ICD-10-CM Code R05


Version 2020 Billable Code No Valid Principal Dx

Valid for Submission

R05 is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of cough. The code is valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. The ICD-10-CM code R05 might also be used to specify conditions or terms like allergic cough, barking cough, bovine cough, brassy cough, c/o - cough, chronic cough, etc

According to ICD-10-CM guidelines this code should not to be used as a principal diagnosis code when a related definitive diagnosis has been established.

Short Description:Cough
Long Description:Cough

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code R05:

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • cough with hemorrhage R04.2
  • smoker's cough J41.0

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code R05 are found in the index:


The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Allergic cough
  • Barking cough
  • Bovine cough
  • Brassy cough
  • C/O - cough
  • Chronic cough
  • Clearing throat - hawking
  • Cough
  • Cough after eating
  • Cough at rest
  • Cough fracture of ribs
  • Cough on exercise
  • Cough suppression
  • Cough when swallowing
  • Cough with fever
  • Coughing ineffective
  • Croupy cough
  • Decreased coughing
  • Dry cough
  • Early morning cough
  • Effective cough
  • Evening cough
  • Finding related to ability to cough
  • Hacking cough
  • Increasing frequency of cough
  • Morning cough
  • Night cough present
  • No cough strength
  • Nocturnal cough
  • Nocturnal cough / wheeze
  • Pain provoked by coughing
  • Painful cough
  • Paroxysmal cough
  • Persistent cough
  • Postural cough
  • Postviral cough
  • Productive cough
  • Productive cough -clear sputum
  • Productive cough -green sputum
  • Productive cough-yellow sputum
  • Respiratory tract congestion
  • Respiratory tract congestion and cough
  • Situational syncope
  • Spasmodic cough
  • Tracheal esophageal fistula cough
  • Tussive syncope
  • Unexplained cough

Clinical Information

  • ANTITUSSIVE AGENTS-. agents that suppress cough. they act centrally on the medullary cough center. expectorants also used in the treatment of cough act locally.
  • COUGH-. a sudden audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis preceded by inhalation. it is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea bronchi and/or lungs of irritants and secretions or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
  • WHOOPING COUGH-. a respiratory infection caused by bordetella pertussis and characterized by paroxysmal coughing ending in a prolonged crowing intake of breath.
  • HEADACHE DISORDERS PRIMARY-. conditions in which the primary symptom is headache and the headache cannot be attributed to any known causes.

Convert R05 to ICD-9

Code Classification

  • Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00–R99)
    • Symptoms and signs involving the circulatory and respiratory systems (R00-R09)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Coughing is a reflex that keeps your throat and airways clear. Although it can be annoying, coughing helps your body heal or protect itself. Coughs can be either acute or chronic. Acute coughs begin suddenly and usually last no more than 2 to 3 weeks. Acute coughs are the kind you most often get with a cold, flu, or acute bronchitis. Chronic coughs last longer than 2 to 3 weeks. Causes of chronic cough include

  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Asthma
  • Allergies
  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  • Smoking
  • Throat disorders, such as croup in young children
  • Some medicines

Water can help ease your cough - whether you drink it or add it to the air with a steamy shower or vaporizer. If you have a cold or the flu, antihistamines may work better than non-prescription cough medicines. Children under four should not have cough medicine. For children over four, use caution and read labels carefully.

[Learn More]