ICD-10-CM Code M41


Version 2020 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

M41 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of scoliosis. The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

Short Description:Scoliosis
Long Description:Scoliosis

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • M41.0 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis
  • M41.00 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.02 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, cervical region
  • M41.03 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, cervicothoracic region
  • M41.04 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.05 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.06 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, lumbar region
  • M41.07 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, lumbosacral region
  • M41.08 - Infantile idiopathic scoliosis, sacral and sacrococcygeal region
  • M41.1 - Juvenile and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • M41.11 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis
  • M41.112 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, cervical region
  • M41.113 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, cervicothoracic region
  • M41.114 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.115 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.116 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, lumbar region
  • M41.117 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, lumbosacral region
  • M41.119 - Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.12 - Adolescent scoliosis
  • M41.122 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, cervical region
  • M41.123 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, cervicothoracic region
  • M41.124 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.125 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.126 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, lumbar region
  • M41.127 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, lumbosacral region
  • M41.129 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.2 - Other idiopathic scoliosis
  • M41.20 - Other idiopathic scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.22 - Other idiopathic scoliosis, cervical region
  • M41.23 - Other idiopathic scoliosis, cervicothoracic region
  • M41.24 - Other idiopathic scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.25 - Other idiopathic scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.26 - Other idiopathic scoliosis, lumbar region
  • M41.27 - Other idiopathic scoliosis, lumbosacral region
  • M41.3 - Thoracogenic scoliosis
  • M41.30 - Thoracogenic scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.34 - Thoracogenic scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.35 - Thoracogenic scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.4 - Neuromuscular scoliosis
  • M41.40 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.41 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, occipito-atlanto-axial region
  • M41.42 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, cervical region
  • M41.43 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, cervicothoracic region
  • M41.44 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.45 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.46 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, lumbar region
  • M41.47 - Neuromuscular scoliosis, lumbosacral region
  • M41.5 - Other secondary scoliosis
  • M41.50 - Other secondary scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.52 - Other secondary scoliosis, cervical region
  • M41.53 - Other secondary scoliosis, cervicothoracic region
  • M41.54 - Other secondary scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.55 - Other secondary scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.56 - Other secondary scoliosis, lumbar region
  • M41.57 - Other secondary scoliosis, lumbosacral region
  • M41.8 - Other forms of scoliosis
  • M41.80 - Other forms of scoliosis, site unspecified
  • M41.82 - Other forms of scoliosis, cervical region
  • M41.83 - Other forms of scoliosis, cervicothoracic region
  • M41.84 - Other forms of scoliosis, thoracic region
  • M41.85 - Other forms of scoliosis, thoracolumbar region
  • M41.86 - Other forms of scoliosis, lumbar region
  • M41.87 - Other forms of scoliosis, lumbosacral region
  • M41.9 - ... unspecified

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code M41:


This note appears immediately under a three character code title to further define, or give examples of, the content of the category.
  • kyphoscoliosis

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • congenital scoliosis NOS Q67.5
  • congenital scoliosis due to bony malformation Q76.3
  • postural congenital scoliosis Q67.5
  • kyphoscoliotic heart disease I27.1
  • postprocedural scoliosis M96

Clinical Information

  • SCOLIOSIS-. an appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. dorland 27th ed

Code Classification

  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00–M99)
    • Deforming dorsopathies (M40-M43)
      • Scoliosis (M41)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. These curves are often S- or C-shaped. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Girls are more likely to have it than boys. It can run in families. Symptoms include leaning to one side and having uneven shoulders and hips. Sometimes it is easy to notice, but not always.

Children may get screening for scoliosis at school or during a checkup. If it looks like there is a problem, your doctor will use your medical and family history, a physical exam, and imaging tests to make a diagnosis. Treatment depends on your age, how much more you're likely to grow, how much curving there is, and whether the curve is temporary or permanent. People with mild scoliosis might only need checkups to see if the curve is getting worse. Others might need to wear a brace or have surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

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