Information for Patients
Also called: Anorectal diseases
The anus is the opening of the rectum through which stool passes out of your body. Problems with the anus are common. They include hemorrhoids, abscesses, fissures (cracks), and cancer.
You may be embarrassed to talk about your anal troubles. But it is important to let your doctor know, especially if you have pain or bleeding. The more details you can give about your problem, the better your doctor will be able to help you. Treatments vary depending on the particular problem.
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
- Anal fissure (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anal itching -- self-care (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anorectal abscess (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anoscopy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Digital rectal exam (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Imperforate anus (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Lower GI Series - NIH (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
- Perianal streptococcal cellulitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. It infects the genital area, lips, mouth, or anus of both men and women. You usually get syphilis from sexual contact with someone who has it. It can also pass from mother to baby during pregnancy.
The early stage of syphilis usually causes a single, small, painless sore. Sometimes it causes swelling in nearby lymph nodes. If you do not treat it, syphilis usually causes a non-itchy skin rash, often on your hands and feet. Many people do not notice symptoms for years. Symptoms can go away and come back.
The sores caused by syphilis make it easier to get or give someone HIV during sex. If you are pregnant, syphilis can cause complications, or you could lose your baby. In rare cases, syphilis causes serious health problems and even death.
Syphilis is easy to cure with antibiotics if you catch it early. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading syphilis. The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have anal, vaginal, or oral sex.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Condom Fact Sheet in Brief (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Congenital syphilis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- CSF-VDRL test (Medical Encyclopedia)
- FTA-ABS test (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Neurosyphilis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- RPR test (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Syphilis - primary (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Syphilis and MSM (Men Who Have Sex with Men) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- VDRL test (Medical Encyclopedia)