Diagnosis Code H53.021
Information for Medical Professionals
The diagnosis code H53.021 is grouped in the following Diagnostic Related Group(s) (MS-DRG V34.0)
Convert to ICD-9 General Equivalence Map
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- 368.03 - Refractive amblyopia (approximate) Approximate Flag
The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
Information for Patients
Also called: Lazy eye
Amblyopia, or "lazy eye," is the most common cause of visual impairment in children. It happens when an eye fails to work properly with the brain. The eye may look normal, but the brain favors the other eye. In some cases, it can affect both eyes. Causes include
- Strabismus - a disorder in which the two eyes don't line up in the same direction
- Refractive error in an eye - when one eye cannot focus as well as the other, because of a problem with its shape. This includes nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
- Cataract - a clouding in the lens of the eye
It can be hard to diagnose amblyopia. It is often found during a routine vision exam.
Treatment for amblyopia forces the child to use the eye with weaker vision. There are two common ways to do this. One is to have the child wear a patch over the good eye for several hours each day, over a number of weeks to months. The other is with eye drops that temporarily blur vision. Each day, the child gets a drop of a drug called atropine in the stronger eye. It is also sometimes necessary to treat the underlying cause. This could include glasses or surgery.
NIH: National Eye Institute
- Amblyopia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Facts about Amblyopia - NIH (National Eye Institute)
- Standard ophthalmic exam (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Farsightedness, Hyperopia, Myopia, Nearsightedness
The cornea and lens of your eye helps you focus. Refractive errors are vision problems that happen when the shape of the eye keeps you from focusing well. The cause could be the length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens.
Four common refractive errors are
- Myopia, or nearsightedness - clear vision close up but blurry in the distance
- Hyperopia, or farsightedness - clear vision in the distance but blurry close up
- Presbyopia - inability to focus close up as a result of aging
- Astigmatism - focus problems caused by the cornea
The most common symptom is blurred vision. Other symptoms may include double vision, haziness, glare or halos around bright lights, squinting, headaches, or eye strain.
Glasses or contact lenses can usually correct refractive errors. Laser eye surgery may also be a possibility.
NIH: National Eye Institute
- Astigmatism (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Facts about Presbyopia - NIH (National Eye Institute)
- Farsightedness (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Nearsightedness (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Presbyopia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Refraction test (Medical Encyclopedia)