Dementia (degenerative (primary)) (old age) (persisting)

  • Dementia (degenerative (primary)) (old age) (persisting) - F03.90 Unspecified dementia without behavioral disturbance
    • alcoholic - F10.97 Alcohol use, unspecified with alcohol-induced persisting dementia
      • with dependence - F10.27 Alcohol dependence with alcohol-induced persisting dementia
    • Alzheimer's type - See: Disease, Alzheimer's;
    • arteriosclerotic - See: Dementia, vascular;
    • atypical, Alzheimer's type - See: Disease, Alzheimer's, specified NEC;
    • congenital - See: Disability, intellectual;
    • frontal (lobe) - G31.09 Other frontotemporal dementia
      • with behavioral disturbance - G31.09 Other frontotemporal dementia
    • frontotemporal - G31.09 Other frontotemporal dementia
      • specified NEC - G31.09 Other frontotemporal dementia
        • with behavioral disturbance - G31.09 Other frontotemporal dementia
      • with behavioral disturbance - G31.09 Other frontotemporal dementia
    • in (due to)
      • alcohol - F10.97 Alcohol use, unspecified with alcohol-induced persisting dementia
        • with dependence - F10.27 Alcohol dependence with alcohol-induced persisting dementia
      • Alzheimer's disease - See: Disease, Alzheimer's;
      • arteriosclerotic brain disease - See: Dementia, vascular;
      • cerebral lipidoses - E75.
        • with behavioral disturbance - E75.
      • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - See Also: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease or syndrome (with dementia); - A81.00 Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, unspecified
      • epilepsy - G40.
        • with behavioral disturbance - G40.
      • hepatolenticular degeneration - E83.01 Wilson's disease
        • with behavioral disturbance - E83.01 Wilson's disease
      • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease - B20 Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease
        • with behavioral disturbance - B20 Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease
      • Huntington's disease or chorea - G10 Huntington's disease
        • with behavioral disturbance - G10 Huntington's disease
      • hypercalcemia - E83.52 Hypercalcemia
        • with behavioral disturbance - E83.52 Hypercalcemia
      • hypothyroidism, acquired - E03.9 Hypothyroidism, unspecified
        • due to iodine deficiency - E01.8 Other iodine-deficiency related thyroid disorders and allied conditions
          • with behavioral disturbance - E01.8 Other iodine-deficiency related thyroid disorders and allied conditions
        • with behavioral disturbance - E03.9 Hypothyroidism, unspecified
      • inhalants - F18.97 Inhalant use, unspecified with inhalant-induced persisting dementia
        • with dependence - F18.27 Inhalant dependence with inhalant-induced dementia
      • multiple
        • etiologies - F03 Unspecified dementia
        • sclerosis - G35 Multiple sclerosis
          • with behavioral disturbance - G35 Multiple sclerosis
      • neurosyphilis - A52.17 General paresis
        • juvenile - A50.49 Other late congenital neurosyphilis
          • with behavioral disturbance - A50.49 Other late congenital neurosyphilis
        • with behavioral disturbance - A52.17 General paresis
      • niacin deficiency - E52 Niacin deficiency [pellagra]
        • with behavioral disturbance - E52 Niacin deficiency [pellagra]
      • paralysis agitans - G20 Parkinson's disease
        • with behavioral disturbance - G20 Parkinson's disease
      • Parkinson's disease - G20 Parkinson's disease
      • pellagra - E52 Niacin deficiency [pellagra]
        • with behavioral disturbance - E52 Niacin deficiency [pellagra]
      • Pick's - G31.01 Pick's disease
        • with behavioral disturbance - G31.01 Pick's disease
      • polyarteritis nodosa - M30.0 Polyarteritis nodosa
        • with behavioral disturbance - M30.0 Polyarteritis nodosa
      • psychoactive drug - F19.97 Other psychoactive substance use, unspecified with psychoactive substance-induced persisting dementia
        • inhalants - F18.97 Inhalant use, unspecified with inhalant-induced persisting dementia
          • with dependence - F18.27 Inhalant dependence with inhalant-induced dementia
        • sedatives, hypnotics or anxiolytics - F13.97 Sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic use, unspecified with sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic-induced persisting dementia
          • with dependence - F13.27 Sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic dependence with sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic-induced persisting dementia
        • with dependence - F19.27 Other psychoactive substance dependence with psychoactive substance-induced persisting dementia
      • sedatives, hypnotics or anxiolytics - F13.97 Sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic use, unspecified with sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic-induced persisting dementia
        • with dependence - F13.27 Sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic dependence with sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic-induced persisting dementia
      • systemic lupus erythematosus - M32.
        • with behavioral disturbance - M32.
      • trypanosomiasis
        • African - B56.9 African trypanosomiasis, unspecified
          • with behavioral disturbance - B56.9 African trypanosomiasis, unspecified
      • unknown etiology - F03 Unspecified dementia
      • vitamin B12 deficiency - E53.8 Deficiency of other specified B group vitamins
        • with behavioral disturbance - E53.8 Deficiency of other specified B group vitamins
      • volatile solvents - F18.97 Inhalant use, unspecified with inhalant-induced persisting dementia
        • with dependence - F18.27 Inhalant dependence with inhalant-induced dementia
      • with behavioral disturbance - G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
    • infantile, infantilis - F84.3 Other childhood disintegrative disorder
    • Lewy body - G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
      • with behavioral disturbance - G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
    • multi-infarct - See: Dementia, vascular;
    • paralytica, paralytic (syphilitic) - A52.17 General paresis
      • juvenilis - A50.45 Juvenile general paresis
      • with behavioral disturbance - A52.17 General paresis
    • paretic - A52.17 General paresis
    • praecox - See: Schizophrenia;
    • presenile - F03 Unspecified dementia
      • Alzheimer's type - See: Disease, Alzheimer's, early onset;
    • primary degenerative - F03 Unspecified dementia
    • progressive, syphilitic - A52.17 General paresis
    • senile - F03 Unspecified dementia
      • Alzheimer's type - See: Disease, Alzheimer's, late onset;
      • depressed or paranoid type - F03 Unspecified dementia
      • with acute confusional state - F05 Delirium due to known physiological condition
    • vascular (acute onset) (mixed) (multi-infarct) (subcortical) - F01.50 Vascular dementia without behavioral disturbance
      • with behavioral disturbance - F01.51 Vascular dementia with behavioral disturbance
    • with
      • aggressive behavior - F03.91 Unspecified dementia with behavioral disturbance
      • behavioral disturbance - F03.91 Unspecified dementia with behavioral disturbance
      • combative behavior - F03.91 Unspecified dementia with behavioral disturbance
      • Lewy bodies - G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
        • with behavioral disturbance - G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
      • Parkinsonism - G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
        • with behavioral disturbance - G31.83 Dementia with Lewy bodies
      • Parkinson's disease - G20 Parkinson's disease
        • with behavioral disturbance - G20 Parkinson's disease
      • violent behavior - F03.91 Unspecified dementia with behavioral disturbance

Footnotes

Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.

Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome: A rare transmissible encephalopathy most prevalent between the ages of 50 and 70 years. Affected individuals may present with sleep disturbances, personality changes, ATAXIA; APHASIA, visual loss, weakness, muscle atrophy, MYOCLONUS, progressive dementia, and death within one year of disease onset. A familial form exhibiting autosomal dominant inheritance and a new variant CJD (potentially associated with ENCEPHALOPATHY, BOVINE SPONGIFORM) have been described. Pathological features include prominent cerebellar and cerebral cortical spongiform degeneration and the presence of PRIONS. (From N Engl J Med, 1998 Dec 31;339(27))

Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)

Hepatolenticular Degeneration: A rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of copper in the BRAIN; LIVER; CORNEA; and other organs. It is caused by defects in the ATP7B gene encoding copper-transporting ATPase 2 (EC 3.6.3.4), also known as the Wilson disease protein. The overload of copper inevitably leads to progressive liver and neurological dysfunction such as LIVER CIRRHOSIS; TREMOR; ATAXIA and intellectual deterioration. Hepatic dysfunction may precede neurologic dysfunction by several years.

Hypercalcemia: Abnormally high level of calcium in the blood.

Lewy Bodies: Intracytoplasmic, eosinophilic, round to elongated inclusions found in vacuoles of injured or fragmented neurons. The presence of Lewy bodies is the histological marker of the degenerative changes in LEWY BODY DISEASE and PARKINSON DISEASE but they may be seen in other neurological conditions. They are typically found in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but they are also seen in the basal forebrain, hypothalamic nuclei, and neocortex.

Lewy Bodies: Intracytoplasmic, eosinophilic, round to elongated inclusions found in vacuoles of injured or fragmented neurons. The presence of Lewy bodies is the histological marker of the degenerative changes in LEWY BODY DISEASE and PARKINSON DISEASE but they may be seen in other neurological conditions. They are typically found in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but they are also seen in the basal forebrain, hypothalamic nuclei, and neocortex.

Neurosyphilis: Infections of the central nervous system caused by TREPONEMA PALLIDUM which present with a variety of clinical syndromes. The initial phase of infection usually causes a mild or asymptomatic meningeal reaction. The meningovascular form may present acutely as BRAIN INFARCTION. The infection may also remain subclinical for several years. Late syndromes include general paresis; TABES DORSALIS; meningeal syphilis; syphilitic OPTIC ATROPHY; and spinal syphilis. General paresis is characterized by progressive DEMENTIA; DYSARTHRIA; TREMOR; MYOCLONUS; SEIZURES; and Argyll-Robertson pupils. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp722-8)

Pellagra: A disease due to deficiency of NIACIN, a B-complex vitamin, or its precursor TRYPTOPHAN. It is characterized by scaly DERMATITIS which is often associated with DIARRHEA and DEMENTIA (the three D's).

Polyarteritis Nodosa: A form of necrotizing non-granulomatous inflammation occurring primarily in medium-sized ARTERIES, often with microaneurysms. It is characterized by muscle, joint, and abdominal pain resulting from arterial infarction and scarring in affected organs. Polyarteritis nodosa with lung involvement is called CHURG-STRAUSS SYNDROME.

Sclerosis: A pathological process consisting of hardening or fibrosis of an anatomical structure, often a vessel or a nerve.

Trypanosomiasis: Infection with protozoa of the genus TRYPANOSOMA.

Previous Term
Delusions Paranoid