ICD-10-CM Code Y31

Falling, lying or running before or into moving object, undetermined intent

Version 2020 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

Y31 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of falling, lying or running before or into moving object, undetermined intent. The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:Y31
Short Description:Fall/lying/running bef/into moving object, undet intent
Long Description:Falling, lying or running before or into moving object, undetermined intent

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code Y31:

7th Character Note

7th Character Note
Certain ICD-10-CM categories have applicable 7th characters. The applicable 7th character is required for all codes within the category, or as the notes in the Tabular List instruct. The 7th character must always be the 7th character in the data field. If a code that requires a 7th character is not 6 characters, a placeholder X must be used to fill in the empty characters.
  • The appropriate 7th character is to be added to code Y31

7th Character

7th Character
Indicates that a seventh character is to be assigned to codes in a subcategory.
  • A - initial encounter
  • D - subsequent encounter
  • S - sequela

Index of External Cause of Injuries

References found for the code Y31 in the External Cause of Injuries Index:

    • Jumped, jumping
      • before moving object NEC
        • undetermined whether accidental or intentional
    • Lying before train, vehicle or other moving object
      • undetermined whether accidental or intentional
    • Undetermined intent(contact) (exposure)
      • falling, lying or running before moving object
    • Undetermined intent(contact) (exposure)
      • lying, falling or running before moving object
    • Undetermined intent(contact) (exposure)
      • running, falling or lying before moving object

Code Classification

  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01–Y98)
    • Event of undetermined intent (Y21-Y33)
      • Fall/lying/running bef/into moving object, undet intent (Y31)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Falls

Falls can be dangerous at any age. Babies and young children can get hurt falling off furniture or down the stairs. Older children may fall off playground equipment. For older adults, falls can be especially serious. They are at higher risk of falling. They are also more likely to break a bone when they fall, especially if they have osteoporosis. A broken bone, especially when it is a hip, may even lead to disability and a loss of independence for older adults.

Some common causes of falls include

  • Balance problems
  • Some medicines, which can make you feel dizzy, confused, or slow
  • Vision problems
  • Alcohol, which can affect your balance and reflexes
  • Muscle weakness, especially in your legs, which can make it harder for you to get up from a chair or keep your balance when walking on an uneven surface.
  • Certain illnesses, such as low blood pressure, diabetes, and neuropathy
  • Slow reflexes, which make it hard to keep your balance or move out of the way of a hazard
  • Tripping or slipping due to loss of footing or traction

At any age, people can make changes to lower their risk of falling. It important to take care of your health, including getting regular eye exams. Regular exercise may lower your risk of falls by strengthening your muscles, improving your balance, and keeping your bones strong. And you can look for ways to make your house safer. For example, you can get rid of tripping hazards and make sure that you have rails on the stairs and in the bath. To reduce the chances of breaking a bone if you do fall, make sure that you get enough calcium and vitamin D.

NIH: National Institute on Aging


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