Information for Patients
The bladder is a hollow organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine. Bladder cancer occurs in the lining of the bladder. It is the sixth most common type of cancer in the United States.
- Blood in your urine
- A frequent urge to urinate
- Pain when you urinate
- Low back pain
Risk factors for developing bladder cancer include smoking and exposure to certain chemicals in the workplace. People with a family history of bladder cancer or who are older, white, or male have a higher risk.
Treatments for bladder cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biologic therapy. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Bladder biopsy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Bladder cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Cancer - renal pelvis or ureter (Medical Encyclopedia)
Bladder cancer Bladder cancer is a disease in which certain cells in the bladder become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably to form a tumor. The bladder is a muscular organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine until it can be removed (excreted) from the body.Bladder cancer may cause blood in the urine, pain during urination, frequent urination, the feeling of needing to urinate without being able to, or lower back pain. Many of these signs and symptoms are nonspecific, which means they may occur in multiple disorders. People who have one or more of these nonspecific health problems often do not have bladder cancer, but another condition such as an infection.The most common type of bladder cancer, called non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), involves cells lining the inside of the bladder. NMIBC generally does not spread to other tissues (metastasize), but it often does recur after it has been treated. The other type, called muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), involves cells of the muscle wall of the bladder. MIBC generally does metastasize and is often life-threatening.