Diagnosis Code K21
Information for Medical Professionals
References found for the code K21 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:
- Type 1 Excludes Notes: Type 1 Excludes Notes
A type 1 Excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
- newborn esophageal reflux (P78.83)
Information for Patients
Also called: Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Your esophagus is the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) happens when a muscle at the end of your esophagus does not close properly. This allows stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it.
You may feel a burning in the chest or throat called heartburn. Sometimes, you can taste stomach fluid in the back of the mouth. If you have these symptoms more than twice a week, you may have GERD. You can also have GERD without having heartburn. Your symptoms could include a dry cough, asthma symptoms, or trouble swallowing.
Anyone, including infants and children, can have GERD. If not treated, it can lead to more serious health problems. In some cases, you might need medicines or surgery. However, many people can improve their symptoms by
- Avoiding alcohol and spicy, fatty or acidic foods that trigger heartburn
- Eating smaller meals
- Not eating close to bedtime
- Losing weight if needed
- Wearing loose-fitting clothes
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
- Anti-reflux surgery (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Bland diet (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gastroesophageal reflux - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Swallowing problems (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Taking antacids (Medical Encyclopedia)