Information for Patients
Also called: Cardiac diseases
If you're like most people, you think that heart disease is a problem for others. But heart disease is the number one killer in the U.S. It is also a major cause of disability. There are many different forms of heart disease. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself. This is called coronary artery disease and happens slowly over time. It's the major reason people have heart attacks.
Other kinds of heart problems may happen to the valves in the heart, or the heart may not pump well and cause heart failure. Some people are born with heart disease.
You can help reduce your risk of heart disease by taking steps to control factors that put you at greater risk:
- Control your blood pressure
- Lower your cholesterol
- Don't smoke
- Get enough exercise
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Aspirin and heart disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Being active when you have heart disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Electrocardiogram (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Exercise stress test (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Heart disease - risk factors (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Heart disease and depression (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Understanding cardiovascular disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Warning signs and symptoms of heart disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Strep
Strep is short for Streptococcus, a type of bacteria. There are several types. Two of them cause most of the strep infections in people: group A and group B.
Group A strep causes
- Strep throat - a sore, red throat. Your tonsils may be swollen and have white spots on them.
- Scarlet fever - an illness that follows strep throat. It causes a red rash on the body.
- Impetigo - a skin infection
- Toxic shock syndrome
- Cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease)
Group B strep can cause blood infections, pneumonia and meningitis in newborns. A screening test during pregnancy can tell if you have it. If you do, I.V. antibiotics during labor can save your baby's life. Adults can also get group B strep infections, especially if they are elderly or already have health problems. Strep B can cause urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections and pneumonia in adults.
Antibiotics are used to treat strep infections.
NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
- Ecthyma (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Erysipelas (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Group B streptococcal septicemia of the newborn (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Group B streptococcus - pregnancy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Perianal streptococcal cellulitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Rheumatic fever (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Scarlet fever (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Strep throat (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Streptococcal screen (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Throat swab culture (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Toxic shock syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)