2024 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code R48.8
Other symbolic dysfunctions
The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:
- Aphasia-angular gyrus syndrome
- Aphasia-left parietal lobe syndrome
- Instrumental amusia
- Motor amusia
- Spatial disorientation
- Symbolic dysfunction
- Symbolic dysfunction
- Vocal motor amusia
- Agraphia-. loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. this condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies aphasia. (from adams et al., principles of neurology, 6th ed, p485; apa, thesaurus of psychological index terms, 1994)
- Alexia, Pure-. loss of the power to comprehend written materials despite preservation of the ability to write (i.e., alexia without agraphia). this condition is generally attributed to lesions that "disconnect" the visual cortex of the non-dominant hemisphere from language centers in the dominant hemisphere. this may occur when a dominant visual cortex injury is combined with underlying white matter lesions that involve crossing fibers from the occipital lobe of the opposite hemisphere. (from adams et al., principles of neurology, 6th ed, p483)
- Dyscalculia-. impaired ability in numerical concepts. these inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., gerstmann syndrome ) or acquired due to brain damage.
- Echolalia-. involuntary ("parrot-like"), meaningless repetition of a recently heard word, phrase, or song. this condition may be associated with transcortical aphasia; schizophrenia; or other disorders. (from adams et al., principles of neurology, 6th ed, p485)
- Gerstmann Syndrome-. a disorder of cognition characterized by the tetrad of finger agnosia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, and right-left disorientation. the syndrome may be developmental or acquired. acquired gerstmann syndrome is associated with lesions in the dominant (usually left) parietal lobe which involve the angular gyrus or subjacent white matter. (from adams et al., principles of neurology, 6th ed, p457)
- Dyscalculia-. a wide group of related learning disorders characterized by difficulties with mathematics and manipulating numbers; the difficulty with math may be caused or exacerbated by visuo-spatial or language processing difficulties.
- Echolalia-. a symptom of neurologic or psychiatric dysfunction in which the individual involuntarily and meaninglessly repeats a recently heard word, series of words, or a song.
Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries
The following annotation back-references are applicable to this diagnosis code. The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10-CM codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with coding notes and guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more.
Inclusion TermsInclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
Index to Diseases and Injuries References
The following annotation back-references for this diagnosis code are found in the injuries and diseases index. The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10-CM code(s).
- - Abolition, language - R48.8
- - Acalculia - R48.8
- - Agrammatism - R48.8
- - Agraphia (absolute) - R48.8
- - Amimia - R48.8
- - Amusia - R48.8
- - Anomia - R48.8
- - Asymbolia - R48.8
- - Bianchi's syndrome - R48.8
- - Deafness (acquired) (complete) (hereditary) (partial) - H91.9
- - mental - R48.8
- - Dyscalculia - R48.8
- - Echolalia - R48.8
- - Gerstmann's syndrome - R48.8
- - Palilalia - R48.8
- - Perseveration (tonic) - R48.8
Convert to ICD-9-CM Code
|Source ICD-10-CM Code||Target ICD-9-CM Code|
|R48.8||784.69 - Symbolic dysfunction NEC|
|Approximate Flag - The approximate mapping means there is not an exact match between the ICD-10 and ICD-9 codes and the mapped code is not a precise representation of the original code.|
What are mental disorders?
Mental disorders (or mental illnesses) are conditions that affect your thinking, feeling, mood, and behavior. They may be occasional or long-lasting (chronic). They can affect your ability to relate to others and function each day.
What are some types of mental disorders?
There are many different types of mental disorders. Some common ones include:
- Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and phobias
- Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood disorders
- Eating disorders
- Personality disorders
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia
What causes mental disorders?
There is no single cause for mental illness. A number of factors can contribute to risk for mental illness, such as:
- Your genes and family history
- Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, especially if they happen in childhood
- Biological factors such as chemical imbalances in the brain
- A traumatic brain injury
- A mother's exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant
- Use of alcohol or recreational drugs
- Having a serious medical condition like cancer
- Having few friends, and feeling lonely or isolated
Mental disorders are not caused by character flaws. They have nothing to do with being lazy or weak.
Who is at risk for mental disorders?
Mental disorders are common. More than half of all Americans will be diagnosed with a mental disorder at some time in their life.
How are mental disorders diagnosed?
The steps to getting a diagnosis include:
- A medical history
- A physical exam and possibly lab tests, if your provider thinks that other medical conditions could be causing your symptoms
- A psychological evaluation. You will answer questions about your thinking, feelings, and behaviors.
What are the treatments for mental disorders?
Treatment depends on which mental disorder you have and how serious it is. You and your provider will work on a treatment plan just for you. It usually involves some type of therapy. You may also take medicines. Some people also need social support and education on managing their condition.
In some cases, you may need more intensive treatment. You may need to go to a psychiatric hospital. This could be because your mental illness is severe. Or it could be because you are at risk of hurting yourself or someone else. In the hospital, you will get counseling, group discussions, and activities with mental health professionals and other patients.
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