Diagnosis Code S81
Information for Medical Professionals
References found for the code S81 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:
- 7th Characters: "With"
The word “with” should be interpreted to mean “associated with” or “due to” when it appears in a code title, the Alphabetic Index, or an instructional note in the Tabular List. The word “with” in the Alphabetic Index is sequenced immediately following the main term, not in alphabetical order.
- The appropriate 7th character is to be added to each code from category S81
- Type 1 Excludes Notes: Type 1 Excludes Notes
A type 1 Excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means “NOT CODED HERE!” An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
- open fracture of knee and lower leg (S82.-)
- traumatic amputation of lower leg (S88.-)
- Type 2 Excludes Notes: "And"
The word “and” should be interpreted to mean either “and” or “or” when it appears in a title.
- open wound of ankle and foot (S91.-)
- Code Also: “Code also note”
A “code also” note instructs that two codes may be required to fully describe a condition, but this note does not provide sequencing direction.
- any associated wound infection
Information for Patients
Knee Injuries and Disorders
Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have knee problems. Knee problems can cause pain and difficulty walking.
Knee problems are very common, and they occur in people of all ages. Knee problems can interfere with many things, from participation in sports to simply getting up from a chair and walking. This can have a big impact on your life.
The most common disease affecting the knee is osteoarthritis. The cartilage in the knee gradually wears away, causing pain and swelling.
Injuries to ligaments and tendons also cause knee problems. A common injury is to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). You usually injure your ACL by a sudden twisting motion. ACL and other knee injuries are common sports injuries.
Treatment of knee problems depends on the cause. In some cases your doctor may recommend knee replacement.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- ACL reconstruction
- Anterior crucate ligament (ACL) injury
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury -- aftercare
- Anterior knee pain
- Baker's cyst
- Broken kneecap - aftercare
- Collateral ligament (CL) injury -- aftercare
- Getting your home ready - knee or hip surgery
- Knee arthroscopy
- Knee MRI scan
- Knee pain
- Meniscus tears -- aftercare
- Osgood-Schlatter disease
Leg Injuries and Disorders
Your legs are made up of bones, blood vessels, muscles, and other connective tissue. They are important for motion and standing. Playing sports, running, falling, or having an accident can damage your legs. Common leg injuries include sprains and strains, joint dislocations, and fractures.
These injuries can affect the entire leg, or just the foot, ankle, knee, or hip. Certain diseases also lead to leg problems. For example, knee osteoarthritis, common in older people, can cause pain and limited motion. Problems in your veins in your legs can lead to varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis.
- Blount disease
- Common peroneal nerve dysfunction
- Femoral nerve dysfunction
- Femur fracture repair - discharge
- Foot, leg, and ankle swelling
- Iliotibial band syndrome -- aftercare
- Ischemic ulcers -- self-care
- Knock knees
- Leg pain
- Shin splints - self-care
- Tibial nerve dysfunction
- Venous insufficiency
Wounds and Injuries
Also called: Traumatic injuries
An injury is damage to your body. It is a general term that refers to harm caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and more. In the U.S., millions of people injure themselves every year. These injuries range from minor to life-threatening. Injuries can happen at work or play, indoors or outdoors, driving a car, or walking across the street.
Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren't serious, but it is important to clean them. Serious and infected wounds may require first aid followed by a visit to your doctor. You should also seek attention if the wound is deep, you cannot close it yourself, you cannot stop the bleeding or get the dirt out, or it does not heal.
Other common types of injuries include
- Animal bites
- Electrical injuries
- Sprains and strains
- Crush injury
- Cuts and puncture wounds
- Electrical injury
- Gunshot wounds -- aftercare
- How wounds heal
- Human bites -- self-care
- Laceration - sutures or staples - at home
- Lacerations - liquid bandage
- Surgical wound care
- Surgical wound infection - treatment
- Wet to dry dressing changes
- Wound care centers