ICD-10-CM Code M48.5

Collapsed vertebra, not elsewhere classified

Version 2020 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

M48.5 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of collapsed vertebra, not elsewhere classified. The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:M48.5
Short Description:Collapsed vertebra, not elsewhere classified
Long Description:Collapsed vertebra, not elsewhere classified

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • M48.50 - ... site unspecified
  • M48.50XA - ... site unspecified, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.50XD - ... site unspecified, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.50XG - ... site unspecified, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.50XS - ... site unspecified, sequela of fracture
  • M48.51 - ... occipito-atlanto-axial region
  • M48.51XA - ... occipito-atlanto-axial region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.51XD - ... occipito-atlanto-axial region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.51XG - ... occipito-atlanto-axial region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.51XS - ... occipito-atlanto-axial region, sequela of fracture
  • M48.52 - ... cervical region
  • M48.52XA - ... cervical region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.52XD - ... cervical region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.52XG - ... cervical region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.52XS - ... cervical region, sequela of fracture
  • M48.53 - ... cervicothoracic region
  • M48.53XA - ... cervicothoracic region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.53XD - ... cervicothoracic region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.53XG - ... cervicothoracic region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.53XS - ... cervicothoracic region, sequela of fracture
  • M48.54 - ... thoracic region
  • M48.54XA - ... thoracic region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.54XD - ... thoracic region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.54XG - ... thoracic region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.54XS - ... thoracic region, sequela of fracture
  • M48.55 - ... thoracolumbar region
  • M48.55XA - ... thoracolumbar region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.55XD - ... thoracolumbar region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.55XG - ... thoracolumbar region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.55XS - ... thoracolumbar region, sequela of fracture
  • M48.56 - ... lumbar region
  • M48.56XA - ... lumbar region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.56XD - ... lumbar region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.56XG - ... lumbar region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.56XS - ... lumbar region, sequela of fracture
  • M48.57 - ... lumbosacral region
  • M48.57XA - ... lumbosacral region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.57XD - ... lumbosacral region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.57XG - ... lumbosacral region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.57XS - ... lumbosacral region, sequela of fracture
  • M48.58 - ... sacral and sacrococcygeal region
  • M48.58XA - ... sacral and sacrococcygeal region, initial encounter for fracture
  • M48.58XD - ... sacral and sacrococcygeal region, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • M48.58XG - ... sacral and sacrococcygeal region, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • M48.58XS - ... sacral and sacrococcygeal region, sequela of fracture

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code M48.5:

Inclusion Terms

Inclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • Collapsed vertebra NOS
  • Compression fracture of vertebra NOS
  • Wedging of vertebra NOS

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • current injury - see Injury of spine, by body region
  • fatigue fracture of vertebra M48.4
  • pathological fracture of vertebra due to neoplasm M84.58
  • pathological fracture of vertebra due to other diagnosis M84.68
  • pathological fracture of vertebra due to osteoporosis M80
  • pathological fracture NOS M84.4
  • stress fracture of vertebra M48.4
  • traumatic fracture of vertebra S12 S22 S32

7th Character Note

7th Character Note
Certain ICD-10-CM categories have applicable 7th characters. The applicable 7th character is required for all codes within the category, or as the notes in the Tabular List instruct. The 7th character must always be the 7th character in the data field. If a code that requires a 7th character is not 6 characters, a placeholder X must be used to fill in the empty characters.
  • The appropriate 7th character is to be added to each code from subcategory M48.5:

7th Character

7th Character
Indicates that a seventh character is to be assigned to codes in a subcategory.
  • A - initial encounter for fracture
  • D - subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing
  • G - subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing
  • S - sequela of fracture

Code Classification

  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00–M99)
    • Spondylopathies (M45-M49)
      • Other spondylopathies (M48)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Spine Injuries and Disorders

Your backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bone discs called vertebrae. The vertebrae protect your spinal cord and allow you to stand and bend. A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue. They include

  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Tumors
  • Conditions, such as ankylosing spondylitis and scoliosis
  • Bone changes that come with age, such as spinal stenosis and herniated disks

Spinal diseases often cause pain when bone changes put pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. They can also limit movement. Treatments differ by disease, but sometimes they include back braces and surgery.


[Learn More]