ICD-10-CM Code R40.3

Persistent vegetative state

Version 2020 Billable Code No Valid Principal Dx

Valid for Submission

R40.3 is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of persistent vegetative state. The code is valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. The ICD-10-CM code R40.3 might also be used to specify conditions or terms like permanent vegetative state or persistent vegetative state.

According to ICD-10-CM guidelines this code should not to be used as a principal diagnosis code when a related definitive diagnosis has been established.

ICD-10:R40.3
Short Description:Persistent vegetative state
Long Description:Persistent vegetative state

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code R40.3 are found in the index:


Synonyms

The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Permanent vegetative state
  • Persistent vegetative state

Clinical Information

  • PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE-. vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage in whom physiologic functions sleep wake cycles autonomic control and breathing persist but awareness including all cognitive function and emotion is abolished.

Convert R40.3 to ICD-9

  • 780.03 - Persistent vegtv state

Code Classification

  • Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00–R99)
    • Symptoms and signs involving cognition, perception, emotional state and behavior (R40-R46)
      • Somnolence, stupor and coma (R40)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Coma

A coma is a deep state of unconsciousness. An individual in a coma is alive but unable to move or respond to his or her environment. Coma may occur as a complication of an underlying illness, or as a result of injuries, such as brain injury.

A coma rarely lasts more than 2 to 4 weeks. The outcome for coma depends on the cause, severity, and site of the damage. People may come out of a coma with physical, intellectual, and psychological problems. Some people may remain in a coma for years or even decades. For those people, the most common cause of death is infection, such as pneumonia.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


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