Coma

"Coma" References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries

References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries applicable to the clinical term "coma"

  • Coma - R40.20 Unspecified coma
    • eclamptic - See: Eclampsia;
    • epileptic - See: Epilepsy;
    • Glasgow, scale score - See: Glasgow coma scale;
    • hepatic - See: Failure, hepatic, by type, with coma;
    • hyperglycemic (diabetic) - See: Diabetes, by type, with hyperosmolarity, with coma;
    • hyperosmolar (diabetic) - See: Diabetes, by type, with hyperosmolarity, with coma;
    • hypoglycemic (diabetic) - See: Diabetes, by type, with hypoglycemia, with coma;
      • nondiabetic - E15 Nondiabetic hypoglycemic coma
    • in diabetes - See: Diabetes, coma;
    • insulin-induced - See: Coma, hypoglycemic;
    • ketoacidotic (diabetic) - See: Diabetes, by type, with ketoacidosis, with coma;
    • myxedematous - E03.5 Myxedema coma
    • newborn - P91.5 Neonatal coma
    • persistent vegetative state - R40.3 Persistent vegetative state
    • specified NEC, without documented Glasgow coma scale score, or with partial Glasgow coma scale score reported - R40.244 Other coma, without documented Glasgow coma scale score, or with partial score reported
    • with
      • motor response (none) - R40.231 Coma scale, best motor response, none
        • abnormal - R40.233 Coma scale, best motor response, abnormal flexion
        • abnormal extensor posturing to pain or noxious stimuli (< 2 years of age) - R40.232 Coma scale, best motor response, extension
        • abnormal flexure posturing to pain or noxious stimuli (0-5 years of age) - R40.233 Coma scale, best motor response, abnormal flexion
        • extension - R40.232 Coma scale, best motor response, extension
        • extensor posturing to pain or noxious stimuli (2-5 years of age) - R40.232 Coma scale, best motor response, extension
        • flexion withdrawal - R40.234 Coma scale, best motor response, flexion withdrawal
        • flexion/decorticate posturing (< 2 years of age) - R40.233 Coma scale, best motor response, abnormal flexion
        • localizes pain (2-5 years of age) - R40.235 Coma scale, best motor response, localizes pain
        • normal or spontaneous movement (< 2 years of age) - R40.236 Coma scale, best motor response, obeys commands
        • obeys commands (2-5 years of age) - R40.236 Coma scale, best motor response, obeys commands
        • score of
          • 1 - R40.231 Coma scale, best motor response, none
          • 2 - R40.232 Coma scale, best motor response, extension
          • 3 - R40.233 Coma scale, best motor response, abnormal flexion
          • 4 - R40.234 Coma scale, best motor response, flexion withdrawal
          • 5 - R40.235 Coma scale, best motor response, localizes pain
          • 6 - R40.236 Coma scale, best motor response, obeys commands
        • withdraws from pain or noxious stimuli (0-5 years of age) - R40.234 Coma scale, best motor response, flexion withdrawal
        • withdraws to touch (< 2 years of age) - R40.235 Coma scale, best motor response, localizes pain
      • opening of eyes (never) - R40.211 Coma scale, eyes open, never
        • in response to
          • pain - R40.212 Coma scale, eyes open, to pain
          • sound - R40.213 Coma scale, eyes open, to sound
        • score of
          • 1 - R40.211 Coma scale, eyes open, never
          • 2 - R40.212 Coma scale, eyes open, to pain
          • 3 - R40.213 Coma scale, eyes open, to sound
          • 4 - R40.214 Coma scale, eyes open, spontaneous
        • spontaneous - R40.214 Coma scale, eyes open, spontaneous
      • verbal response (none) - R40.221 Coma scale, best verbal response, none
        • confused conversation - R40.224 Coma scale, best verbal response, confused conversation
        • cooing or babbling or crying appropriately (< 2 years of age) - R40.225 Coma scale, best verbal response, oriented
        • inappropriate crying or screaming (< 2 years of age) - R40.223 Coma scale, best verbal response, inappropriate words
        • inappropriate words - R40.223 Coma scale, best verbal response, inappropriate words
        • inappropriate words (2-5 years of age) - R40.224 Coma scale, best verbal response, confused conversation
        • incomprehensible sounds (2-5 years of age) - R40.222 Coma scale, best verbal response, incomprehensible words
        • incomprehensible words - R40.222 Coma scale, best verbal response, incomprehensible words
        • irritable cries (< 2 years of age) - R40.224 Coma scale, best verbal response, confused conversation
        • moans/grunts to pain; restless (< 2 years old) - R40.222 Coma scale, best verbal response, incomprehensible words
        • oriented - R40.225 Coma scale, best verbal response, oriented
        • score of
          • 1 - R40.221 Coma scale, best verbal response, none
          • 2 - R40.222 Coma scale, best verbal response, incomprehensible words
          • 3 - R40.223 Coma scale, best verbal response, inappropriate words
          • 4 - R40.224 Coma scale, best verbal response, confused conversation
          • 5 - R40.225 Coma scale, best verbal response, oriented
        • screaming (2-5 years of age) - R40.223 Coma scale, best verbal response, inappropriate words
        • uses appropriate words (2- 5 years of age) - R40.225 Coma scale, best verbal response, oriented

Applicable Clinical Terms Definitions

Coma: A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.

Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first 28 days after birth.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.

Persistent Vegetative State: Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.

Sound: A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.