ICD-10-CM Code A87

Viral meningitis

Version 2020 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

A87 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of viral meningitis. The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:A87
Short Description:Viral meningitis
Long Description:Viral meningitis

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • A87.0 - Enteroviral meningitis
  • A87.1 - Adenoviral meningitis
  • A87.2 - Lymphocytic choriomeningitis
  • A87.8 - Other viral meningitis
  • A87.9 - ... unspecified

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code A87:

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • meningitis due to herpesvirus herpes simplex B00.3
  • meningitis due to herpesvirus herpes simplex B00.3
  • meningitis due to measles virus B05.1
  • meningitis due to mumps virus B26.1
  • meningitis due to poliomyelitis virus A80
  • meningitis due to zoster B02.1

Clinical Information

  • MENINGITIS VIRAL-. viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. togaviridae infections; flaviviridae infections; rubella; bunyaviridae infections; orbivirus infections; picornaviridae infections; orthomyxoviridae infections; rhabdoviridae infections; arenaviridae infections; herpesviridae infections; adenoviridae infections; jc virus infections; and retroviridae infections may cause this form of meningitis. clinical manifestations include fever headache neck pain vomiting photophobia and signs of meningeal irritation. from joynt clinical neurology 1996 ch26 pp1 3

Code Classification

  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
    • Viral and prion infections of the central nervous system (A80-A89)
      • Viral meningitis (A87)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the thin tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, called the meninges. There are several types of meningitis. The most common is viral meningitis. You get it when a virus enters the body through the nose or mouth and travels to the brain. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be deadly. It usually starts with bacteria that cause a cold-like infection. It can cause stroke, hearing loss, and brain damage. It can also harm other organs. Pneumococcal infections and meningococcal infections are the most common causes of bacterial meningitis.

Anyone can get meningitis, but it is more common in people with weak immune systems. Meningitis can get serious very quickly. You should get medical care right away if you have

  • A sudden high fever
  • A severe headache
  • A stiff neck
  • Nausea or vomiting

Early treatment can help prevent serious problems, including death. Tests to diagnose meningitis include blood tests, imaging tests, and a spinal tap to test cerebrospinal fluid. Antibiotics can treat bacterial meningitis. Antiviral medicines may help some types of viral meningitis. Other medicines can help treat symptoms.

There are vaccines to prevent some of the bacterial infections that cause meningitis.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


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Viral Infections

Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox, and Ebola.

Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This can kill, damage, or change the cells and make you sick. Different viruses attack certain cells in your body such as your liver, respiratory system, or blood.

When you get a virus, you may not always get sick from it. Your immune system may be able to fight it off.

For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.


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