2022 ICD-10-CM Code H53.1

Subjective visual disturbances

Version 2021

Not Valid for Submission

ICD-10:H53.1
Short Description:Subjective visual disturbances
Long Description:Subjective visual disturbances

Code Classification

  • Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00–H59)
    • Visual disturbances and blindness (H53-H54)
      • Visual disturbances (H53)

H53.1 is a non-specific and non-billable diagnosis code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of subjective visual disturbances. The code is not specific and is NOT valid for the year 2022 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. Category or Header define the heading of a category of codes that may be further subdivided by the use of 4th, 5th, 6th or 7th characters.

Specific Coding for Subjective visual disturbances

Non-specific codes like H53.1 require more digits to indicate the appropriate level of specificity. Consider using any of the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity when coding for subjective visual disturbances:

  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.10 for Unspecified subjective visual disturbances
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.11 for Day blindness
  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - H53.12 for Transient visual loss
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.121 for Transient visual loss, right eye
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.122 for Transient visual loss, left eye
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.123 for Transient visual loss, bilateral
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.129 for Transient visual loss, unspecified eye
  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - H53.13 for Sudden visual loss
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.131 for Sudden visual loss, right eye
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.132 for Sudden visual loss, left eye
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.133 for Sudden visual loss, bilateral
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.139 for Sudden visual loss, unspecified eye
  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - H53.14 for Visual discomfort
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.141 for Visual discomfort, right eye
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.142 for Visual discomfort, left eye
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.143 for Visual discomfort, bilateral
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.149 for Visual discomfort, unspecified
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.15 for Visual distortions of shape and size
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.16 for Psychophysical visual disturbances
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use H53.19 for Other subjective visual disturbances

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with coding notes and guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code H53.1:


Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.

Information for Patients


Vision Impairment and Blindness

If you have low vision, eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery may not help. Activities like reading, shopping, cooking, writing, and watching TV may be hard to do. The leading causes of low vision and blindness in the United States are age-related eye diseases: macular degeneration, cataract and glaucoma. Other eye disorders, eye injuries, and birth defects can also cause vision loss.

Whatever the cause, lost vision cannot be restored. It can, however, be managed. A loss of vision means that you may have to reorganize your life and learn new ways of doing things. If you have some vision, visual aids such as special glasses and large print books can make life easier. There are also devices to help those with no vision, like text-reading software and braille books.

The sooner vision loss or eye disease is found and treated, the greater your chances of keeping your remaining vision. You should have regular comprehensive eye exams by an eye care professional.

NIH: National Eye Institute


[Learn More in MedlinePlus]

Code History

  • FY 2021 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2020 through 9/30/2021
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016 (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)