Abnormal, abnormality, abnormalities

Alphabetical Index

Use the alphabetical index for the main term abnormal, abnormality, abnormalities to review the available sub terms and properly select the ICD-10 code with the highest degree of specificity. Instructional notations will guide the coder with information such as "see", "see also", "with", "without", "due to", and "code by site".

  • Abnormal, abnormality, abnormalities - See Also: Anomaly;
    • acid-base balance (mixed) - E87.4 Mixed disorder of acid-base balance
    • albumin - R77.0 Abnormality of albumin
    • alphafetoprotein - R77.2 Abnormality of alphafetoprotein
    • alveolar ridge - K08.9 Disorder of teeth and supporting structures, unspecified
    • anatomical relationship - Q89.9 Congenital malformation, unspecified
    • apertures, congenital, diaphragm - Q79.1 Other congenital malformations of diaphragm
    • auditory perception - H93.29 Other abnormal auditory perceptions
    • autosomes - Q99.9 Chromosomal abnormality, unspecified
    • basal metabolic rate - R94.8 Abnormal results of function studies of other organs and systems
    • biosynthesis, testicular androgen - E29.1 Testicular hypofunction
    • bleeding time - R79.1 Abnormal coagulation profile
    • blood level (of)
    • blood pressure
    • blood sugar - R73.09 Other abnormal glucose
    • blood-gas level - R79.81 Abnormal blood-gas level
    • bowel sounds - R19.15 Other abnormal bowel sounds
    • brain scan - R94.02 Abnormal brain scan
    • breathing - R06.9 Unspecified abnormalities of breathing
    • caloric test - R94.138 Abnormal results of other function studies of peripheral nervous system
    • cerebrospinal fluid - R83.9 Unspecified abnormal finding in cerebrospinal fluid
    • chemistry, blood - R79.9 Abnormal finding of blood chemistry, unspecified
    • chest sounds (friction) (rales) - R09.89 Other specified symptoms and signs involving the circulatory and respiratory systems
    • chromosome, chromosomal - Q99.9 Chromosomal abnormality, unspecified
      • analysis result - R89.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • dicentric replacement - Q93.2 Chromosome replaced with ring, dicentric or isochromosome
      • ring replacement - Q93.2 Chromosome replaced with ring, dicentric or isochromosome
      • sex - Q99.8 Other specified chromosome abnormalities
      • specified NEC - Q99.8 Other specified chromosome abnormalities
      • with more than three X chromosomes, female - Q97.1 Female with more than three X chromosomes
    • clinical findings NEC - R68.89 Other general symptoms and signs
    • coagulation - D68.9 Coagulation defect, unspecified
      • newborn, transient - P61.6 Other transient neonatal disorders of coagulation
      • profile - R79.1 Abnormal coagulation profile
      • time - R79.1 Abnormal coagulation profile
    • communication - See: Fistula;
    • conjunctiva, vascular - H11.41 Vascular abnormalities of conjunctiva
    • coronary artery - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
    • cortisol-binding globulin - E27.8 Other specified disorders of adrenal gland
    • course, eustachian tube - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
    • creatinine clearance - R94.4 Abnormal results of kidney function studies
    • cytology
      • anus - R85.619 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from anus
        • atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) - R85.611 Atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of anus (ASC-H)
        • atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) - R85.610 Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance on cytologic smear of anus (ASC-US)
        • cytologic evidence of malignancy - R85.614 Cytologic evidence of malignancy on smear of anus
        • high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HGSIL) - R85.613 High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of anus (HGSIL)
        • human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test
          • high risk positive - R85.81 Anal high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
          • low risk postive - R85.82 Anal low risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
        • inadequate smear - R85.615 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of anus
        • low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LGSIL) - R85.612 Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of anus (LGSIL)
        • satisfactory anal smear but lacking transformation zone - R85.616 Satisfactory anal smear but lacking transformation zone
        • specified NEC - R85.618 Other abnormal cytological findings on specimens from anus
        • unsatisfactory smear - R85.615 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of anus
      • female genital organs - See: Abnormal, Papanicolaou (smear);
    • dark adaptation curve - H53.61 Abnormal dark adaptation curve
      • diplacusis - See: Diplacusis;
      • hyperacusis - See: Hyperacusis;
      • recruitment - See: Recruitment, auditory;
      • threshold shift - See: Shift, auditory threshold;
    • dentofacial NEC - See: Anomaly, dentofacial;
    • development, developmental - Q89.9 Congenital malformation, unspecified
      • central nervous system - Q07.9 Congenital malformation of nervous system, unspecified
    • diagnostic imaging
      • abdomen, abdominal region NEC - R93.5 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other abdominal regions, including retroperitoneum
      • biliary tract - R93.2 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of liver and biliary tract
      • bladder - R93.41 Abnormal radiologic findings on diagnostic imaging of renal pelvis, ureter, or bladder
      • breast - R92.8 Other abnormal and inconclusive findings on diagnostic imaging of breast
      • central nervous system NEC - R90.89 Other abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of central nervous system
      • cerebrovascular NEC - R90.89 Other abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of central nervous system
      • coronary circulation - R93.1 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of heart and coronary circulation
      • digestive tract NEC - R93.3 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other parts of digestive tract
      • gastrointestinal (tract) - R93.3 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other parts of digestive tract
      • genitourinary organs - R93.89 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other specified body structures
      • head - R93.0 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of skull and head, not elsewhere classified
      • heart - R93.1 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of heart and coronary circulation
      • intrathoracic organ NEC - R93.89 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other specified body structures
      • kidney - R93.42 Abnormal radiologic findings on diagnostic imaging of kidney
      • limbs - R93.6 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of limbs
      • liver - R93.2 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of liver and biliary tract
      • lung (field) - R91.8 Other nonspecific abnormal finding of lung field
      • musculoskeletal system NEC - R93.7 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other parts of musculoskeletal system
      • renal pelvis - R93.41 Abnormal radiologic findings on diagnostic imaging of renal pelvis, ureter, or bladder
      • retroperitoneum - R93.5 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other abdominal regions, including retroperitoneum
      • site specified NEC - R93.89 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other specified body structures
      • skin and subcutaneous tissue - R93.89 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other specified body structures
      • skull - R93.09
      • testis - R93.81 Abnormal radiologic findings on diagnostic imaging of testis
      • ureter - R93.41 Abnormal radiologic findings on diagnostic imaging of renal pelvis, ureter, or bladder
      • urinary organs specified NEC - R93.49 Abnormal radiologic findings on diagnostic imaging of other urinary organs
    • direction, teeth, fully erupted - M26.30 Unspecified anomaly of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
    • ear ossicles, acquired NEC - H74.39 Other acquired abnormalities of ear ossicles
      • ankylosis - See: Ankylosis, ear ossicles;
      • discontinuity - See: Discontinuity, ossicles, ear;
      • partial loss - See: Loss, ossicles, ear (partial);
    • Ebstein - Q22.5 Ebstein's anomaly
    • echocardiogram - R93.1 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of heart and coronary circulation
    • echoencephalogram - R90.81 Abnormal echoencephalogram
    • echogram - See: Abnormal, diagnostic imaging;
    • electrocardiogram [ECG] [EKG] - R94.31 Abnormal electrocardiogram [ECG] [EKG]
    • electroencephalogram [EEG] - R94.01 Abnormal electroencephalogram [EEG]
    • electrolyte - See: Imbalance, electrolyte;
    • electromyogram [EMG] - R94.131 Abnormal electromyogram [EMG]
    • electro-oculogram [EOG] - R94.110 Abnormal electro-oculogram [EOG]
    • electrophysiological intracardiac studies - R94.39 Abnormal result of other cardiovascular function study
    • electroretinogram [ERG] - R94.111 Abnormal electroretinogram [ERG]
    • erythrocytes
      • congenital, with perinatal jaundice - D58.9 Hereditary hemolytic anemia, unspecified
    • feces (color) (contents) (mucus) - R19.5 Other fecal abnormalities
    • finding - See: Findings, abnormal, without diagnosis;
    • fluid
      • amniotic - See: Abnormal, specimen, specified;
      • cerebrospinal - See: Abnormal, cerebrospinal fluid;
      • peritoneal - See: Abnormal, specimen, digestive organs;
      • pleural - See: Abnormal, specimen, respiratory organs;
      • synovial - See: Abnormal, specimen, specified;
      • thorax (bronchial washings) (pleural fluid) - See: Abnormal, specimen, respiratory organs;
      • vaginal - See: Abnormal, specimen, female genital organs;
    • form
      • teeth - K00.2 Abnormalities of size and form of teeth
      • uterus - See: Anomaly, uterus;
    • function studies
      • auditory - R94.120 Abnormal auditory function study
      • bladder - R94.8 Abnormal results of function studies of other organs and systems
      • brain - R94.09 Abnormal results of other function studies of central nervous system
      • cardiovascular - R94.30 Abnormal result of cardiovascular function study, unspecified
      • ear - R94.128 Abnormal results of other function studies of ear and other special senses
      • endocrine NEC - R94.7 Abnormal results of other endocrine function studies
      • eye NEC - R94.118 Abnormal results of other function studies of eye
      • kidney - R94.4 Abnormal results of kidney function studies
      • liver - R94.5 Abnormal results of liver function studies
      • nervous system
        • central NEC - R94.09 Abnormal results of other function studies of central nervous system
        • peripheral NEC - R94.138 Abnormal results of other function studies of peripheral nervous system
      • pancreas - R94.8 Abnormal results of function studies of other organs and systems
      • placenta - R94.8 Abnormal results of function studies of other organs and systems
      • pulmonary - R94.2 Abnormal results of pulmonary function studies
      • special senses NEC - R94.128 Abnormal results of other function studies of ear and other special senses
      • spleen - R94.8 Abnormal results of function studies of other organs and systems
      • thyroid - R94.6 Abnormal results of thyroid function studies
      • vestibular - R94.121 Abnormal vestibular function study
    • gait - See: Gait;
      • hysterical - F44.4 Conversion disorder with motor symptom or deficit
    • gastrin secretion - E16.4 Increased secretion of gastrin
    • globulin - R77.1 Abnormality of globulin
      • cortisol-binding - E27.8 Other specified disorders of adrenal gland
      • thyroid-binding - E07.89 Other specified disorders of thyroid
    • glomerular, minor - See Also: N00-N07 with fourth character .0; - N05.0 Unspecified nephritic syndrome with minor glomerular abnormality
    • glucagon secretion - E16.3 Increased secretion of glucagon
    • glucose tolerance (test) (non-fasting) - R73.09 Other abnormal glucose
    • gravitational (G) forces or states (effect of) - T75.81 Effects of abnormal gravitation [G] forces
    • hair (color) (shaft) - L67.9 Hair color and hair shaft abnormality, unspecified
      • specified NEC - L67.8 Other hair color and hair shaft abnormalities
    • hard tissue formation in pulp (dental) - K04.3 Abnormal hard tissue formation in pulp
    • head movement - R25.0 Abnormal head movements
    • heart
      • rate - R00.9 Unspecified abnormalities of heart beat
        • specified NEC - R00.8 Other abnormalities of heart beat
      • shadow - R93.1 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of heart and coronary circulation
      • sounds NEC - R01.2 Other cardiac sounds
    • hemoglobin (disease) - See Also: Disease, hemoglobin; - D58.2 Other hemoglobinopathies
      • trait - See: Trait, hemoglobin, abnormal;
    • histology NEC - R89.7 Abnormal histological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • fragile site - Q95.5 Individual with autosomal fragile site
    • immunological findings - R89.4 Abnormal immunological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • in serum - R76.9 Abnormal immunological finding in serum, unspecified
        • specified NEC - R76.8 Other specified abnormal immunological findings in serum
    • increase in appetite - R63.2 Polyphagia
    • involuntary movement - See: Abnormal, movement, involuntary;
    • jaw closure - M26.51 Abnormal jaw closure
    • karyotype - R89.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
    • kidney function test - R94.4 Abnormal results of kidney function studies
    • knee jerk - R29.2 Abnormal reflex
    • leukocyte (cell) (differential) NEC - D72.9 Disorder of white blood cells, unspecified
    • liver function test - R94.5 Abnormal results of liver function studies
    • loss of
      • height - R29.890 Loss of height
      • weight - R63.4 Abnormal weight loss
    • mammogram NEC - R92.8 Other abnormal and inconclusive findings on diagnostic imaging of breast
      • calcification (calculus) - R92.1 Mammographic calcification found on diagnostic imaging of breast
      • microcalcification - R92.0 Mammographic microcalcification found on diagnostic imaging of breast
    • Mantoux test - R76.11 Nonspecific reaction to tuberculin skin test without active tuberculosis
    • movement (disorder) - See Also: Disorder, movement;
      • head - R25.0 Abnormal head movements
      • involuntary - R25.9 Unspecified abnormal involuntary movements
        • fasciculation - R25.3 Fasciculation
        • of head - R25.0 Abnormal head movements
        • spasm - R25.2 Cramp and spasm
        • specified type NEC - R25.8 Other abnormal involuntary movements
        • tremor - R25.1 Tremor, unspecified
    • myoglobin (Aberdeen) (Annapolis) - R89.7 Abnormal histological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
    • neonatal screening - P09 Abnormal findings on neonatal screening
    • oculomotor study - R94.113 Abnormal oculomotor study
    • palmar creases - Q82.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skin
    • Papanicolaou (smear)
      • anus - R85.619 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from anus
        • atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) - R85.611 Atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of anus (ASC-H)
        • atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) - R85.610 Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance on cytologic smear of anus (ASC-US)
        • cytologic evidence of malignancy - R85.614 Cytologic evidence of malignancy on smear of anus
        • high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HGSIL) - R85.613 High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of anus (HGSIL)
        • human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test
          • high risk positive - R85.81 Anal high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
          • low risk postive - R85.82 Anal low risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
        • inadequate smear - R85.615 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of anus
        • low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LGSIL) - R85.612 Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of anus (LGSIL)
        • satisfactory anal smear but lacking transformation zone - R85.616 Satisfactory anal smear but lacking transformation zone
        • specified NEC - R85.618 Other abnormal cytological findings on specimens from anus
        • unsatisfactory smear - R85.615 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of anus
      • bronchial washings - R84.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • cerebrospinal fluid - R83.6 Abnormal cytological findings in cerebrospinal fluid
      • cervix - R87.619 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from cervix uteri
        • atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) - R87.611 Atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of cervix (ASC-H)
        • atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) - R87.610 Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance on cytologic smear of cervix (ASC-US)
        • cytologic evidence of malignancy - R87.614 Cytologic evidence of malignancy on smear of cervix
        • high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HGSIL) - R87.613 High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of cervix (HGSIL)
        • inadequate smear - R87.615 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of cervix
        • low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LGSIL) - R87.612 Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of cervix (LGSIL)
        • non-atypical endometrial cells - R87.618 Other abnormal cytological findings on specimens from cervix uteri
        • satisfactory cervical smear but lacking transformation zone - R87.616 Satisfactory cervical smear but lacking transformation zone
        • specified NEC - R87.618 Other abnormal cytological findings on specimens from cervix uteri
        • thin preparaton - R87.619 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from cervix uteri
        • unsatisfactory smear - R87.615 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of cervix
      • nasal secretions - R84.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • nipple discharge - R89.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • peritoneal fluid - R85.69 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other digestive organs and abdominal cavity
      • pleural fluid - R84.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • prostatic secretions - R86.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from male genital organs
      • saliva - R85.69 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other digestive organs and abdominal cavity
      • seminal fluid - R86.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from male genital organs
      • sites NEC - R89.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • sputum - R84.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • synovial fluid - R89.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • throat scrapings - R84.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • vagina - R87.629 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from vagina
        • atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) - R87.621 Atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of vagina (ASC-H)
        • atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) - R87.620 Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance on cytologic smear of vagina (ASC-US)
        • cytologic evidence of malignancy - R87.624 Cytologic evidence of malignancy on smear of vagina
        • high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HGSIL) - R87.623 High grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of vagina (HGSIL)
        • inadequate smear - R87.625 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of vagina
        • low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LGSIL) - R87.622 Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cytologic smear of vagina (LGSIL)
        • specified NEC - R87.628 Other abnormal cytological findings on specimens from vagina
        • thin preparation - R87.629 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from vagina
        • unsatisfactory smear - R87.625 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of vagina
      • vulva - R87.69 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other female genital organs
      • wound secretions - R89.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
    • partial thromboplastin time (PTT) - R79.1 Abnormal coagulation profile
    • pelvis (bony) - See: Deformity, pelvis;
    • percussion, chest (tympany) - R09.89 Other specified symptoms and signs involving the circulatory and respiratory systems
    • periods (grossly) - See: Menstruation;
    • phonocardiogram - R94.39 Abnormal result of other cardiovascular function study
    • plantar reflex - R29.2 Abnormal reflex
    • plasma
      • protein - R77.9 Abnormality of plasma protein, unspecified
        • specified NEC - R77.8 Other specified abnormalities of plasma proteins
      • viscosity - R70.1 Abnormal plasma viscosity
    • pleural (folds) - Q34.0 Anomaly of pleura
    • posture - R29.3 Abnormal posture
    • product of conception - O02.9 Abnormal product of conception, unspecified
      • specified type NEC - O02.89 Other abnormal products of conception
    • prothrombin time (PT) - R79.1 Abnormal coagulation profile
    • pulmonary
      • artery, congenital - Q25.79 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary artery
      • function, newborn - P28.89 Other specified respiratory conditions of newborn
      • test results - R94.2 Abnormal results of pulmonary function studies
    • pulsations in neck - R00.2 Palpitations
    • pupillary - H21.56 Pupillary abnormalities
      • function (reaction) (reflex) - See: Anomaly, pupil, function;
    • radiological examination - See: Abnormal, diagnostic imaging;
    • red blood cell (s) (morphology) (volume) - R71.8 Other abnormality of red blood cells
    • reflex - See: Reflex;
    • renal function test - R94.4 Abnormal results of kidney function studies
    • response to nerve stimulation - R94.130 Abnormal response to nerve stimulation, unspecified
      • female phenotype - Q97.9 Sex chromosome abnormality, female phenotype, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q97.8 Other specified sex chromosome abnormalities, female phenotype
      • male phenotype - Q98.9 Sex chromosome abnormality, male phenotype, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q98.8 Other specified sex chromosome abnormalities, male phenotype
      • structural male - Q98.6 Male with structurally abnormal sex chromosome
    • retinal correspondence - H53.31 Abnormal retinal correspondence
    • retinal function study - R94.111 Abnormal electroretinogram [ERG]
      • bronchial washings - R84.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • cerebrospinal fluid - R83.8 Other abnormal findings in cerebrospinal fluid
      • cervix uteri NEC - R87.89 Other abnormal findings in specimens from female genital organs
      • nasal secretions - R84.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • nipple discharge - R89.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • peritoneal fluid - R85.89 Other abnormal findings in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
      • pleural fluid - R84.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • prostatic secretions - R86.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from male genital organs
      • saliva - R85.89 Other abnormal findings in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
      • seminal fluid - R86.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from male genital organs
      • sputum - R84.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • synovial fluid - R89.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • throat scrapings - R84.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • vagina - R87.89 Other abnormal findings in specimens from female genital organs
      • vulva - R87.89 Other abnormal findings in specimens from female genital organs
      • wound secretions - R89.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
    • rhythm, heart - See Also: Arrhythmia;
    • saliva - See: Abnormal, specimen, digestive organs;
    • scan
      • kidney - R94.4 Abnormal results of kidney function studies
      • liver - R93.2 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of liver and biliary tract
      • thyroid - R94.6 Abnormal results of thyroid function studies
    • secretion
      • gastrin - E16.4 Increased secretion of gastrin
      • glucagon - E16.3 Increased secretion of glucagon
    • semen, seminal fluid - See: Abnormal, specimen, male genital organs;
    • serum level (of)
      • acid phosphatase - R74.8 Abnormal levels of other serum enzymes
      • alkaline phosphatase - R74.8 Abnormal levels of other serum enzymes
      • amylase - R74.8 Abnormal levels of other serum enzymes
      • enzymes - R74.9 Abnormal serum enzyme level, unspecified
        • specified NEC - R74.8 Abnormal levels of other serum enzymes
      • lipase - R74.8 Abnormal levels of other serum enzymes
      • triacylglycerol lipase - R74.8 Abnormal levels of other serum enzymes
    • shape
      • gravid uterus - See: Anomaly, uterus;
    • sinus venosus - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
    • size, tooth, teeth - K00.2 Abnormalities of size and form of teeth
    • spacing, tooth, teeth, fully erupted - M26.30 Unspecified anomaly of tooth position of fully erupted tooth or teeth
      • C-reactive protein - R79.82 Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP)
      • drugs - See: Findings, abnormal, in blood;
      • gas level - R79.81 Abnormal blood-gas level
      • minerals - R79.0 Abnormal level of blood mineral
      • pancytopenia - D61.818 Other pancytopenia
      • PTT - R79.1 Abnormal coagulation profile
      • specified NEC - R79.89 Other specified abnormal findings of blood chemistry
      • toxins - See: Findings, abnormal, in blood;
    • specimen
      • digestive organs (peritoneal fluid) (saliva) - R85.9 Unspecified abnormal finding in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • cytology - R85.69 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • drug level - R85.2 Abnormal level of other drugs, medicaments and biological substances in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • enzyme level - R85.0 Abnormal level of enzymes in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • histology - R85.7 Abnormal histological findings in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • hormones - R85.1 Abnormal level of hormones in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • immunology - R85.4 Abnormal immunological findings in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • microbiology - R85.5 Abnormal microbiological findings in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • nonmedicinal level - R85.3 Abnormal level of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
        • specified type NEC - R85.89 Other abnormal findings in specimens from digestive organs and abdominal cavity
      • female genital organs (secretions) (smears) - R87.9 Unspecified abnormal finding in specimens from female genital organs
        • cytology - R87.69 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other female genital organs
          • cervix - R87.619 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from cervix uteri
            • human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test
              • high risk positive - R87.810 Cervical high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
              • low risk positive - R87.820 Cervical low risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
            • inadequate (unsatisfactory) smear - R87.615 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of cervix
            • non-atypical endometrial cells - R87.618 Other abnormal cytological findings on specimens from cervix uteri
            • specified NEC - R87.618 Other abnormal cytological findings on specimens from cervix uteri
          • vagina - R87.629 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from vagina
            • human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test
              • high risk positive - R87.811 Vaginal high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
              • low risk positive - R87.821 Vaginal low risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test positive
            • inadequate (unsatisfactory) smear - R87.625 Unsatisfactory cytologic smear of vagina
          • vulva - R87.69 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other female genital organs
        • drug level - R87.2 Abnormal level of other drugs, medicaments and biological substances in specimens from female genital organs
        • enzyme level - R87.0 Abnormal level of enzymes in specimens from female genital organs
        • histological - R87.7 Abnormal histological findings in specimens from female genital organs
        • hormones - R87.1 Abnormal level of hormones in specimens from female genital organs
        • immunology - R87.4 Abnormal immunological findings in specimens from female genital organs
        • microbiology - R87.5 Abnormal microbiological findings in specimens from female genital organs
        • nonmedicinal level - R87.3 Abnormal level of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source in specimens from female genital organs
        • specified type NEC - R87.89 Other abnormal findings in specimens from female genital organs
      • male genital organs (prostatic secretions) (semen) - R86.9 Unspecified abnormal finding in specimens from male genital organs
        • cytology - R86.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from male genital organs
        • drug level - R86.2 Abnormal level of other drugs, medicaments and biological substances in specimens from male genital organs
        • enzyme level - R86.0 Abnormal level of enzymes in specimens from male genital organs
        • histological - R86.7 Abnormal histological findings in specimens from male genital organs
        • hormones - R86.1 Abnormal level of hormones in specimens from male genital organs
        • immunology - R86.4 Abnormal immunological findings in specimens from male genital organs
        • microbiology - R86.5 Abnormal microbiological findings in specimens from male genital organs
        • nonmedicinal level - R86.3 Abnormal level of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source in specimens from male genital organs
        • specified type NEC - R86.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from male genital organs
      • nipple discharge - See: Abnormal, specimen, specified;
      • respiratory organs (bronchial washings) (nasal secretions) (pleural fluid) (sputum) - R84.9 Unspecified abnormal finding in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • cytology - R84.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • drug level - R84.2 Abnormal level of other drugs, medicaments and biological substances in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • enzyme level - R84.0 Abnormal level of enzymes in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • histology - R84.7 Abnormal histological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • hormones - R84.1 Abnormal level of hormones in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • immunology - R84.4 Abnormal immunological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • microbiology - R84.5 Abnormal microbiological findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • nonmedicinal level - R84.3 Abnormal level of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
        • specified type NEC - R84.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from respiratory organs and thorax
      • specified organ, system and tissue NOS - R89.9 Unspecified abnormal finding in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • cytology - R89.6 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • drug level - R89.2 Abnormal level of other drugs, medicaments and biological substances in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • enzyme level - R89.0 Abnormal level of enzymes in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • histology - R89.7 Abnormal histological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • hormones - R89.1 Abnormal level of hormones in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • immunology - R89.4 Abnormal immunological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • microbiology - R89.5 Abnormal microbiological findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • nonmedicinal level - R89.3 Abnormal level of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
        • specified type NEC - R89.8 Other abnormal findings in specimens from other organs, systems and tissues
      • synovial fluid - See: Abnormal, specimen, specified;
      • thorax (bronchial washings) (pleural fluids) - See: Abnormal, specimen, respiratory organs;
      • vagina (secretion) (smear) - R87.629 Unspecified abnormal cytological findings in specimens from vagina
      • vulva (secretion) (smear) - R87.69 Abnormal cytological findings in specimens from other female genital organs
      • wound secretion - See: Abnormal, specimen, specified;
    • spermatozoa - See: Abnormal, specimen, male genital organs;
    • sputum (amount) (color) (odor) - R09.3 Abnormal sputum
    • stool (color) (contents) (mucus) - R19.5 Other fecal abnormalities
      • bloody - K92.1 Melena
      • guaiac positive - R19.5 Other fecal abnormalities
    • synchondrosis - Q78.8 Other specified osteochondrodysplasias
    • thermography - See Also: Abnormal, diagnostic imaging; - R93.89 Abnormal findings on diagnostic imaging of other specified body structures
    • thyroid-binding globulin - E07.89 Other specified disorders of thyroid
    • tooth, teeth (form) (size) - K00.2 Abnormalities of size and form of teeth
    • toxicology (findings) - R78.9 Finding of unspecified substance, not normally found in blood
    • transport protein - E88.09 Other disorders of plasma-protein metabolism, not elsewhere classified
      • elevated - R03.0 Elevated blood-pressure reading, without diagnosis of hypertension
      • low reading (nonspecific) - R03.1 Nonspecific low blood-pressure reading
    • tumor marker NEC - R97.8 Other abnormal tumor markers
    • ultrasound results - See: Abnormal, diagnostic imaging;
    • umbilical cord complicating delivery - O69.9 Labor and delivery complicated by cord complication, unspecified
    • urination NEC - R39.198 Other difficulties with micturition
      • absent - R19.11 Absent bowel sounds
      • hyperactive - R19.12 Hyperactive bowel sounds
    • urine (constituents) - R82.90 Unspecified abnormal findings in urine
      • cytology - R83.6 Abnormal cytological findings in cerebrospinal fluid
        • bile - R82.2 Biliuria
        • cytological examination - R82.89 Other abnormal findings on cytological and histological examination of urine
        • drugs - R82.5 Elevated urine levels of drugs, medicaments and biological substances
        • fat - R82.0 Chyluria
        • glucose - R81 Glycosuria
        • heavy metals - R82.6 Abnormal urine levels of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source
        • hemoglobin - R82.3 Hemoglobinuria
        • histological examination - R82.89 Other abnormal findings on cytological and histological examination of urine
        • ketones - R82.4 Acetonuria
        • microbiological examination (culture) - R82.79 Other abnormal findings on microbiological examination of urine
        • myoglobin - R82.1 Myoglobinuria
        • positive culture - R82.79 Other abnormal findings on microbiological examination of urine
        • protein - See: Proteinuria;
        • specified substance NEC - R82.998 Other abnormal findings in urine
          • chromoabnormality NEC - R82.91 Other chromoabnormalities of urine
        • substances nonmedical - R82.6 Abnormal urine levels of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source
      • drug level - R83.2 Abnormal level of other drugs, medicaments and biological substances in cerebrospinal fluid
      • enzyme level - R83.0 Abnormal level of enzymes in cerebrospinal fluid
      • hormones - R83.1 Abnormal level of hormones in cerebrospinal fluid
      • immunology - R83.4 Abnormal immunological findings in cerebrospinal fluid
      • microbiology - R83.5 Abnormal microbiological findings in cerebrospinal fluid
      • nonmedicinal level - R83.3 Abnormal level of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source in cerebrospinal fluid
      • specified type NEC - R83.8 Other abnormal findings in cerebrospinal fluid
    • uterine hemorrhage - See: Hemorrhage, uterus;
    • vectorcardiogram - R94.39 Abnormal result of other cardiovascular function study
    • visually evoked potential (VEP) - R94.112 Abnormal visually evoked potential [VEP]
    • white blood cells - D72.9 Disorder of white blood cells, unspecified
      • cobalt - R79.0 Abnormal level of blood mineral
        • specified NEC - D72.89 Other specified disorders of white blood cells
      • copper - R79.0 Abnormal level of blood mineral
      • iron - R79.0 Abnormal level of blood mineral
      • lithium - R78.89 Finding of other specified substances, not normally found in blood
      • magnesium - R79.0 Abnormal level of blood mineral
      • mineral NEC - R79.0 Abnormal level of blood mineral
      • zinc - R79.0 Abnormal level of blood mineral
    • X-ray examination - See: Abnormal, diagnostic imaging;

Clinical Terms

The following are some of the clinical term definitions related or applicable to abnormal, abnormality, abnormalities within the ICD-10 index for Diseases and Injuries.

Acid Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.2.

Alkaline Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.1.

Amylases: A group of amylolytic enzymes that cleave starch, glycogen, and related alpha-1,4-glucans. (Stedman, 25th ed) EC 3.2.1.-.

Ankylosis: Fixation and immobility of a joint.

Auditory Perception: The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.

Basal Metabolism: Metabolism (e.g., heat production) of an organism in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.

Bile: An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.

Biliary Tract: The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.

Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.

Central Nervous System: The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.

Cerebrospinal Fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the CHOROID PLEXUS and circulates around the surface of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and in the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.

Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.

Cobalt: A trace element that is a component of vitamin B12. It has the atomic symbol Co, atomic number 27, and atomic weight 58.93. It is used in nuclear weapons, alloys, and pigments. Deficiency in animals leads to anemia; its excess in humans can lead to erythrocytosis.

Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.

Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.

Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.

Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.

Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.

Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.

Enzymes: Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.

Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.

Fasciculation: Involuntary contraction of the muscle fibers innervated by a motor unit. Fasciculations may be visualized as a muscle twitch or dimpling under the skin, but usually do not generate sufficient force to move a limb. They may represent a benign condition or occur as a manifestation of MOTOR NEURON DISEASE or PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1294)

Form: Document used for acquiring particular information or for presenting particular information in a prescribed sequence and format, often with blank spaces or lines or other methods to prompt for insertion of the requested information.

Gait: Manner or style of walking.

Gastrins: A family of gastrointestinal peptide hormones that excite the secretion of GASTRIC JUICE. They may also occur in the central nervous system where they are presumed to be neurotransmitters.

Glucagon: A 29-amino acid pancreatic peptide derived from proglucagon which is also the precursor of intestinal GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDES. Glucagon is secreted by PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS and plays an important role in regulation of BLOOD GLUCOSE concentration, ketone metabolism, and several other biochemical and physiological processes. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1511)

Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.

Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.

Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.

Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.

Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.

Hormones: Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.

Hyperacusis: An abnormally disproportionate increase in the sensation of loudness in response to auditory stimuli of normal volume. COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; STAPES SURGERY; and other disorders may be associated with this condition.

Dyskinesias: Abnormal involuntary movements which primarily affect the extremities, trunk, or jaw that occur as a manifestation of an underlying disease process. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent episodes of dyskinesia as a primary manifestation of disease may be referred to as dyskinesia syndromes (see MOVEMENT DISORDERS). Dyskinesias are also a relatively common manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.

Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.

Karyotype: The full set of CHROMOSOMES presented as a systematized array of METAPHASE chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single CELL NUCLEUS arranged in pairs in descending order of size and according to the position of the CENTROMERE. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Ketones: Organic compounds containing a carbonyl group =C=O bonded to two hydrocarbon groups.

Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.

Lipase: An enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the reaction of triacylglycerol and water to yield diacylglycerol and a fatty acid anion. It is produced by glands on the tongue and by the pancreas and initiates the digestion of dietary fats. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 3.1.1.3.

Lithium: An element in the alkali metals family. It has the atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight [6.938; 6.997]. Salts of lithium are used in treating BIPOLAR DISORDER.

Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.

Liver Function Tests: Blood tests that are used to evaluate how well a patient's liver is working and also to help diagnose liver conditions.

Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.

Microbiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.

Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Myoglobin: A conjugated protein which is the oxygen-transporting pigment of muscle. It is made up of one globin polypeptide chain and one heme group.

Nervous System: The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)

Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.

Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).

Plasma: The residual portion of BLOOD that is left after removal of BLOOD CELLS by CENTRIFUGATION without prior BLOOD COAGULATION.

Posture: The position or physical attitude of the body.

Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.

Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.

Bodily Secretions: Endogenous substances produced through the activity of intact cells of glands, tissues, or organs.

Sex: The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.

Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

Spasm: An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.

Spermatozoa: Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.

Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.

Sputum: Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.

Synovial Fluid: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE. It contains mucin, albumin, fat, and mineral salts and serves to lubricate joints.

Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.

Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Thyroid Gland: A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.

Time: The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

Tremor: Cyclical movement of a body part that can represent either a physiologic process or a manifestation of disease. Intention or action tremor, a common manifestation of CEREBELLAR DISEASES, is aggravated by movement. In contrast, resting tremor is maximal when there is no attempt at voluntary movement, and occurs as a relatively frequent manifestation of PARKINSON DISEASE.

Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.

Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.

Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

Vulva: The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.

Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.