Hypoplasia, hypoplastic

"Hypoplasia, hypoplastic" References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries

References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries applicable to the clinical term "hypoplasia, hypoplastic"

  • Hypoplasia, hypoplastic
    • adrenal (gland), congenital - Q89.1 Congenital malformations of adrenal gland
    • alimentary tract, congenital - Q45.8 Other specified congenital malformations of digestive system
      • upper - Q40.8 Other specified congenital malformations of upper alimentary tract
    • anus, anal (canal) - Q42.3 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of anus without fistula
      • with fistula - Q42.2 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of anus with fistula
    • aorta, aortic - Q25.42 Hypoplasia of aorta
      • ascending, in hypoplastic left heart syndrome - Q23.4 Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
      • valve - Q23.1 Congenital insufficiency of aortic valve
        • in hypoplastic left heart syndrome - Q23.4 Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    • areola, congenital - Q83.8 Other congenital malformations of breast
    • arm (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb;
    • artery (peripheral) - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • brain (congenital) - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • coronary - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
      • digestive system - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • lower limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • pulmonary - Q25.79 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary artery
        • functional, unilateral - J43.0 Unilateral pulmonary emphysema [MacLeod's syndrome]
      • retinal (congenital) - Q14.1 Congenital malformation of retina
      • specified site NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • umbilical - Q27.0 Congenital absence and hypoplasia of umbilical artery
      • upper limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
    • auditory canal - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
      • causing impairment of hearing - Q16.9 Congenital malformation of ear causing impairment of hearing, unspecified
    • biliary duct or passage - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • bone NOS - Q79.9 Congenital malformation of musculoskeletal system, unspecified
      • face - Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones
      • marrow - D61.9 Aplastic anemia, unspecified
        • megakaryocytic - D69.49 Other primary thrombocytopenia
      • skull - See: Hypoplasia, skull;
    • brain - Q02 Microcephaly
      • gyri - Q04.3 Other reduction deformities of brain
      • part of - Q04.3 Other reduction deformities of brain
    • breast (areola) - N64.82 Hypoplasia of breast
    • bronchus - Q32.4 Other congenital malformations of bronchus
    • cardiac - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • carpus - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, specified type NEC;
    • cartilage hair - Q78.8 Other specified osteochondrodysplasias
    • cecum - Q42.8 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of other parts of large intestine
    • cementum - K00.4 Disturbances in tooth formation
    • cephalic - Q02 Microcephaly
    • cerebellum - Q04.3 Other reduction deformities of brain
    • cervix (uteri), congenital - Q51.821 Hypoplasia of cervix
    • clavicle (congenital) - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • coccyx - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • colon - Q42.9 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of large intestine, part unspecified
      • specified NEC - Q42.8 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of other parts of large intestine
    • corpus callosum - Q04.0 Congenital malformations of corpus callosum
    • cricoid cartilage - Q31.2 Laryngeal hypoplasia
    • digestive organ (s) or tract NEC - Q45.8 Other specified congenital malformations of digestive system
      • upper (congenital) - Q40.8 Other specified congenital malformations of upper alimentary tract
    • ear (auricle) (lobe) - Q17.2 Microtia
      • middle - Q16.4 Other congenital malformations of middle ear
    • enamel of teeth (neonatal) (postnatal) (prenatal) - K00.4 Disturbances in tooth formation
    • endocrine (gland) NEC - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • endometrium - N85.8 Other specified noninflammatory disorders of uterus
    • epididymis (congenital) - Q55.4 Other congenital malformations of vas deferens, epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate
    • epiglottis - Q31.2 Laryngeal hypoplasia
    • erythroid, congenital - D61.01 Constitutional (pure) red blood cell aplasia
    • esophagus (congenital) - Q39.8 Other congenital malformations of esophagus
    • eustachian tube - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
    • eye - Q11.2 Microphthalmos
    • eyelid (congenital) - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
    • face - Q18.8 Other specified congenital malformations of face and neck
      • bone (s) - Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones
    • femur (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, specified type NEC;
    • fibula (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, specified type NEC;
    • finger (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, specified type NEC;
    • focal dermal - Q82.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skin
    • foot - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, specified type NEC;
    • gallbladder - Q44.0 Agenesis, aplasia and hypoplasia of gallbladder
    • genitalia, genital organ (s)
      • female, congenital - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
        • external - Q52.79 Other congenital malformations of vulva
        • internal NEC - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
      • in adiposogenital dystrophy - E23.6 Other disorders of pituitary gland
    • glottis - Q31.2 Laryngeal hypoplasia
    • hair - Q84.2 Other congenital malformations of hair
    • hand (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, specified type NEC;
    • heart - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • humerus (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, specified type NEC;
    • intestine (small) - Q41.9 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of small intestine, part unspecified
      • large - Q42.9 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of large intestine, part unspecified
        • specified NEC - Q42.8 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of other parts of large intestine
    • jaw - M26.09 Other specified anomalies of jaw size
      • alveolar - M26.79 Other specified alveolar anomalies
      • lower - M26.04 Mandibular hypoplasia
        • alveolar - M26.74 Alveolar mandibular hypoplasia
      • upper - M26.02 Maxillary hypoplasia
        • alveolar - M26.73 Alveolar maxillary hypoplasia
    • kidney (s) - Q60.5 Renal hypoplasia, unspecified
      • bilateral - Q60.4 Renal hypoplasia, bilateral
      • unilateral - Q60.3 Renal hypoplasia, unilateral
    • labium (majus) (minus), congenital - Q52.79 Other congenital malformations of vulva
    • larynx - Q31.2 Laryngeal hypoplasia
    • left heart syndrome - Q23.4 Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    • leg (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb;
    • limb - Q73.8 Other reduction defects of unspecified limb(s)
      • lower (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb;
      • upper (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb;
    • liver - Q44.7 Other congenital malformations of liver
    • lung (lobe) (not associated with short gestation) - Q33.6 Congenital hypoplasia and dysplasia of lung
      • associated with immaturity, low birth weight, prematurity, or short gestation - P28.0 Primary atelectasis of newborn
    • mammary (areola), congenital - Q83.8 Other congenital malformations of breast
    • mandible, mandibular - M26.04 Mandibular hypoplasia
      • alveolar - M26.74 Alveolar mandibular hypoplasia
      • unilateral condylar - M27.8 Other specified diseases of jaws
    • maxillary - M26.02 Maxillary hypoplasia
      • alveolar - M26.73 Alveolar maxillary hypoplasia
    • medullary - D61.9 Aplastic anemia, unspecified
    • megakaryocytic - D69.49 Other primary thrombocytopenia
    • metacarpus - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, specified type NEC;
    • metatarsus - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, specified type NEC;
    • muscle - Q79.8 Other congenital malformations of musculoskeletal system
    • nail (s) - Q84.6 Other congenital malformations of nails
    • nose, nasal - Q30.1 Agenesis and underdevelopment of nose
    • optic nerve - H47.03 Optic nerve hypoplasia
    • osseous meatus (ear) - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
    • ovary, congenital - Q50.39 Other congenital malformation of ovary
    • pancreas - Q45.0 Agenesis, aplasia and hypoplasia of pancreas
    • parathyroid (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • parotid gland - Q38.4 Congenital malformations of salivary glands and ducts
    • patella - Q74.1 Congenital malformation of knee
    • pelvis, pelvic girdle - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • penis (congenital) - Q55.62 Hypoplasia of penis
    • peripheral vascular system - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • digestive system - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • lower limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • specified site NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • upper limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
    • pituitary (gland) (congenital) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • pulmonary (not associated with short gestation) - Q33.6 Congenital hypoplasia and dysplasia of lung
      • artery, functional - J43.0 Unilateral pulmonary emphysema [MacLeod's syndrome]
      • associated with short gestation - P28.0 Primary atelectasis of newborn
    • radioulnar - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb, specified type NEC;
    • radius - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb;
    • rectum - Q42.1 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of rectum without fistula
      • with fistula - Q42.0 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of rectum with fistula
    • respiratory system NEC - Q34.8 Other specified congenital malformations of respiratory system
    • rib - Q76.6 Other congenital malformations of ribs
    • right heart syndrome - Q22.6 Hypoplastic right heart syndrome
    • sacrum - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • scapula - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • scrotum - Q55.1 Hypoplasia of testis and scrotum
    • shoulder girdle - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • skin - Q82.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skin
    • skull (bone) - Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones
      • with
        • anencephaly - Q00.0 Anencephaly
        • encephalocele - See: Encephalocele;
        • hydrocephalus - Q03.9 Congenital hydrocephalus, unspecified
          • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, by site, with hydrocephalus;
        • microcephaly - Q02 Microcephaly
    • spinal (cord) (ventral horn cell) - Q06.1 Hypoplasia and dysplasia of spinal cord
    • spine - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • sternum - Q76.7 Congenital malformation of sternum
    • tarsus - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, specified type NEC;
    • testis - Q55.1 Hypoplasia of testis and scrotum
    • thymic, with immunodeficiency - D82.1 Di George's syndrome
    • thymus (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
      • with immunodeficiency - D82.1 Di George's syndrome
    • thyroid (gland) - E03.1 Congenital hypothyroidism without goiter
      • cartilage - Q31.2 Laryngeal hypoplasia
    • tibiofibular (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, specified type NEC;
    • toe - See: Defect, reduction, lower limb, specified type NEC;
    • tongue - Q38.3 Other congenital malformations of tongue
    • Turner's - K00.4 Disturbances in tooth formation
    • ulna (congenital) - See: Defect, reduction, upper limb;
    • umbilical artery - Q27.0 Congenital absence and hypoplasia of umbilical artery
    • unilateral condylar - M27.8 Other specified diseases of jaws
    • ureter - Q62.8 Other congenital malformations of ureter
    • uterus, congenital - Q51.811 Hypoplasia of uterus
    • vagina - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • vascular NEC peripheral - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • brain - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • digestive system - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • lower limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • specified site NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • upper limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
    • vein (s) (peripheral) - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • brain - Q28.3 Other malformations of cerebral vessels
      • digestive system - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • great - Q26.8 Other congenital malformations of great veins
      • lower limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • specified site NEC - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
      • upper limb - Q27.8 Other specified congenital malformations of peripheral vascular system
    • vena cava (inferior) (superior) - Q26.8 Other congenital malformations of great veins
    • vertebra - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • vulva, congenital - Q52.79 Other congenital malformations of vulva
    • zonule (ciliary) - Q12.8 Other congenital lens malformations

Applicable Clinical Terms Definitions

Anencephaly: A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Cartilage: A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.

Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.

Cerebellum: The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.

Coccyx: The last bone in the VERTEBRAL COLUMN in tailless primates considered to be a vestigial tail-bone consisting of three to five fused VERTEBRAE.

Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.

Corpus Callosum: Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.

Cricoid Cartilage: The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.

Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).

Encephalocele: Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.

Endometrium: The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.

Epiglottis: A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.

Eustachian Tube: A narrow passageway that connects the upper part of the throat to the TYMPANIC CAVITY.

Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.

Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.

Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.

Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.

Glottis: The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.

Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.

Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.

Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.

Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.

Larynx: A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.

Extremities: The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.

Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.

Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.

Metacarpus: The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.

Metatarsus: The part of the foot between the tarsa and the TOES.

Microcephaly: A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)

Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.

Optic Nerve: The 2nd cranial nerve which conveys visual information from the RETINA to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS which sort at the OPTIC CHIASM and continue via the OPTIC TRACTS to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other targets include the SUPERIOR COLLICULI and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEI. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.

Parotid Gland: The largest of the three pairs of SALIVARY GLANDS. They lie on the sides of the FACE immediately below and in front of the EAR.

Patella: The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.

Radius: The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.

Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.

Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.

Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.

Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.

Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.

Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.

Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Sternum: A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.

Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Toes: Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.

Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.

Umbilical Arteries: Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.

Upper Extremity: The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.

Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.