Anomaly, anomalous (congenital) (unspecified type)

  • Anomaly, anomalous (congenital) (unspecified type) - Q89.9 Congenital malformation, unspecified
    • abdominal wall NEC - Q79.59 Other congenital malformations of abdominal wall
    • acoustic nerve - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
    • adrenal (gland) - Q89.1 Congenital malformations of adrenal gland
    • Alder (-Reilly) (leukocyte granulation) - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • alimentary tract - Q45.9 Congenital malformation of digestive system, unspecified
      • upper - Q40.9 Congenital malformation of upper alimentary tract, unspecified
    • alveolar - M26.70 Unspecified alveolar anomaly
      • hyperplasia - M26.79 Other specified alveolar anomalies
        • mandibular - M26.72 Alveolar mandibular hyperplasia
        • maxillary - M26.71 Alveolar maxillary hyperplasia
      • hypoplasia - M26.79 Other specified alveolar anomalies
        • mandibular - M26.74 Alveolar mandibular hypoplasia
        • maxillary - M26.73 Alveolar maxillary hypoplasia
      • ridge (process) - M26.79 Other specified alveolar anomalies
      • specified NEC - M26.79 Other specified alveolar anomalies
    • ankle (joint) - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • anus - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • aorta (arch) NEC - Q25.40 Congenital malformation of aorta unspecified
      • coarctation (preductal) (postductal) - Q25.1 Coarctation of aorta
    • aortic cusp or valve - Q23.9 Congenital malformation of aortic and mitral valves, unspecified
    • appendix - Q43.8 Other specified congenital malformations of intestine
    • apple peel syndrome - Q41.1 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of jejunum
    • aqueduct of Sylvius - Q03.0 Malformations of aqueduct of Sylvius
      • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, with hydrocephalus;
    • arm - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • arteriovenous NEC
      • coronary - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
      • gastrointestinal - Q27.33 Arteriovenous malformation of digestive system vessel
        • acquired - See: Angiodysplasia;
    • artery (peripheral) - Q27.9 Congenital malformation of peripheral vascular system, unspecified
      • basilar NEC - Q28.1 Other malformations of precerebral vessels
      • cerebral - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • coronary - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
      • digestive system - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • eye - Q15.8 Other specified congenital malformations of eye
      • great - Q25.9 Congenital malformation of great arteries, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q25.8 Other congenital malformations of other great arteries
      • lower limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • peripheral - Q27.9 Congenital malformation of peripheral vascular system, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • pulmonary NEC - Q25.79 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary artery
      • renal - Q27.2 Other congenital malformations of renal artery
      • retina - Q14.1 Congenital malformation of retina
      • specified site NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • subclavian - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
        • origin - Q25.48 Anomalous origin of subclavian artery
      • umbilical - Q27.0 Congenital absence and hypoplasia of umbilical artery
      • upper limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • vertebral NEC - Q28.1 Other malformations of precerebral vessels
    • aryteno-epiglottic folds - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • atrial
      • bands or folds - Q20.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac chambers and connections
      • septa - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
    • atrioventricular
      • excitation - I45.6 Pre-excitation syndrome
      • septum - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
    • auditory canal - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
    • auricle
      • ear - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
        • causing impairment of hearing - Q16.9 Congenital malformation of ear causing impairment of hearing, unspecified
      • heart - Q20.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac chambers and connections
    • Axenfeld's - Q15.0 Congenital glaucoma
    • back - Q89.9 Congenital malformation, unspecified
    • band
      • atrial - Q20.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac chambers and connections
      • heart - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • ventricular - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • Bartholin's duct - Q38.4 Congenital malformations of salivary glands and ducts
    • biliary duct or passage - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • bladder - Q64.70 Unspecified congenital malformation of bladder and urethra
      • absence - Q64.5 Congenital absence of bladder and urethra
      • diverticulum - Q64.6 Congenital diverticulum of bladder
      • exstrophy - Q64.10 Exstrophy of urinary bladder, unspecified
        • cloacal - Q64.12 Cloacal exstrophy of urinary bladder
        • extroversion - Q64.19 Other exstrophy of urinary bladder
        • specified type NEC - Q64.19 Other exstrophy of urinary bladder
        • supravesical fissure - Q64.11 Supravesical fissure of urinary bladder
      • neck obstruction - Q64.31 Congenital bladder neck obstruction
      • specified type NEC - Q64.79 Other congenital malformations of bladder and urethra
    • bone - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
      • arm - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
      • face - Q75.9 Congenital malformation of skull and face bones, unspecified
      • leg - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
      • pelvic girdle - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
      • shoulder girdle - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
      • skull - Q75.9 Congenital malformation of skull and face bones, unspecified
        • with
          • anencephaly - Q00.0 Anencephaly
          • encephalocele - See: Encephalocele;
          • hydrocephalus - Q03.9 Congenital hydrocephalus, unspecified
            • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, by site, with hydrocephalus;
          • microcephaly - Q02 Microcephaly
    • brain (multiple) - Q04.9 Congenital malformation of brain, unspecified
      • vessel - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
    • breast - Q83.9 Congenital malformation of breast, unspecified
    • broad ligament - Q50.6 Other congenital malformations of fallopian tube and broad ligament
    • bronchus - Q32.4 Other congenital malformations of bronchus
    • bulbus cordis - Q21.9 Congenital malformation of cardiac septum, unspecified
    • bursa - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
    • canal of Nuck - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • canthus - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
    • capillary - Q27.9 Congenital malformation of peripheral vascular system, unspecified
    • cardiac - Q24.9 Congenital malformation of heart, unspecified
      • chambers - Q20.9 Congenital malformation of cardiac chambers and connections, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q20.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac chambers and connections
      • septal closure - Q21.9 Congenital malformation of cardiac septum, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q21.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac septa
      • valve NEC - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
        • pulmonary - Q22.3 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary valve
    • cardiovascular system - Q28.8 Other specified congenital malformations of circulatory system
    • carpus - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • caruncle, lacrimal - Q10.6 Other congenital malformations of lacrimal apparatus
    • cascade stomach - Q40.2 Other specified congenital malformations of stomach
    • cauda equina - Q06.3 Other congenital cauda equina malformations
    • cecum - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • cerebral - Q04.9 Congenital malformation of brain, unspecified
      • vessels - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
    • cervix - Q51.9 Congenital malformation of uterus and cervix, unspecified
    • Chédiak-Higashi (-Steinbrinck) (congenital gigantism of peroxidase granules) - E70.330 Chediak-Higashi syndrome
    • cheek - Q18.9 Congenital malformation of face and neck, unspecified
    • chest wall - Q67.8 Other congenital deformities of chest
      • bones - Q76.9 Congenital malformation of bony thorax, unspecified
    • chin - Q18.9 Congenital malformation of face and neck, unspecified
    • chordae tendineae - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • choroid - Q14.3 Congenital malformation of choroid
      • plexus - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
    • chromosomes, chromosomal - Q99.9 Chromosomal abnormality, unspecified
      • D (1) - See: condition, chromosome 13;
      • E (3) - See: condition, chromosome 18;
      • G - See: condition, chromosome 21;
      • sex
        • female phenotype - Q97.8 Other specified sex chromosome abnormalities, female phenotype
        • gonadal dysgenesis (pure) - Q99.1 46, XX true hermaphrodite
        • Klinefelter's - Q98.4 Klinefelter syndrome, unspecified
        • male phenotype - Q98.9 Sex chromosome abnormality, male phenotype, unspecified
        • Turner's - Q96.9 Turner's syndrome, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Q99.8 Other specified chromosome abnormalities
    • cilia - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
    • circulatory system - Q28.9 Congenital malformation of circulatory system, unspecified
    • clavicle - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • clitoris - Q52.6 Congenital malformation of clitoris
    • coccyx - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • colon - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • common duct - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • communication
      • coronary artery - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
      • left ventricle with right atrium - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
    • concha (ear) - Q17.3 Other misshapen ear
    • connection
      • portal vein - Q26.5 Anomalous portal venous connection
      • pulmonary venous - Q26.4 Anomalous pulmonary venous connection, unspecified
        • partial - Q26.3 Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection
        • total - Q26.2 Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
      • renal artery with kidney - Q27.2 Other congenital malformations of renal artery
    • cornea (shape) - Q13.4 Other congenital corneal malformations
    • coronary artery or vein - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
    • cranium - See: Anomaly, skull;
    • cricoid cartilage - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • cystic duct - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • dental
      • alveolar - See: Anomaly, alveolar;
      • arch relationship - M26.20 Unspecified anomaly of dental arch relationship
        • specified NEC - M26.29 Other anomalies of dental arch relationship
    • dentofacial - M26.9 Dentofacial anomaly, unspecified
      • alveolar - See: Anomaly, alveolar;
      • dental arch relationship - M26.20 Unspecified anomaly of dental arch relationship
        • specified NEC - M26.29 Other anomalies of dental arch relationship
      • functional - M26.50 Dentofacial functional abnormalities, unspecified
        • specified NEC - M26.59 Other dentofacial functional abnormalities
      • jaw size - M26.00 Unspecified anomaly of jaw size
        • macrogenia - M26.05 Macrogenia
        • mandibular
          • hyperplasia - M26.03 Mandibular hyperplasia
          • hypoplasia - M26.04 Mandibular hypoplasia
        • maxillary
          • hyperplasia - M26.01 Maxillary hyperplasia
          • hypoplasia - M26.02 Maxillary hypoplasia
        • microgenia - M26.06 Microgenia
        • specified type NEC - M26.09 Other specified anomalies of jaw size
      • jaw-cranial base relationship - M26.10 Unspecified anomaly of jaw-cranial base relationship
        • asymmetry - M26.12 Other jaw asymmetry
          • maxillary - M26.11 Maxillary asymmetry
        • specified type NEC - M26.19 Other specified anomalies of jaw-cranial base relationship
      • malocclusion - M26.4 Malocclusion, unspecified
        • dental arch relationship NEC - M26.29 Other anomalies of dental arch relationship
        • jaw size - See: Anomaly, dentofacial, jaw size;
        • jaw-cranial base relationship - See: Anomaly, dentofacial, jaw-cranial base relationship;
      • specified type NEC - M26.89 Other dentofacial anomalies
      • temporomandibular joint - M26.60 Temporomandibular joint disorder, unspecified
        • adhesions - M26.61 Adhesions and ankylosis of temporomandibular joint
        • ankylosis - M26.61 Adhesions and ankylosis of temporomandibular joint
        • arthralgia - M26.62 Arthralgia of temporomandibular joint
        • articular disc - M26.63 Articular disc disorder of temporomandibular joint
        • specified type NEC - M26.69 Other specified disorders of temporomandibular joint
      • tooth position, fully erupted - M26.30 Unspecified anomaly of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
        • specified NEC - M26.39 Other anomalies of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
    • dermatoglyphic - Q82.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skin
    • diaphragm (apertures) NEC - Q79.1 Other congenital malformations of diaphragm
    • digestive organ (s) or tract - Q45.9 Congenital malformation of digestive system, unspecified
      • lower - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
      • upper - Q40.9 Congenital malformation of upper alimentary tract, unspecified
    • distance, interarch (excessive) (inadequate) - M26.25 Anomalies of interarch distance
    • distribution, coronary artery - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
    • ductus
      • arteriosus - Q25.0 Patent ductus arteriosus
      • botalli - Q25.0 Patent ductus arteriosus
    • duodenum - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • dura (brain) - Q04.9 Congenital malformation of brain, unspecified
      • spinal cord - Q06.9 Congenital malformation of spinal cord, unspecified
    • ear (external) - Q17.9 Congenital malformation of ear, unspecified
      • causing impairment of hearing - Q16.9 Congenital malformation of ear causing impairment of hearing, unspecified
      • inner - Q16.5 Congenital malformation of inner ear
      • middle (causing impairment of hearing) - Q16.4 Other congenital malformations of middle ear
      • ossicles - Q16.3 Congenital malformation of ear ossicles
    • Ebstein's (heart) (tricuspid valve) - Q22.5 Ebstein's anomaly
    • ectodermal - Q82.9 Congenital malformation of skin, unspecified
    • Eisenmenger's (ventricular septal defect) - Q21.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac septa
    • ejaculatory duct - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • elbow - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • endocrine gland NEC - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • epididymis - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • epiglottis - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • esophagus - Q39.9 Congenital malformation of esophagus, unspecified
    • eustachian tube - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
    • eye - Q15.9 Congenital malformation of eye, unspecified
      • anterior segment - Q13.9 Congenital malformation of anterior segment of eye, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q13.89 Other congenital malformations of anterior segment of eye
      • posterior segment - Q14.9 Congenital malformation of posterior segment of eye, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q14.8 Other congenital malformations of posterior segment of eye
      • ptosis (eyelid) - Q10.0 Congenital ptosis
      • specified NEC - Q15.8 Other specified congenital malformations of eye
    • eyebrow - Q18.8 Other specified congenital malformations of face and neck
    • eyelid - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
      • ptosis - Q10.0 Congenital ptosis
    • face - Q18.9 Congenital malformation of face and neck, unspecified
      • bone (s) - Q75.9 Congenital malformation of skull and face bones, unspecified
    • fallopian tube - Q50.6 Other congenital malformations of fallopian tube and broad ligament
    • fascia - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
    • femur NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • fibula NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • finger - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • fixation, intestine - Q43.3 Congenital malformations of intestinal fixation
    • flexion (joint) NOS - Q74.9 Unspecified congenital malformation of limb(s)
      • hip or thigh - Q65.89 Other specified congenital deformities of hip
    • foot NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
      • varus (congenital) - Q66.3 Other congenital varus deformities of feet
    • foramen
      • Botalli - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
      • ovale - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
    • forearm - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • forehead - Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones
    • form, teeth - K00.2 Abnormalities of size and form of teeth
    • fovea centralis - Q14.1 Congenital malformation of retina
    • frontal bone - See: Anomaly, skull;
    • gallbladder (position) (shape) (size) - Q44.1 Other congenital malformations of gallbladder
    • Gartner's duct - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • gastrointestinal tract - Q45.9 Congenital malformation of digestive system, unspecified
    • genitalia, genital organ (s) or system
      • female - Q52.9 Congenital malformation of female genitalia, unspecified
        • external - Q52.70 Unspecified congenital malformations of vulva
        • internal NOS - Q52.9 Congenital malformation of female genitalia, unspecified
      • male - Q55.9 Congenital malformation of male genital organ, unspecified
        • hydrocele - P83.5 Congenital hydrocele
        • specified NEC - Q55.8 Other specified congenital malformations of male genital organs
    • genitourinary NEC
      • female - Q52.9 Congenital malformation of female genitalia, unspecified
      • male - Q55.9 Congenital malformation of male genital organ, unspecified
    • Gerbode - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
    • glottis - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • granulation or granulocyte, genetic (constitutional) (leukocyte) - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • gum - Q38.6 Other congenital malformations of mouth
    • gyri - Q07.9 Congenital malformation of nervous system, unspecified
    • hair - Q84.2 Other congenital malformations of hair
    • hand - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • hard tissue formation in pulp - K04.3 Abnormal hard tissue formation in pulp
    • head - See: Anomaly, skull;
    • heart - Q24.9 Congenital malformation of heart, unspecified
      • auricle - Q20.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac chambers and connections
      • bands or folds - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • fibroelastosis cordis - I42.4 Endocardial fibroelastosis
      • obstructive NEC - Q22.6 Hypoplastic right heart syndrome
      • patent ductus arteriosus (Botalli) - Q25.0 Patent ductus arteriosus
      • septum - Q21.9 Congenital malformation of cardiac septum, unspecified
        • auricular - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • interatrial - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • interventricular - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
          • with pulmonary stenosis or atresia, dextraposition of aorta and hypertrophy of right ventricle - Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
        • specified NEC - Q21.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac septa
        • ventricular - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
          • with pulmonary stenosis or atresia, dextraposition of aorta and hypertrophy of right ventricle - Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
      • tetralogy of Fallot - Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
      • valve NEC - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
        • aortic
          • bicuspid valve - Q23.1 Congenital insufficiency of aortic valve
          • insufficiency - Q23.1 Congenital insufficiency of aortic valve
          • stenosis - Q23.0 Congenital stenosis of aortic valve
            • subaortic - Q24.4 Congenital subaortic stenosis
        • mitral
          • insufficiency - Q23.3 Congenital mitral insufficiency
          • stenosis - Q23.2 Congenital mitral stenosis
        • pulmonary - Q22.3 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary valve
          • atresia - Q22.0 Pulmonary valve atresia
          • insufficiency - Q22.2 Congenital pulmonary valve insufficiency
          • stenosis - Q22.1 Congenital pulmonary valve stenosis
            • infundibular - Q24.3 Pulmonary infundibular stenosis
            • subvalvular - Q24.3 Pulmonary infundibular stenosis
        • tricuspid
          • atresia - Q22.4 Congenital tricuspid stenosis
          • stenosis - Q22.4 Congenital tricuspid stenosis
      • ventricle - Q20.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac chambers and connections
    • heel NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • Hegglin's - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • hemianencephaly - Q00.0 Anencephaly
    • hemicephaly - Q00.0 Anencephaly
    • hemicrania - Q00.0 Anencephaly
    • hepatic duct - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • hip NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • hourglass stomach - Q40.2 Other specified congenital malformations of stomach
    • humerus - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • hydatid of Morgagni
      • female - Q50.5 Embryonic cyst of broad ligament
      • male (epididymal) - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
        • testicular - Q55.29 Other congenital malformations of testis and scrotum
    • hymen - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • hypersegmentation of neutrophils, hereditary - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • hypophyseal - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • ileocecal (coil) (valve) - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • ileum - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • ilium NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • integument - Q84.9 Congenital malformation of integument, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Q84.8 Other specified congenital malformations of integument
    • interarch distance (excessive) (inadequate) - M26.25 Anomalies of interarch distance
    • intervertebral cartilage or disc - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • intestine (large) (small) - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
      • with anomalous adhesions, fixation or malrotation - Q43.3 Congenital malformations of intestinal fixation
    • iris - Q13.2 Other congenital malformations of iris
    • ischium NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • jaw - See: Anomaly, dentofacial;
      • alveolar - See: Anomaly, alveolar;
    • jaw-cranial base relationship - See: Anomaly, dentofacial, jaw-cranial base relationship;
    • jejunum - Q43.8 Other specified congenital malformations of intestine
    • joint - Q74.9 Unspecified congenital malformation of limb(s)
      • specified NEC - Q74.8 Other specified congenital malformations of limb(s)
    • Jordan's - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • kidney (s) (calyx) (pelvis) - Q63.9 Congenital malformation of kidney, unspecified
      • artery - Q27.2 Other congenital malformations of renal artery
      • specified NEC - Q63.8 Other specified congenital malformations of kidney
    • Klippel-Feil (brevicollis) - Q76.1 Klippel-Feil syndrome
    • knee - Q74.1 Congenital malformation of knee
    • labium (majus) (minus) - Q52.70 Unspecified congenital malformations of vulva
    • labyrinth, membranous - Q16.5 Congenital malformation of inner ear
    • lacrimal apparatus or duct - Q10.6 Other congenital malformations of lacrimal apparatus
    • larynx, laryngeal (muscle) - Q31.9 Congenital malformation of larynx, unspecified
      • web (bed) - Q31.0 Web of larynx
    • lens - Q12.9 Congenital lens malformation, unspecified
    • leukocytes, genetic - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
      • granulation (constitutional) - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • lid (fold) - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
    • ligament - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
      • broad - Q50.6 Other congenital malformations of fallopian tube and broad ligament
      • round - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
    • limb - Q74.9 Unspecified congenital malformation of limb(s)
      • lower NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
        • reduction deformity - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb;
      • upper - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • lip - Q38.0 Congenital malformations of lips, not elsewhere classified
    • liver - Q44.7 Other congenital malformations of liver
      • duct - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • lower limb NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • lumbosacral (joint) (region) - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • kyphosis - See: Kyphosis, congenital;
      • lordosis - See: Lordosis, congenital;
    • lung (fissure) (lobe) - Q33.9 Congenital malformation of lung, unspecified
    • mandible - See: Anomaly, dentofacial;
    • maxilla - See: Anomaly, dentofacial;
    • May (-Hegglin) - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • meatus urinarius NEC - Q64.79 Other congenital malformations of bladder and urethra
    • meningeal bands or folds - Q07.9 Congenital malformation of nervous system, unspecified
      • constriction of - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
      • spinal - Q06.9 Congenital malformation of spinal cord, unspecified
    • meninges - Q07.9 Congenital malformation of nervous system, unspecified
      • cerebral - Q04.8 Other specified congenital malformations of brain
      • spinal - Q06.9 Congenital malformation of spinal cord, unspecified
    • meningocele - Q05.9 Spina bifida, unspecified
    • mesentery - Q45.9 Congenital malformation of digestive system, unspecified
    • metacarpus - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • metatarsus NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • middle ear - Q16.4 Other congenital malformations of middle ear
      • ossicles - Q16.3 Congenital malformation of ear ossicles
    • mitral (leaflets) (valve) - Q23.9 Congenital malformation of aortic and mitral valves, unspecified
      • insufficiency - Q23.3 Congenital mitral insufficiency
      • specified NEC - Q23.8 Other congenital malformations of aortic and mitral valves
      • stenosis - Q23.2 Congenital mitral stenosis
    • mouth - Q38.6 Other congenital malformations of mouth
    • Müllerian - See Also: Anomaly, by site;
      • uterus NEC - Q51.818 Other congenital malformations of uterus
    • multiple NEC - Q89.7 Multiple congenital malformations, not elsewhere classified
    • muscle - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
      • eyelid - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
    • musculoskeletal system, except limbs - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
    • myocardium - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • nail - Q84.6 Other congenital malformations of nails
    • narrowness, eyelid - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
    • nasal sinus (wall) - Q30.8 Other congenital malformations of nose
    • neck (any part) - Q18.9 Congenital malformation of face and neck, unspecified
    • nerve - Q07.9 Congenital malformation of nervous system, unspecified
      • acoustic - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
      • optic - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
    • nervous system (central) - Q07.9 Congenital malformation of nervous system, unspecified
    • nipple - Q83.9 Congenital malformation of breast, unspecified
    • nose, nasal (bones) (cartilage) (septum) (sinus) - Q30.9 Congenital malformation of nose, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Q30.8 Other congenital malformations of nose
    • ocular muscle - Q15.8 Other specified congenital malformations of eye
    • omphalomesenteric duct - Q43.0 Meckel's diverticulum (displaced) (hypertrophic)
    • opening, pulmonary veins - Q26.4 Anomalous pulmonary venous connection, unspecified
    • optic
      • disc - Q14.2 Congenital malformation of optic disc
      • nerve - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
    • opticociliary vessels - Q13.2 Other congenital malformations of iris
    • orbit (eye) - Q10.7 Congenital malformation of orbit
    • organ - Q89.9 Congenital malformation, unspecified
      • of Corti - Q16.5 Congenital malformation of inner ear
    • origin
      • artery
        • innominate - Q25.8 Other congenital malformations of other great arteries
        • pulmonary - Q25.79 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary artery
        • renal - Q27.2 Other congenital malformations of renal artery
        • subclavian - Q25.48 Anomalous origin of subclavian artery
    • osseous meatus (ear) - Q16.1 Congenital absence, atresia and stricture of auditory canal (external)
    • ovary - Q50.39 Other congenital malformation of ovary
    • oviduct - Q50.6 Other congenital malformations of fallopian tube and broad ligament
    • palate (hard) (soft) NEC - Q38.5 Congenital malformations of palate, not elsewhere classified
    • pancreas or pancreatic duct - Q45.3 Other congenital malformations of pancreas and pancreatic duct
    • papillary muscles - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • parathyroid gland - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • paraurethral ducts - Q64.79 Other congenital malformations of bladder and urethra
    • parotid (gland) - Q38.4 Congenital malformations of salivary glands and ducts
    • patella - Q74.1 Congenital malformation of knee
    • Pelger-Huët (hereditary hyposegmentation) - D72.0 Genetic anomalies of leukocytes
    • pelvic girdle NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • pelvis (bony) NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
      • rachitic - E64.3 Sequelae of rickets
    • penis (glans) - Q55.69 Other congenital malformation of penis
    • pericardium - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • peripheral vascular system - Q27.9 Congenital malformation of peripheral vascular system, unspecified
    • Peter's - Q13.4 Other congenital corneal malformations
    • pharynx - Q38.8 Other congenital malformations of pharynx
    • pigmentation - L81.9 Disorder of pigmentation, unspecified
      • congenital - Q82.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skin
    • pituitary (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • pleural (folds) - Q34.0 Anomaly of pleura
    • portal vein - Q26.5 Anomalous portal venous connection
      • connection - Q26.5 Anomalous portal venous connection
    • position, tooth, teeth, fully erupted - M26.30 Unspecified anomaly of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
      • specified NEC - M26.39 Other anomalies of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
    • precerebral vessel - Q28.1 Other malformations of precerebral vessels
    • prepuce - Q55.69 Other congenital malformation of penis
    • prostate - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • pulmonary - Q33.9 Congenital malformation of lung, unspecified
      • artery NEC - Q25.79 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary artery
      • valve - Q22.3 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary valve
        • atresia - Q22.0 Pulmonary valve atresia
        • insufficiency - Q22.2 Congenital pulmonary valve insufficiency
        • specified type NEC - Q22.3 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary valve
        • stenosis - Q22.1 Congenital pulmonary valve stenosis
          • infundibular - Q24.3 Pulmonary infundibular stenosis
          • subvalvular - Q24.3 Pulmonary infundibular stenosis
      • venous connection - Q26.4 Anomalous pulmonary venous connection, unspecified
        • partial - Q26.3 Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection
        • total - Q26.2 Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
    • pupil - Q13.2 Other congenital malformations of iris
      • function - H57.00 Unspecified anomaly of pupillary function
        • anisocoria - H57.02 Anisocoria
        • Argyll Robertson pupil - H57.01 Argyll Robertson pupil, atypical
        • miosis - H57.03 Miosis
        • mydriasis - H57.04 Mydriasis
        • specified type NEC - H57.09 Other anomalies of pupillary function
        • tonic pupil - H57.05 Tonic pupil
    • pylorus - Q40.3 Congenital malformation of stomach, unspecified
    • radius - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • rectum - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • reduction (extremity) (limb)
      • femur (longitudinal) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, longitudinal, femur;
      • fibula (longitudinal) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, longitudinal, fibula;
      • lower limb - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb;
      • radius (longitudinal) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, longitudinal, radius;
      • tibia (longitudinal) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, longitudinal, tibia;
      • ulna (longitudinal) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, longitudinal, ulna;
      • upper limb - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb;
    • refraction - See: Disorder, refraction;
    • renal - Q63.9 Congenital malformation of kidney, unspecified
      • artery - Q27.2 Other congenital malformations of renal artery
      • pelvis - Q63.9 Congenital malformation of kidney, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q63.8 Other specified congenital malformations of kidney
    • respiratory system - Q34.9 Congenital malformation of respiratory system, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Q34.8 Other specified congenital malformations of respiratory system
    • retina - Q14.1 Congenital malformation of retina
    • rib - Q76.6 Other congenital malformations of ribs
      • cervical - Q76.5 Cervical rib
    • Rieger's - Q13.81 Rieger's anomaly
    • rotation - See: Malrotation;
      • hip or thigh - Q65.89 Other specified congenital deformities of hip
    • round ligament - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
    • sacroiliac (joint) NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • sacrum NEC - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • kyphosis - See: Kyphosis, congenital;
      • lordosis - See: Lordosis, congenital;
    • saddle nose, syphilitic - A50.57 Syphilitic saddle nose
    • salivary duct or gland - Q38.4 Congenital malformations of salivary glands and ducts
    • scapula - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • scrotum - See: Malformation, testis and scrotum;
    • sebaceous gland - Q82.9 Congenital malformation of skin, unspecified
    • seminal vesicles - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • sense organs NEC - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
    • sex chromosomes NEC - See Also: Anomaly, chromosomes;
      • female phenotype - Q97.8 Other specified sex chromosome abnormalities, female phenotype
      • male phenotype - Q98.9 Sex chromosome abnormality, male phenotype, unspecified
    • shoulder (girdle) (joint) - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • sigmoid (flexure) - Q43.9 Congenital malformation of intestine, unspecified
    • simian crease - Q82.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skin
    • sinus of Valsalva - Q25.49 Other congenital malformations of aorta
    • skeleton generalized - Q78.9 Osteochondrodysplasia, unspecified
    • skin (appendage) - Q82.9 Congenital malformation of skin, unspecified
    • skull - Q75.9 Congenital malformation of skull and face bones, unspecified
      • with
        • anencephaly - Q00.0 Anencephaly
        • encephalocele - See: Encephalocele;
        • hydrocephalus - Q03.9 Congenital hydrocephalus, unspecified
          • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, by site, with hydrocephalus;
        • microcephaly - Q02 Microcephaly
    • specified organ or site NEC - Q89.8 Other specified congenital malformations
    • spermatic cord - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • spine, spinal NEC - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • column NEC - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
        • kyphosis - See: Kyphosis, congenital;
        • lordosis - See: Lordosis, congenital;
      • cord - Q06.9 Congenital malformation of spinal cord, unspecified
      • nerve root - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
    • spleen - Q89.09 Congenital malformations of spleen
      • agenesis - Q89.01 Asplenia (congenital)
    • stenonian duct - Q38.4 Congenital malformations of salivary glands and ducts
    • sternum NEC - Q76.7 Congenital malformation of sternum
    • stomach - Q40.3 Congenital malformation of stomach, unspecified
    • submaxillary gland - Q38.4 Congenital malformations of salivary glands and ducts
    • tarsus NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • tendon - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
    • testis - See: Malformation, testis and scrotum;
    • thigh NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • thorax (wall) - Q67.8 Other congenital deformities of chest
      • bony - Q76.9 Congenital malformation of bony thorax, unspecified
    • throat - Q38.8 Other congenital malformations of pharynx
    • thumb - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • thymus gland - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • thyroid (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
      • cartilage - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • tibia NEC - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
      • saber - A50.56 Late congenital syphilitic osteochondropathy
    • toe - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • tongue - Q38.3 Other congenital malformations of tongue
    • tooth, teeth - K00.9 Disorder of tooth development, unspecified
      • eruption - K00.6 Disturbances in tooth eruption
      • position, fully erupted - M26.30 Unspecified anomaly of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
      • spacing, fully erupted - M26.30 Unspecified anomaly of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
    • trachea (cartilage) - Q32.1 Other congenital malformations of trachea
    • tragus - Q17.9 Congenital malformation of ear, unspecified
    • tricuspid (leaflet) (valve) - Q22.9 Congenital malformation of tricuspid valve, unspecified
      • atresia or stenosis - Q22.4 Congenital tricuspid stenosis
      • Ebstein's - Q22.5 Ebstein's anomaly
    • Uhl's (hypoplasia of myocardium, right ventricle) - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • ulna - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • umbilical artery - Q27.0 Congenital absence and hypoplasia of umbilical artery
    • union
      • cricoid cartilage and thyroid cartilage - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
      • thyroid cartilage and hyoid bone - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
      • trachea with larynx - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • upper limb - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • urachus - Q64.4 Malformation of urachus
    • ureter - Q62.8 Other congenital malformations of ureter
      • obstructive NEC - Q62.39 Other obstructive defects of renal pelvis and ureter
        • cecoureterocele - Q62.32 Cecoureterocele
        • orthotopic ureterocele - Q62.31 Congenital ureterocele, orthotopic
    • urethra - Q64.70 Unspecified congenital malformation of bladder and urethra
      • absence - Q64.5 Congenital absence of bladder and urethra
      • double - Q64.74 Double urethra
      • fistula to rectum - Q64.73 Congenital urethrorectal fistula
      • obstructive - Q64.39 Other atresia and stenosis of urethra and bladder neck
        • stricture - Q64.32 Congenital stricture of urethra
      • prolapse - Q64.71 Congenital prolapse of urethra
      • specified type NEC - Q64.79 Other congenital malformations of bladder and urethra
    • urinary tract - Q64.9 Congenital malformation of urinary system, unspecified
    • uterus - Q51.9 Congenital malformation of uterus and cervix, unspecified
      • with only one functioning horn - Q51.4 Unicornate uterus
    • uvula - Q38.5 Congenital malformations of palate, not elsewhere classified
    • vagina - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • valleculae - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • valve (heart) NEC - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • coronary sinus - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
      • inferior vena cava - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • pulmonary - Q22.3 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary valve
      • sinus coronario - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
      • venae cavae inferioris - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • vas deferens - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • vascular - Q27.9 Congenital malformation of peripheral vascular system, unspecified
      • brain - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • ring - Q25.45 Double aortic arch
    • vein (s) (peripheral) - Q27.9 Congenital malformation of peripheral vascular system, unspecified
      • brain - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • cerebral - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • coronary - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
      • developmental - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • great - Q26.9 Congenital malformation of great vein, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q26.8 Other congenital malformations of great veins
    • vena cava (inferior) (superior) - Q26.9 Congenital malformation of great vein, unspecified
    • venous - See: Anomaly, vein(s);
    • venous return - Q26.8 Other congenital malformations of great veins
    • ventricular
      • bands or folds - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • septa - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
    • vertebra - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • kyphosis - See: Kyphosis, congenital;
      • lordosis - See: Lordosis, congenital;
    • vesicourethral orifice - Q64.79 Other congenital malformations of bladder and urethra
    • vessel (s) - Q27.9 Congenital malformation of peripheral vascular system, unspecified
      • optic papilla - Q14.2 Congenital malformation of optic disc
      • precerebral - Q28.1 Other malformations of precerebral vessels
    • vitelline duct - Q43.0 Meckel's diverticulum (displaced) (hypertrophic)
    • vitreous body or humor - Q14.0 Congenital malformation of vitreous humor
    • vulva - Q52.70 Unspecified congenital malformations of vulva
    • wrist (joint) - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle

Footnotes

Acoustics: The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Anencephaly: A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)

Ankylosis: Fixation and immobility of a joint.

Appendix: A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.

Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.

Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.

Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.

Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.

Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principal cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.

Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principal cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.

Broad Ligament: A broad fold of peritoneum that extends from the side of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis.

Capillaries: The minute vessels that connect arterioles and venules.

Cardiovascular System: The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.

Cartilage: A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.

Cauda Equina: The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.

Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.

Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.

Cheek: The part of the face that is below the eye and to the side of the nose and mouth.

Chin: The anatomical frontal portion of the mandible, also known as the mentum, that contains the line of fusion of the two separate halves of the mandible (symphysis menti). This line of fusion divides inferiorly to enclose a triangular area called the mental protuberance. On each side, inferior to the second premolar tooth, is the mental foramen for the passage of blood vessels and a nerve.

Chordae Tendineae: The tendinous cords that connect each cusp of the two atrioventricular HEART VALVES to appropriate PAPILLARY MUSCLES in the HEART VENTRICLES, preventing the valves from reversing themselves when the ventricles contract.

Choroid: The thin, highly vascular membrane covering most of the posterior of the eye between the RETINA and SCLERA.

Cilia: Populations of thin, motile processes found covering the surface of ciliates (CILIOPHORA) or the free surface of the cells making up ciliated EPITHELIUM. Each cilium arises from a basic granule in the superficial layer of CYTOPLASM. The movement of cilia propels ciliates through the liquid in which they live. The movement of cilia on a ciliated epithelium serves to propel a surface layer of mucus or fluid. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)

Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.

Clitoris: An erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora.

Coccyx: The last bone in the VERTEBRAL COLUMN in tailless primates considered to be a vestigial tail-bone consisting of three to five fused VERTEBRAE.

Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.

Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.

Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.

Cricoid Cartilage: The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.

Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.

Dermatoglyphics: The study of the patterns of ridges of the skin of the fingers, palms, toes, and soles.

Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).

Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.

Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.

Ejaculatory Ducts: Paired ducts in the human male through which semen is ejaculated into the urethra.

Elbow: Region of the body immediately surrounding and including the ELBOW JOINT.

Encephalocele: Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.

Epididymis: The convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the TESTIS. Epididymis consists of the head (caput), the body (corpus), and the tail (cauda). A network of ducts leaving the testis joins into a common epididymal tubule proper which provides the transport, storage, and maturation of SPERMATOZOA.

Epiglottis: A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.

Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Eustachian Tube: A narrow passageway that connects the upper part of the throat to the TYMPANIC CAVITY.

Extraversion (Psychology): A state in which attention is largely directed outward from the self.

Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.

Eyelids: Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.

Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.

Fallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.

Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.

Female:

Fingers: Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.

Forearm: Part of the upper extremity in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.

Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.

Fovea Centralis: An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)

Frontal Bone: The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.

Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).

Glottis: The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.

Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.

Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.

Hand: The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.

Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.

Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.

Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.

Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.

Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.

Hymen: A thin fold of MUCOUS MEMBRANE situated at the orifice of the vagina.

Hyperplasia: An increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ without tumor formation. It differs from HYPERTROPHY, which is an increase in bulk without an increase in the number of cells.

Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.

Vena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.

Iris: The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers - the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.

Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.

Jejunum: The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.

Joints: Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.

Knee: A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.

Kyphosis: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.

Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.

Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.

Extremities: The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.

Lip: Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.

Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.

Lordosis: The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).

Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.

Male:

Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)

Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.

Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.

Meninges: The three membranes that cover the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD. They are the dura mater, the arachnoid, and the pia mater.

Meningocele: A congenital or acquired protrusion of the meninges, unaccompanied by neural tissue, through a bony defect in the skull or vertebral column.

Mesentery: A layer of the peritoneum which attaches the abdominal viscera to the ABDOMINAL WALL and conveys their blood vessels and nerves.

Metacarpus: The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.

Microcephaly: A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)

Ear, Middle: The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.

Miosis: Pupillary constriction. This may result from congenital absence of the dilatator pupillary muscle, defective sympathetic innervation, or irritation of the CONJUNCTIVA or CORNEA.

Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.

Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.

Mydriasis: Dilation of pupils to greater than 6 mm combined with failure of the pupils to constrict when stimulated with light. This condition may occur due to injury of the pupillary fibers in the oculomotor nerve, in acute angle-closure glaucoma, and in ADIE SYNDROME.

Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.

Nails: The thin, horny plates that cover the dorsal surfaces of the distal phalanges of the fingers and toes of primates.

Nipples: The conic organs which usually give outlet to milk from the mammary glands.

Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.

Oviducts: Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Papillary Muscles: Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.

Parathyroid Glands: Two pairs of small oval-shaped glands located in the front and the base of the NECK and adjacent to the two lobes of THYROID GLAND. They secrete PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.

Patella: The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.

Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.

Pericardium: A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.

Pharynx: A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).

Pigmentation: Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.

Portal Vein: A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.

Prolapse: The protrusion of an organ or part of an organ into a natural or artificial orifice.

Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.

Pupil: The aperture in the iris through which light passes.

Pylorus: The region of the STOMACH at the junction with the DUODENUM. It is marked by the thickening of circular muscle layers forming the pyloric sphincter to control the opening and closure of the lumen.

Radius: The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.

Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.

Respiratory System: The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.

Retina: The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.

Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.

Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.

Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.

Sebaceous Glands: Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.

Seminal Vesicles: A saclike, glandular diverticulum on each ductus deferens in male vertebrates. It is united with the excretory duct and serves for temporary storage of semen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Sex: The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.

Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

Spermatic Cord: Either of a pair of tubular structures formed by DUCTUS DEFERENS; ARTERIES; VEINS; LYMPHATIC VESSELS; and nerves. The spermatic cord extends from the deep inguinal ring through the INGUINAL CANAL to the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.

Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.

Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.

Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.

Temporomandibular Joint: An articulation between the condyle of the mandible and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone.

Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.

Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Tetralogy of Fallot: A combination of congenital heart defects consisting of four key features including VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS; PULMONARY STENOSIS; RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY; and a dextro-positioned AORTA. In this condition, blood from both ventricles (oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor) is pumped into the body often causing CYANOSIS.

Thumb: The first digit on the radial side of the hand which in humans lies opposite the other four.

Thymus Gland: A single, unpaired primary lymphoid organ situated in the MEDIASTINUM, extending superiorly into the neck to the lower edge of the THYROID GLAND and inferiorly to the fourth costal cartilage. It is necessary for normal development of immunologic function early in life. By puberty, it begins to involute and much of the tissue is replaced by fat.

Toes: Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.

Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.

Tonic Pupil: A pupillary abnormality characterized by a poor pupillary light reaction, reduced accommodation, iris sector palsies, an enhanced pupillary response to near effort that results in a prolonged, "tonic" constriction, and slow pupillary redilation. This condition is associated with injury to the postganglionic parasympathetic innervation to the pupil. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp492-500)

Ulna: The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.

Umbilical Arteries: Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.

Upper Extremity: The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.

Urachus: An embryonic structure originating from the ALLANTOIS. It is a canal connecting the fetal URINARY BLADDER and the UMBILICUS. It is normally converted into a fibrous cord postnatally. When the canal fails to be filled and remains open (patent urachus), urine leaks through the umbilicus.

Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.

Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.

Urinary Tract: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.

Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Uvula: A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Vas Deferens: The excretory duct of the testes that carries SPERMATOZOA. It rises from the SCROTUM and joins the SEMINAL VESICLES to form the ejaculatory duct.

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Vitelline Duct: The narrow tube connecting the YOLK SAC with the midgut of the EMBRYO; persistence of all or part of it in post-fetal life produces abnormalities, of which the commonest is MECKEL DIVERTICULUM.

Vulva: The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.

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