ICD-10-CM Code X31

Exposure to excessive natural cold

Version 2020 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

X31 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of exposure to excessive natural cold. The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:X31
Short Description:Exposure to excessive natural cold
Long Description:Exposure to excessive natural cold

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code X31:

Inclusion Terms

Inclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • Excessive cold as the cause of chilblains NOS
  • Excessive cold as the cause of immersion foot or hand
  • Exposure to cold NOS
  • Exposure to weather conditions

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • cold of man-made origin W93
  • contact with or inhalation of dry ice W93
  • contact with or inhalation of liquefied gas W93

7th Character Note

7th Character Note
Certain ICD-10-CM categories have applicable 7th characters. The applicable 7th character is required for all codes within the category, or as the notes in the Tabular List instruct. The 7th character must always be the 7th character in the data field. If a code that requires a 7th character is not 6 characters, a placeholder X must be used to fill in the empty characters.
  • The appropriate 7th character is to be added to code X31

7th Character

7th Character
Indicates that a seventh character is to be assigned to codes in a subcategory.
  • A - initial encounter
  • D - subsequent encounter
  • S - sequela

Index of External Cause of Injuries

References found for the code X31 in the External Cause of Injuries Index:

    • Exposure(to)
      • cold (accidental) (excessive) (extreme) (natural) (place)
    • Exposure(to)
      • cold (accidental) (excessive) (extreme) (natural) (place)
        • due to
          • weather (conditions)
    • Forces of nature
      • cold (natural)
    • Frostbite
    • Immersion(accidental)
      • hand or foot due to cold (excessive)
    • Overexposure(accidental) (to)
      • cold

Code Classification

  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01–Y98)
    • Exposure to forces of nature (X30-X39)
      • Exposure to excessive natural cold (X31)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Hypothermia

Cold weather can affect your body in different ways. You can get frostbite, which is an injury to the body that is caused by freezing. Your body can also lose heat faster than you can produce it. That can cause hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature. It can make you sleepy, confused, and clumsy. Because it happens gradually and affects your thinking, you may not realize you need help. That makes it especially dangerous. A body temperature below 95° F is a medical emergency and can lead to death if not treated promptly.

Anyone who spends much time outdoors in cold weather can get hypothermia. You can also get it from being cold and wet, or under cold water for too long. Babies and old people are especially at risk. Babies can get it from sleeping in a cold room.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


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