ICD-10-CM Code M91.1

Juvenile osteochondrosis of head of femur [Legg-Calve-Perthes]

Version 2020 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

M91.1 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of juvenile osteochondrosis of head of femur [legg-calve-perthes]. The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:M91.1
Short Description:Juvenile osteochondrosis of head of femur
Long Description:Juvenile osteochondrosis of head of femur [Legg-Calve-Perthes]

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code M91.1 are found in the index:


Code Classification

  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00–M99)
    • Chondropathies (M91-M94)
      • Juvenile osteochondrosis of hip and pelvis (M91)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Hip Injuries and Disorders

Your hip is the joint where your femur (thigh bone) meets your pelvis (hip bone). There are two main parts: a ball at the end of the femur, which fits in a socket in the pelvis. Your hip is known as a ball-and-socket joint. This is because you have a ball at the end of your femur, and it fits into a socket in your pelvis. This makes your hips very stable and allows for a wide range of motion. When they are healthy, it takes great force to hurt them. However, playing sports, running, overuse, or falling can sometimes lead to hip injuries such as

  • Strains
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocations
  • Fractures

Certain diseases also lead to hip injuries or problems. Osteoarthritis can cause pain and limited motion. Osteoporosis of the hip causes weak bones that break easily. Both of these are common in older people.

Another problem is hip dysplasia, where the ball at the end of the femur is loose in the hip socket. It can cause hip dislocation. Babies who have hip dysplasia are usually born with it, but sometimes they develop it later.

Treatment for hip disorders may include rest, medicines, physical therapy, or surgery, including hip replacement.


[Learn More]

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is a bone disorder that affects the hips. Usually, only one hip is involved, but in about 10 percent of cases, both hips are affected. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease begins in childhood, typically between ages 4 and 8, and affects boys more frequently than girls.In this condition, the upper end of the thigh bone, known as the femoral head, breaks down. As a result, the femoral head is no longer round and does not move easily in the hip socket, which leads to hip pain, limping, and restricted leg movement. The bone eventually begins to heal itself through a normal process called bone remodeling, by which old bone is removed and new bone is created to replace it. This cycle of breakdown and healing can recur multiple times. Affected individuals are often shorter than their peers due to the bone abnormalities. Many people with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease go on to develop a painful joint disorder called osteoarthritis in the hips at an early age.
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