Diagnosis Code C21
Information for Medical Professionals
References found for the code C21 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:
- Type 2 Excludes Notes: Type 2 Excludes Notes
A type 2 Excludes note represents "Not included here". An excludes2 note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When an Excludes2 note appears under a code, it is acceptable to use both the code and the excluded code together, when appropriate.
- malignant carcinoid tumors of the colon (C7A.02-)
- malignant melanoma of anal margin (C43.51)
- malignant melanoma of anal skin (C43.51)
- malignant melanoma of perianal skin (C43.51)
- other and unspecified malignant neoplasm of anal margin (C44.500, C44.510, C44.520, C44.590)
- other and unspecified malignant neoplasm of anal skin (C44.500, C44.510, C44.520, C44.590)
- other and unspecified malignant neoplasm of perianal skin (C44.500, C44.510, C44.520, C44.590)
Information for Patients
The anus is where stool leaves your body when you go to the bathroom. It is made up of your outer layers of skin and the end of your large intestine. Anal cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the tissues of the anus.
Anal cancer is rare. It is more common in smokers and people over 50. You are also at higher risk if you have HPV, have anal sex, or have many sexual partners.
Symptoms include bleeding, pain, or lumps in the anal area. Anal itching and discharge can also be signs of anal cancer.
Doctors use tests that examine the anus to diagnose anal cancer. They include a physical exam, endoscopy, ultrasound, and biopsy.
Treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- After chemotherapy - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anal cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anoscopy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Pelvic (between the hips) radiation - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Understanding Chemotherapy - NIH - Easy-to-Read (National Cancer Institute)
- What to Know about External Beam Radiation Therapy - NIH - Easy-to-Read (National Cancer Institute)