ICD-10-CM Code M25.3

Other instability of joint

Version 2020 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

M25.3 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of other instability of joint. The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:M25.3
Short Description:Other instability of joint
Long Description:Other instability of joint

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • M25.30 - Other instability, unspecified joint
  • M25.31 - Other instability, shoulder
  • M25.311 - Other instability, right shoulder
  • M25.312 - Other instability, left shoulder
  • M25.319 - Other instability, unspecified shoulder
  • M25.32 - Other instability, elbow
  • M25.321 - Other instability, right elbow
  • M25.322 - Other instability, left elbow
  • M25.329 - Other instability, unspecified elbow
  • M25.33 - Other instability, wrist
  • M25.331 - Other instability, right wrist
  • M25.332 - Other instability, left wrist
  • M25.339 - Other instability, unspecified wrist
  • M25.34 - Other instability, hand
  • M25.341 - Other instability, right hand
  • M25.342 - Other instability, left hand
  • M25.349 - Other instability, unspecified hand
  • M25.35 - Other instability, hip
  • M25.351 - Other instability, right hip
  • M25.352 - Other instability, left hip
  • M25.359 - Other instability, unspecified hip
  • M25.36 - Other instability, knee
  • M25.361 - Other instability, right knee
  • M25.362 - Other instability, left knee
  • M25.369 - Other instability, unspecified knee
  • M25.37 - Other instability, ankle and foot
  • M25.371 - Other instability, right ankle
  • M25.372 - Other instability, left ankle
  • M25.373 - Other instability, unspecified ankle
  • M25.374 - Other instability, right foot
  • M25.375 - Other instability, left foot
  • M25.376 - Other instability, unspecified foot

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code M25.3:

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • instability of joint secondary to old ligament injury M24.2
  • instability of joint secondary to removal of joint prosthesis M96.8

Type 2 Excludes

Type 2 Excludes
A type 2 excludes note represents "Not included here". An excludes2 note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When an Excludes2 note appears under a code, it is acceptable to use both the code and the excluded code together, when appropriate.
  • spinal instabilities M53.2

Code Classification

  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00–M99)
    • Other joint disorders (M20-M25)
      • Other joint disorder, not elsewhere classified (M25)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Joint Disorders

A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including

  • Arthritis - inflammation of a joint. It causes pain, stiffness, and swelling. Over time, the joint can become severely damaged.
  • Bursitis - inflammation of a fluid-filled sac that cushions the joint
  • Dislocations - injuries that force the ends of the bones out of position

Treatment of joint problems depends on the cause. If you have a sports injury, treatment often begins with the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling, and speed healing. Other possible treatments include pain relievers, keeping the injured area from moving, rehabilitation, and sometimes surgery. For arthritis, injuries, or other diseases, you may need joint replacement surgery to remove the damaged joint and put in a new one.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


[Learn More]