ICD-10-CM Code H53.5

Color vision deficiencies

Version 2021 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

H53.5 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of color vision deficiencies. The code is NOT valid for the year 2021 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:H53.5
Short Description:Color vision deficiencies
Long Description:Color vision deficiencies

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • H53.50 - Unspecified color vision deficiencies
  • H53.51 - Achromatopsia
  • H53.52 - Acquired color vision deficiency
  • H53.53 - Deuteranomaly
  • H53.54 - Protanomaly
  • H53.55 - Tritanomaly
  • H53.59 - Other color vision deficiencies

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code H53.5:

Inclusion Terms

Inclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • Color blindness

Type 2 Excludes

Type 2 Excludes
A type 2 excludes note represents "Not included here". An excludes2 note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When an Excludes2 note appears under a code, it is acceptable to use both the code and the excluded code together, when appropriate.

Clinical Information

  • COLOR VISION DEFECTS-. defects of color vision are mainly hereditary traits but can be secondary to acquired or developmental abnormalities in the cones retina. severity of hereditary defects of color vision depends on the degree of mutation of the rod opsins genes on x chromosome and chromosome 3 that code the photopigments for red green and blue.

Code Classification

  • Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00–H59)
    • Visual disturbances and blindness (H53-H54)
      • Visual disturbances (H53)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020
  • FY 2021 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2020 through 9/30/2021

Information for Patients


Color Blindness

Most of us see our world in color. We enjoy looking at a lush green lawn or a red rose in full bloom. If you have a color vision defect, you may see these colors differently than most people.

There are three main kinds of color vision defects. Red-green color vision defects are the most common. This type occurs in men more than in women. The other major types are blue-yellow color vision defects and a complete absence of color vision.

Most of the time, color blindness is genetic. There is no treatment, but most people adjust and the condition doesn't limit their activities.

  • Color blindness (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Color vision test (Medical Encyclopedia)

[Learn More]

Color vision deficiency Color vision deficiency (sometimes called color blindness) represents a group of conditions that affect the perception of color. Red-green color vision defects are the most common form of color vision deficiency. Affected individuals have trouble distinguishing between some shades of red, yellow, and green. Blue-yellow color vision defects (also called tritan defects), which are rarer, cause problems with differentiating shades of blue and green and cause difficulty distinguishing dark blue from black. These two forms of color vision deficiency disrupt color perception but do not affect the sharpness of vision (visual acuity).A less common and more severe form of color vision deficiency called blue cone monochromacy causes very poor visual acuity and severely reduced color vision. Affected individuals have additional vision problems, which can include increased sensitivity to light (photophobia), involuntary back-and-forth eye movements (nystagmus), and nearsightedness (myopia). Blue cone monochromacy is sometimes considered to be a form of achromatopsia, a disorder characterized by a partial or total lack of color vision with other vision problems.
[Learn More]