Hypertrophy, hypertrophic

Alphabetical Index

Use the alphabetical index for the main term hypertrophy, hypertrophic to review the available sub terms and properly select the ICD-10 code with the highest degree of specificity. Instructional notations will guide the coder with information such as "see", "see also", "with", "without", "due to", and "code by site".

  • Hypertrophy, hypertrophic
    • adenofibromatous, prostate - See: Enlargement, enlarged, prostate;
    • adenoids (infective) - J35.2 Hypertrophy of adenoids
      • with tonsils - J35.3 Hypertrophy of tonsils with hypertrophy of adenoids
    • adrenal cortex - E27.8 Other specified disorders of adrenal gland
    • alveolar process or ridge - See: Anomaly, alveolar;
    • anal papillae - K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum
    • artery - I77.89 Other specified disorders of arteries and arterioles
      • congenital NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
        • digestive system - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
        • lower limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
        • specified site NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
        • upper limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
    • auricular - See: Hypertrophy, cardiac;
    • Bartholin's gland - N75.8 Other diseases of Bartholin's gland
    • bile duct (common) (hepatic) - K83.8 Other specified diseases of biliary tract
    • bladder (sphincter) (trigone) - N32.89 Other specified disorders of bladder
    • bone - M89.30 Hypertrophy of bone, unspecified site
      • carpus - M89.34 Hypertrophy of bone, hand
      • clavicle - M89.31 Hypertrophy of bone, shoulder
      • femur - M89.35 Hypertrophy of bone, femur
      • fibula - M89.36 Hypertrophy of bone, tibia and fibula
      • finger - M89.34 Hypertrophy of bone, hand
      • humerus - M89.32 Hypertrophy of bone, humerus
      • ilium - M89.359 Hypertrophy of bone, unspecified femur
      • ischium - M89.359 Hypertrophy of bone, unspecified femur
      • metacarpus - M89.34 Hypertrophy of bone, hand
      • metatarsus - M89.37 Hypertrophy of bone, ankle and foot
      • multiple sites - M89.39 Hypertrophy of bone, multiple sites
      • neck - M89.38 Hypertrophy of bone, other site
      • radius - M89.33 Hypertrophy of bone, ulna and radius
      • rib - M89.38 Hypertrophy of bone, other site
      • scapula - M89.31 Hypertrophy of bone, shoulder
      • skull - M89.38 Hypertrophy of bone, other site
      • tarsus - M89.37 Hypertrophy of bone, ankle and foot
      • tibia - M89.36 Hypertrophy of bone, tibia and fibula
      • toe - M89.37 Hypertrophy of bone, ankle and foot
      • ulna - M89.33 Hypertrophy of bone, ulna and radius
      • vertebra - M89.38 Hypertrophy of bone, other site
    • brain - G93.89 Other specified disorders of brain
    • breast - N62 Hypertrophy of breast
      • cystic - See: Mastopathy, cystic;
      • newborn - P83.4 Breast engorgement of newborn
      • pubertal, massive - N62 Hypertrophy of breast
      • puerperal, postpartum - See: Disorder, breast, specified type NEC;
      • senile (parenchymatous) - N62 Hypertrophy of breast
    • cardiac (chronic) (idiopathic) - I51.7 Cardiomegaly
      • congenital NEC - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • fatty - See: Degeneration, myocardial;
      • hypertensive - See: Hypertension, heart;
      • rheumatic (with chorea) - I09.89 Other specified rheumatic heart diseases
        • active or acute - I01.8 Other acute rheumatic heart disease
          • with chorea - I02.0 Rheumatic chorea with heart involvement
      • valve - See: Endocarditis;
      • with rheumatic fever (conditions in I00)
        • active - I01.8 Other acute rheumatic heart disease
        • inactive or quiescent (with chorea) - I09.89 Other specified rheumatic heart diseases
    • cartilage - See: Disorder, cartilage, specified type NEC;
    • cecum - See: Megacolon;
    • cervix (uteri) - N88.8 Other specified noninflammatory disorders of cervix uteri
      • congenital - Q51.828 Other congenital malformations of cervix
      • elongation - N88.4 Hypertrophic elongation of cervix uteri
    • clitoris (cirrhotic) - N90.89 Other specified noninflammatory disorders of vulva and perineum
      • congenital - Q52.6 Congenital malformation of clitoris
    • colon - See Also: Megacolon;
      • congenital - Q43.2 Other congenital functional disorders of colon
    • conjunctiva, lymphoid - H11.89 Other specified disorders of conjunctiva
    • corpora cavernosa - N48.89 Other specified disorders of penis
    • cystic duct - K82.8 Other specified diseases of gallbladder
    • duodenum - K31.89 Other diseases of stomach and duodenum
    • endometrium (glandular) - See Also: Hyperplasia, endometrial; - N85.00 Endometrial hyperplasia, unspecified
      • cervix - N88.8 Other specified noninflammatory disorders of cervix uteri
    • epididymis - N50.89 Other specified disorders of the male genital organs
    • esophageal hiatus (congenital) - Q79.1 Other congenital malformations of diaphragm
      • with hernia - See: Hernia, hiatal;
    • eyelid - See: Disorder, eyelid, specified type NEC;
    • fat pad - E65 Localized adiposity
      • knee (infrapatellar) (popliteal) (prepatellar) (retropatellar) - M79.4 Hypertrophy of (infrapatellar) fat pad
    • foot (congenital) - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • frenulum, frenum (tongue) - K14.8 Other diseases of tongue
      • lip - K13.0 Diseases of lips
    • gallbladder - K82.8 Other specified diseases of gallbladder
    • gastric mucosa - K29.60 Other gastritis without bleeding
      • with bleeding - K29.61 Other gastritis with bleeding
    • gland, glandular - R59.9 Enlarged lymph nodes, unspecified
      • generalized - R59.1 Generalized enlarged lymph nodes
      • localized - R59.0 Localized enlarged lymph nodes
    • gum (mucous membrane) - K06.1 Gingival enlargement
    • heart (idiopathic) - See Also: Hypertrophy, cardiac;
      • valve - See Also: Endocarditis; - I38 Endocarditis, valve unspecified
    • hemifacial - Q67.4 Other congenital deformities of skull, face and jaw
    • hepatic - See: Hypertrophy, liver;
    • hiatus (esophageal) - Q79.1 Other congenital malformations of diaphragm
    • hilus gland - R59.0 Localized enlarged lymph nodes
    • hymen, congenital - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • ileum - K63.89 Other specified diseases of intestine
    • intestine NEC - K63.89 Other specified diseases of intestine
    • jejunum - K63.89 Other specified diseases of intestine
    • kidney (compensatory) - N28.81 Hypertrophy of kidney
      • congenital - Q63.3 Hyperplastic and giant kidney
    • labium (majus) (minus) - N90.60 Unspecified hypertrophy of vulva
    • ligament - See: Disorder, ligament;
    • lingual tonsil (infective) - J35.1 Hypertrophy of tonsils
      • with adenoids - J35.3 Hypertrophy of tonsils with hypertrophy of adenoids
    • lip - K13.0 Diseases of lips
      • congenital - Q18.6 Macrocheilia
    • liver - R16.0 Hepatomegaly, not elsewhere classified
      • acute - K76.89 Other specified diseases of liver
      • cirrhotic - See: Cirrhosis, liver;
      • congenital - Q44.7 Other congenital malformations of liver
      • fatty - See: Fatty, liver;
    • lymph, lymphatic gland - R59.9 Enlarged lymph nodes, unspecified
      • generalized - R59.1 Generalized enlarged lymph nodes
      • localized - R59.0 Localized enlarged lymph nodes
      • tuberculous - See: Tuberculosis, lymph gland;
    • mammary gland - See: Hypertrophy, breast;
    • Meckel's diverticulum (congenital) - Q43.0 Meckel's diverticulum (displaced) (hypertrophic)
      • malignant - See: Table of Neoplasms, small intestine, malignant;
    • median bar - See: Hyperplasia, prostate;
    • meibomian gland - See: Chalazion;
    • meniscus, knee, congenital - Q74.1 Congenital malformation of knee
    • metatarsal head - See: Hypertrophy, bone, metatarsus;
    • metatarsus - See: Hypertrophy, bone, metatarsus;
    • mucous membrane
      • alveolar ridge - K06.2 Gingival and edentulous alveolar ridge lesions associated with trauma
      • gum - K06.1 Gingival enlargement
      • nose (turbinate) - J34.3 Hypertrophy of nasal turbinates
    • muscle - M62.89 Other specified disorders of muscle
    • muscular coat, artery - I77.89 Other specified disorders of arteries and arterioles
    • myocardium - See Also: Hypertrophy, cardiac;
      • idiopathic - I42.2 Other hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    • myometrium - N85.2 Hypertrophy of uterus
    • nail - L60.2 Onychogryphosis
      • congenital - Q84.5 Enlarged and hypertrophic nails
    • nasal - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
      • alae - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
      • bone - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
      • cartilage - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
      • mucous membrane (septum) - J34.3 Hypertrophy of nasal turbinates
      • sinus - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
      • turbinate - J34.3 Hypertrophy of nasal turbinates
    • nasopharynx, lymphoid (infectional) (tissue) (wall) - J35.2 Hypertrophy of adenoids
    • nipple - N62 Hypertrophy of breast
    • organ or site, congenital NEC - See: Anomaly, by site;
    • ovary - N83.8 Other noninflammatory disorders of ovary, fallopian tube and broad ligament
    • palate (hard) - M27.8 Other specified diseases of jaws
      • soft - K13.79 Other lesions of oral mucosa
    • pancreas, congenital - Q45.3 Other congenital malformations of pancreas and pancreatic duct
    • parathyroid (gland) - E21.0 Primary hyperparathyroidism
    • parotid gland - K11.1 Hypertrophy of salivary gland
    • penis - N48.89 Other specified disorders of penis
    • pharyngeal tonsil - J35.2 Hypertrophy of adenoids
    • pharynx - J39.2 Other diseases of pharynx
      • lymphoid (infectional) (tissue) (wall) - J35.2 Hypertrophy of adenoids
    • pituitary (anterior) (fossa) (gland) - E23.6 Other disorders of pituitary gland
    • prepuce (congenital) - N47.8 Other disorders of prepuce
      • female - N90.89 Other specified noninflammatory disorders of vulva and perineum
    • prostate - See: Enlargement, enlarged, prostate;
      • congenital - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • pseudomuscular - G71.09 Other specified muscular dystrophies
    • pylorus (adult) (muscle) (sphincter) - K31.1 Adult hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
      • congenital or infantile - Q40.0 Congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    • rectal, rectum (sphincter) - K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum
    • rhinitis (turbinate) - J31.0 Chronic rhinitis
    • salivary gland (any) - K11.1 Hypertrophy of salivary gland
      • congenital - Q38.4 Congenital malformations of salivary glands and ducts
    • scaphoid (tarsal) - See: Hypertrophy, bone, tarsus;
    • scar - L91.0 Hypertrophic scar
    • scrotum - N50.89 Other specified disorders of the male genital organs
    • seminal vesicle - N50.89 Other specified disorders of the male genital organs
    • sigmoid - See: Megacolon;
    • skin - L91.9 Hypertrophic disorder of the skin, unspecified
      • specified NEC - L91.8 Other hypertrophic disorders of the skin
    • spermatic cord - N50.89 Other specified disorders of the male genital organs
    • spleen - See: Splenomegaly;
    • spondylitis - See: Spondylosis;
    • stomach - K31.89 Other diseases of stomach and duodenum
    • sublingual gland - K11.1 Hypertrophy of salivary gland
    • submandibular gland - K11.1 Hypertrophy of salivary gland
    • suprarenal cortex (gland) - E27.8 Other specified disorders of adrenal gland
    • synovial NEC - M67.20 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, unspecified site
      • acromioclavicular - M67.21 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, shoulder
      • ankle - M67.27 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, ankle and foot
      • elbow - M67.22 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, upper arm
      • foot - M67.27 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, ankle and foot
      • hand - M67.24 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, hand
      • hip - M67.25 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, thigh
      • knee - M67.26 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, lower leg
      • multiple sites - M67.29 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, multiple sites
      • specified site NEC - M67.28 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, other site
      • wrist - M67.23 Synovial hypertrophy, not elsewhere classified, forearm
    • tendon - See: Disorder, tendon, specified type NEC;
    • testis - N44.8 Other noninflammatory disorders of the testis
      • congenital - Q55.29 Other congenital malformations of testis and scrotum
    • thymic, thymus (gland) (congenital) - E32.0 Persistent hyperplasia of thymus
    • thyroid (gland) - See: Goiter;
    • toe (congenital) - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
      • acquired - See Also: Deformity, toe, specified NEC;
    • tongue - K14.8 Other diseases of tongue
      • congenital - Q38.2 Macroglossia
      • papillae (foliate) - K14.3 Hypertrophy of tongue papillae
    • tonsils (faucial) (infective) (lingual) (lymphoid) - J35.1 Hypertrophy of tonsils
      • with adenoids - J35.3 Hypertrophy of tonsils with hypertrophy of adenoids
    • tunica vaginalis - N50.89 Other specified disorders of the male genital organs
    • ureter - N28.89 Other specified disorders of kidney and ureter
    • urethra - N36.8 Other specified disorders of urethra
    • uterus - N85.2 Hypertrophy of uterus
      • neck (with elongation) - N88.4 Hypertrophic elongation of cervix uteri
      • puerperal - O90.89 Other complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere classified
    • uvula - K13.79 Other lesions of oral mucosa
    • vagina - N89.8 Other specified noninflammatory disorders of vagina
    • vas deferens - N50.89 Other specified disorders of the male genital organs
    • vein - I87.8 Other specified disorders of veins
    • ventricle, ventricular (heart) - See Also: Hypertrophy, cardiac;
      • congenital - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • in tetralogy of Fallot - Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
    • verumontanum - N36.8 Other specified disorders of urethra
    • vocal cord - J38.3 Other diseases of vocal cords
    • vulva - N90.60 Unspecified hypertrophy of vulva
      • stasis (nonfilarial) - N90.69 Other specified hypertrophy of vulva

Clinical Terms

The following are some of the clinical term definitions related or applicable to hypertrophy, hypertrophic within the ICD-10 index for Diseases and Injuries.

Adrenal Cortex: The outer layer of the adrenal gland. It is derived from MESODERM and comprised of three zones (outer ZONA GLOMERULOSA, middle ZONA FASCICULATA, and inner ZONA RETICULARIS) with each producing various steroids preferentially, such as ALDOSTERONE; HYDROCORTISONE; DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE; and ANDROSTENEDIONE. Adrenal cortex function is regulated by pituitary ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN.

Ankle: The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.

Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.

Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principal cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.

Cartilage: A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.

Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.

Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.

Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.

Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.

Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.

Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).

Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.

Elbow: Region of the body immediately surrounding and including the ELBOW JOINT.

Epididymis: The convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the TESTIS. Epididymis consists of the head (caput), the body (corpus), and the tail (cauda). A network of ducts leaving the testis joins into a common epididymal tubule proper which provides the transport, storage, and maturation of SPERMATOZOA.

Eyelids: Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.

Female:

Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.

Fibula: The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.

Fingers: Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.

Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.

Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.

Gastric Mucosa: Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.

Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.

Hand: The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.

Hip: The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.

Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.

Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.

Ilium: The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.

Ischium: One of three bones that make up the coxal bone of the pelvic girdle. In tetrapods, it is the part of the pelvis that projects backward on the ventral side, and in primates, it bears the weight of the sitting animal.

Jejunum: The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.

Knee: A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.

Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.

Lip: Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.

Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.

Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.

Mammary Glands, Human: Glandular tissue in the BREAST of human that is under the influence of hormones such as ESTROGENS; PROGESTINS; and PROLACTIN. In WOMEN, after PARTURITION, the mammary glands secrete milk (MILK, HUMAN) for the nourishment of the young.

Meibomian Glands: The sebaceous glands situated on the inner surface of the eyelids between the tarsal plates and CONJUNCTIVA.

Metacarpus: The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.

Metatarsus: The part of the foot between the tarsa and the TOES.

Mucous Membrane: An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.

Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.

Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.

Myometrium: The smooth muscle coat of the uterus, which forms the main mass of the organ.

Nails: The thin, horny plates that cover the dorsal surfaces of the distal phalanges of the fingers and toes of primates.

Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.

Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first 28 days after birth.

Nipples: The conic organs which usually give outlet to milk from the mammary glands.

Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.

Parotid Gland: The largest of the three pairs of SALIVARY GLANDS. They lie on the sides of the FACE immediately below and in front of the EAR.

Penis: The external reproductive organ of males. It is composed of a mass of erectile tissue enclosed in three cylindrical fibrous compartments. Two of the three compartments, the corpus cavernosa, are placed side-by-side along the upper part of the organ. The third compartment below, the corpus spongiosum, houses the urethra.

Adenoids: A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.

Pharynx: A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).

Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.

Radius: The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.

Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.

Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.

Cicatrix: The fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue during the process of WOUND HEALING.

Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.

Seminal Vesicles: A saclike, glandular diverticulum on each ductus deferens in male vertebrates. It is united with the excretory duct and serves for temporary storage of semen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.

Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

Spermatic Cord: Either of a pair of tubular structures formed by DUCTUS DEFERENS; ARTERIES; VEINS; LYMPHATIC VESSELS; and nerves. The spermatic cord extends from the deep inguinal ring through the INGUINAL CANAL to the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.

Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.

Spondylitis: Inflammation of the SPINE. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.

Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.

Sublingual Gland: A salivary gland on each side of the mouth below the TONGUE.

Submandibular Gland: One of two salivary glands in the neck, located in the space bound by the two bellies of the digastric muscle and the angle of the mandible. It discharges through the submandibular duct. The secretory units are predominantly serous although a few mucous alveoli, some with serous demilunes, occur. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.

Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.

Toes: Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.

Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.

Turbinates: The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the NASAL CAVITY. Turbinates, also called nasal concha, increase the surface area of nasal cavity thus providing a mechanism for rapid warming and humidification of air as it passes to the lung.

Ulna: The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.

Upper Extremity: The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.

Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.

Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.

Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Uvula: A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Vas Deferens: The excretory duct of the testes that carries SPERMATOZOA. It rises from the SCROTUM and joins the SEMINAL VESICLES to form the ejaculatory duct.

Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the CAPILLARY BEDS.

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Vocal Cords: A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.

Vulva: The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.

Wrist: The region of the upper limb between the metacarpus and the FOREARM.