ICD-10-CM Code H53.1

Subjective visual disturbances

Version 2021 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

H53.1 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of subjective visual disturbances. The code is NOT valid for the year 2021 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:H53.1
Short Description:Subjective visual disturbances
Long Description:Subjective visual disturbances

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • H53.10 - Unspecified subjective visual disturbances
  • H53.11 - Day blindness
  • H53.12 - Transient visual loss
  • H53.121 - Transient visual loss, right eye
  • H53.122 - Transient visual loss, left eye
  • H53.123 - Transient visual loss, bilateral
  • H53.129 - Transient visual loss, unspecified eye
  • H53.13 - Sudden visual loss
  • H53.131 - Sudden visual loss, right eye
  • H53.132 - Sudden visual loss, left eye
  • H53.133 - Sudden visual loss, bilateral
  • H53.139 - Sudden visual loss, unspecified eye
  • H53.14 - Visual discomfort
  • H53.141 - Visual discomfort, right eye
  • H53.142 - Visual discomfort, left eye
  • H53.143 - Visual discomfort, bilateral
  • H53.149 - Visual discomfort, unspecified
  • H53.15 - Visual distortions of shape and size
  • H53.16 - Psychophysical visual disturbances
  • H53.19 - Other subjective visual disturbances

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code H53.1:

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • subjective visual disturbances due to vitamin A deficiency E50.5
  • visual hallucinations R44.1

Code Classification

  • Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00–H59)
    • Visual disturbances and blindness (H53-H54)
      • Visual disturbances (H53)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020
  • FY 2021 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2020 through 9/30/2021

Information for Patients


Vision Impairment and Blindness

Also called: Low vision

If you have low vision, eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery may not help. Activities like reading, shopping, cooking, writing, and watching TV may be hard to do. The leading causes of low vision and blindness in the United States are age-related eye diseases: macular degeneration, cataract and glaucoma. Other eye disorders, eye injuries, and birth defects can also cause vision loss.

Whatever the cause, lost vision cannot be restored. It can, however, be managed. A loss of vision means that you may have to reorganize your life and learn new ways of doing things. If you have some vision, visual aids such as special glasses and large print books can make life easier. There are also devices to help those with no vision, like text-reading software and braille books.

The sooner vision loss or eye disease is found and treated, the greater your chances of keeping your remaining vision. You should have regular comprehensive eye exams by an eye care professional.

NIH: National Eye Institute

  • Blindness and vision loss (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Home vision tests (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Living with vision loss (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Vision - night blindness (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Vision problems (Medical Encyclopedia)

[Learn More]