ICD-10 Diagnosis Code D51

Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia

Diagnosis Code D51

ICD-10: D51
Short Description: Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia
Long Description: Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia
This is the 2018 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code D51

Not Valid for Submission
The code D51 is a "header" and not valid for submission for HIPAA-covered transactions.

Code Classification
  • Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D50–D89)
    • Nutritional anemias (D50-D53)
      • Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia (D51)

Information for Patients


Anemia

Also called: Iron poor blood

If you have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. The most common cause of anemia is not having enough iron. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.

Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction.

Conditions that may lead to anemia include

  • Heavy periods
  • Pregnancy
  • Ulcers
  • Colon polyps or colon cancer
  • Inherited disorders
  • A diet that does not have enough iron, folic acid or vitamin B12
  • Blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia, or cancer
  • Aplastic anemia, a condition that can be inherited or acquired
  • G6PD deficiency, a metabolic disorder

Anemia can make you feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable. You may be short of breath or have a headache.

Your doctor will diagnose anemia with a physical exam and blood tests. Treatment depends on the kind of anemia you have.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

  • Anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Anemia - B12 deficiency (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Anemia caused by low iron -- infants and toddlers (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Anemia of chronic disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Anemia of Inflammation and Chronic Disease - NIH
  • Febrile/cold agglutinins (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Ferritin blood test (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Hemolytic anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Iron deficiency anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects: Anemia - NIH - Easy-to-Read (National Cancer Institute)
  • Pernicious anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Vitamin B12 level (Medical Encyclopedia)


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B Vitamins

The B vitamins are

  • B1 (thiamine)
  • B2 (riboflavin)
  • B3 (niacin)
  • B5 (pantothenic acid)
  • B6
  • B7 (biotin)
  • B12
  • Folic acid

These vitamins help the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat. They also help form red blood cells. You can get B vitamins from proteins such as fish, poultry, meat, eggs, and dairy products. Leafy green vegetables, beans, and peas also have B vitamins. Many cereals and some breads have added B vitamins.

Not getting enough of certain B vitamins can cause diseases. A lack of B12 or B6 can cause anemia.

  • Anemia - B12 deficiency (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Beriberi (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Methylmalonic acid blood test (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Niacin (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Pantothenic acid and biotin (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Pellagra (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Riboflavin (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Thiamin (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Vitamin B12 (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Vitamin B12 level (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Vitamin B6 (Medical Encyclopedia)


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