Symptoms and signs involving emotional state (R45)

Browse all the diagnosis codes used for symptoms and signs involving emotional state (r45). For easy navigation, the diagnosis codes are sorted in alphabetical order and grouped by sections. Each section is clearly marked with its description, and the corresponding three-digit code range. This format makes it simple to browse diagnosis codes in this chapter or section and find what you're looking for. We've also added green checkmark icons to label billable codes, and red warning icons for non-billable ones. This makes it easy to identify which codes can be billed.

Clinical Information

Anhedonia - Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).

Boredom - A psychological state resulting from any activity that lacks motivation, or from enforced continuance in an uninteresting situation.

Bullying - Aggressive behavior by a more powerful party that results in physical harm to or emotional distress of the victim.

Cri-du-Chat Syndrome - An infantile syndrome characterized by a cat-like cry, failure to thrive, microcephaly, MENTAL RETARDATION, spastic quadriparesis, micro- and retrognathia, glossoptosis, bilateral epicanthus, hypertelorism, and tiny external genitalia. It is caused by a deletion of the short arm of chromosome 5 (5p-).

Crying - To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.

Cyberbullying - Bullying that takes place over digital devices like cell phones and computers. It includes sending, posting, or sharing negative, harmful, false, or mean content about someone else. It can include sharing personal or private information about someone else causing embarrassment or humiliation. (from

Demoralization - Weakening of hope, courage, or confidence.

Euphoria - An exaggerated feeling of physical and emotional well-being not consonant with apparent stimuli or events; usually of psychologic origin, but also seen in organic brain disease and toxic states.

Hostility - Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.

Jealousy - An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and and self-criticism.

Occupational Stress - Adverse psychological and behavioral reactions caused by the pressures and demands of employers or clients or other factors, such as the physical environment of the workplace, WORKPLACE VIOLENCE; or WORKPLACE BULLYING.

Psychomotor Agitation - A feeling of restlessness associated with increased motor activity. This may occur as a manifestation of nervous system drug toxicity or other conditions.

Sadism - A condition in which there is a derivation of pleasure from inflicting pain, discomfort or humiliation on another person or persons. The sexual significance of sadistic wishes or behavior may be conscious or unconscious.

Torture - The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.