Ataxia, ataxy, ataxic

  • Ataxia, ataxy, ataxic - R27.0 Ataxia, unspecified
    • acute - R27.8 Other lack of coordination
    • brain (hereditary) - G11.9 Hereditary ataxia, unspecified
    • cerebellar (hereditary) - G11.9 Hereditary ataxia, unspecified
      • alcoholic - G31.2 Degeneration of nervous system due to alcohol
      • early-onset - G11.1 Early-onset cerebellar ataxia
      • in
        • alcoholism - G31.2 Degeneration of nervous system due to alcohol
        • myxedema - E03.9 Hypothyroidism, unspecified
        • neoplastic disease - See Also: Neoplasm; - D49.9 Neoplasm of unspecified behavior of unspecified site
        • specified disease NEC - G32.81 Cerebellar ataxia in diseases classified elsewhere
      • late-onset (Marie's) - G11.2 Late-onset cerebellar ataxia
      • with defective DNA repair - G11.3 Cerebellar ataxia with defective DNA repair
    • cerebral (hereditary) - G11.9 Hereditary ataxia, unspecified
    • congenital nonprogressive - G11.0 Congenital nonprogressive ataxia
    • family, familial - See: Ataxia, hereditary;
    • following
      • cerebrovascular disease - I69.993 Ataxia following unspecified cerebrovascular disease
        • cerebral infarction - I69.393 Ataxia following cerebral infarction
        • intracerebral hemorrhage - I69.193 Ataxia following nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage
        • nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage NEC - I69.293 Ataxia following other nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage
        • specified disease NEC - I69.893 Ataxia following other cerebrovascular disease
        • subarachnoid hemorrhage - I69.093 Ataxia following nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage
    • Friedreich's (heredofamilial) (cerebellar) (spinal) - G11.1 Early-onset cerebellar ataxia
    • gait - R26.0 Ataxic gait
      • hysterical - F44.4 Conversion disorder with motor symptom or deficit
    • general - R27.8 Other lack of coordination
    • gluten - M35.9 Systemic involvement of connective tissue, unspecified
      • with celiac disease - K90.0 Celiac disease
    • hereditary - G11.9 Hereditary ataxia, unspecified
      • cerebellar - See: Ataxia, cerebellar;
      • spastic - G11.4 Hereditary spastic paraplegia
      • specified NEC - G11.8 Other hereditary ataxias
      • spinal (Friedreich's) - G11.1 Early-onset cerebellar ataxia
      • with neuropathy - G60.2 Neuropathy in association with hereditary ataxia
    • heredofamilial - See: Ataxia, hereditary;
    • Hunt's - G11.1 Early-onset cerebellar ataxia
    • hysterical - F44.4 Conversion disorder with motor symptom or deficit
    • locomotor (progressive) (syphilitic) (partial) (spastic) - A52.11 Tabes dorsalis
      • diabetic - See: Diabetes, ataxia;
    • Marie's (cerebellar) (heredofamilial) (late- onset) - G11.2 Late-onset cerebellar ataxia
    • nonorganic origin - F44.4 Conversion disorder with motor symptom or deficit
    • nonprogressive, congenital - G11.0 Congenital nonprogressive ataxia
    • psychogenic - F44.4 Conversion disorder with motor symptom or deficit
    • Roussy-Lévy - G60.0 Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy
    • Sanger-Brown's (hereditary) - G11.2 Late-onset cerebellar ataxia
    • spastic hereditary - G11.4 Hereditary spastic paraplegia
    • spinal
      • hereditary (Friedreich's) - G11.1 Early-onset cerebellar ataxia
      • progressive (syphilitic) - A52.11 Tabes dorsalis
    • spinocerebellar, X-linked recessive - G11.1 Early-onset cerebellar ataxia
    • telangiectasia (Louis-Bar) - G11.3 Cerebellar ataxia with defective DNA repair

Footnotes

Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.

Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

Cerebral Infarction: The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).

Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.

Gait: Manner or style of walking.

Myxedema: A condition characterized by a dry, waxy type of swelling (EDEMA) with abnormal deposits of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and other tissues. It is caused by a deficiency of THYROID HORMONES. The skin becomes puffy around the eyes and on the cheeks. The face is dull and expressionless with thickened nose and lips.

Muscle Spasticity: A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.

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