Obstruction, obstructed, obstructive

Alphabetical Index

Use the alphabetical index for the main term obstruction, obstructed, obstructive to review the available sub terms and properly select the ICD-10 code with the highest degree of specificity. Instructional notations will guide the coder with information such as "see", "see also", "with", "without", "due to", and "code by site".

  • Obstruction, obstructed, obstructive
    • airway - J98.8 Other specified respiratory disorders
      • chronic - J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified
        • with
          • allergic alveolitis - See: Pneumonitis, hypersensitivity;
          • bronchiectasis - J47.9 Bronchiectasis, uncomplicated
            • with
              • exacerbation (acute) - J47.1 Bronchiectasis with (acute) exacerbation
              • lower respiratory infection - J47.0 Bronchiectasis with acute lower respiratory infection
      • due to
        • foreign body - See: Foreign body, by site, causing asphyxia;
        • inhalation of fumes or vapors - J68.9 Unspecified respiratory condition due to chemicals, gases, fumes and vapors
        • laryngospasm - J38.5 Laryngeal spasm
      • with
        • allergic alveolitis - J67.9 Hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to unspecified organic dust
        • asthma - J45.909 Unspecified asthma, uncomplicated
          • with
            • exacerbation (acute) - J45.901 Unspecified asthma with (acute) exacerbation
            • status asthmaticus - J45.902 Unspecified asthma with status asthmaticus
        • bronchiectasis - J47.9 Bronchiectasis, uncomplicated
          • with
            • exacerbation (acute) - J47.1 Bronchiectasis with (acute) exacerbation
            • lower respiratory infection - J47.0 Bronchiectasis with acute lower respiratory infection
        • bronchitis (chronic) - J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified
        • emphysema - J43.9 Emphysema, unspecified
    • ampulla of Vater - K83.1 Obstruction of bile duct
    • aortic (heart) (valve) - See: Stenosis, aortic;
    • aortoiliac - I74.09 Other arterial embolism and thrombosis of abdominal aorta
    • aqueduct of Sylvius - G91.1 Obstructive hydrocephalus
      • congenital - Q03.0 Malformations of aqueduct of Sylvius
        • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, by site, with hydrocephalus;
    • Arnold-Chiari - See: Arnold-Chiari disease;
    • artery - See Also: Atherosclerosis, artery; - I70.9 Other and unspecified atherosclerosis
      • basilar (complete) (partial) - See: Occlusion, artery, basilar;
      • carotid (complete) (partial) - See: Occlusion, artery, carotid;
      • cerebellar - See: Occlusion, artery, cerebellar;
      • cerebral (anterior) (middle) (posterior) - See: Occlusion, artery, cerebral;
      • precerebral - See: Occlusion, artery, precerebral;
      • renal - N28.0 Ischemia and infarction of kidney
      • retinal NEC - See: Occlusion, artery, retina;
      • stent - See: Restenosis, stent;
      • vertebral (complete) (partial) - See: Occlusion, artery, vertebral;
    • band (intestinal) - See Also: Obstruction, intestine, specified NEC; - K56.699 Other intestinal obstruction unspecified as to partial versus complete obstruction
    • bile duct or passage (common) (hepatic) (noncalculous) - K83.1 Obstruction of bile duct
      • congenital (causing jaundice) - Q44.3 Congenital stenosis and stricture of bile ducts
      • with calculus - K80.51 Calculus of bile duct without cholangitis or cholecystitis with obstruction
    • biliary (duct) (tract) - K83.1 Obstruction of bile duct
      • gallbladder - K82.0 Obstruction of gallbladder
    • bladder-neck (acquired) - N32.0 Bladder-neck obstruction
      • congenital - Q64.31 Congenital bladder neck obstruction
      • due to hyperplasia (hypertrophy) of prostate - See: Hyperplasia, prostate;
    • bowel - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • bronchus - J98.09 Other diseases of bronchus, not elsewhere classified
    • canal, ear - See: Stenosis, external ear canal;
    • cardia - K22.2 Esophageal obstruction
    • caval veins (inferior) (superior) - I87.1 Compression of vein
    • cecum - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • circulatory - I99.8 Other disorder of circulatory system
    • colon - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • common duct (noncalculous) - K83.1 Obstruction of bile duct
    • coronary (artery) - See: Occlusion, coronary;
    • cystic duct - See Also: Obstruction, gallbladder;
      • with calculus - K80.21 Calculus of gallbladder without cholecystitis with obstruction
    • device, implant or graft - See Also: Complications, by site and type, mechanical; - T85.698 Other mechanical complication of other specified internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
      • arterial graft NEC - See: Complication, cardiovascular device, mechanical, vascular;
      • catheter NEC - T85.628 Displacement of other specified internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
        • cystostomy - T83.090 Other mechanical complication of cystostomy catheter
        • dialysis (renal) - T82.49 Other complication of vascular dialysis catheter
          • intraperitoneal - T85.691 Other mechanical complication of intraperitoneal dialysis catheter
        • Hopkins - T83.098 Other mechanical complication of other urinary catheter
        • ileostomy - T83.098 Other mechanical complication of other urinary catheter
        • infusion NEC - T82.594 Other mechanical complication of infusion catheter
          • spinal (epidural) (subdural) - T85.690 Other mechanical complication of cranial or spinal infusion catheter
        • nephrostomy - T83.092 Other mechanical complication of nephrostomy catheter
        • urethral indwelling - T83.091 Other mechanical complication of indwelling urethral catheter
        • urinary - T83.098 Other mechanical complication of other urinary catheter
        • urostomy - T83.098 Other mechanical complication of other urinary catheter
      • due to infection - T85.79 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
      • gastrointestinal - See: Complications, prosthetic device, mechanical, gastrointestinal device;
      • genital NEC - T83.498 Other mechanical complication of other prosthetic devices, implants and grafts of genital tract
        • intrauterine contraceptive device - T83.39 Other mechanical complication of intrauterine contraceptive device
        • penile prosthesis (cylinder) (implanted) (pump) (resevoir) - T83.490 Other mechanical complication of implanted penile prosthesis
        • testicular prosthesis - T83.491 Other mechanical complication of implanted testicular prosthesis
      • heart NEC - See: Complication, cardiovascular device, mechanical;
      • joint prosthesis - See: Complications, joint prosthesis, mechanical, specified NEC, by site;
      • orthopedic NEC - See: Complication, orthopedic, device, mechanical;
      • specified NEC - T85.628 Displacement of other specified internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
      • urinary NEC - See Also: Complication, genitourinary, device, urinary, mechanical;
        • graft - T83.29 Other mechanical complication of graft of urinary organ
      • vascular NEC - See: Complication, cardiovascular device, mechanical;
      • ventricular intracranial shunt - T85.09 Other mechanical complication of ventricular intracranial (communicating) shunt
    • due to foreign body accidentally left in operative wound - T81.529 Obstruction due to foreign body accidentally left in body following unspecified procedure
    • duodenum - K31.5 Obstruction of duodenum
    • ejaculatory duct - N50.89 Other specified disorders of the male genital organs
    • esophagus - K22.2 Esophageal obstruction
    • eustachian tube (complete) (partial) - H68.10 Unspecified obstruction of Eustachian tube
      • cartilagenous (extrinsic) - H68.13 Extrinsic cartilagenous obstruction of Eustachian tube
        • intrinsic - H68.12 Intrinsic cartilagenous obstruction of Eustachian tube
      • osseous - H68.11 Osseous obstruction of Eustachian tube
    • fallopian tube (bilateral) - N97.1 Female infertility of tubal origin
    • fecal - K56.41 Fecal impaction
      • with hernia - See: Hernia, by site, with obstruction;
    • foramen of Monro (congenital) - Q03.8 Other congenital hydrocephalus
      • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, by site, with hydrocephalus;
    • foreign body - See: Foreign body;
    • gallbladder - K82.0 Obstruction of gallbladder
      • congenital - Q44.1 Other congenital malformations of gallbladder
      • with calculus, stones - K80.21 Calculus of gallbladder without cholecystitis with obstruction
    • gastric outlet - K31.1 Adult hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    • gastrointestinal - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • hepatic - K76.89 Other specified diseases of liver
      • duct (noncalculous) - K83.1 Obstruction of bile duct
    • hepatobiliary - K83.1 Obstruction of bile duct
    • ileum - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • iliofemoral (artery) - I74.5 Embolism and thrombosis of iliac artery
    • intestine - K56.609 Unspecified intestinal obstruction, unspecified as to partial versus complete obstruction
      • adynamic - K56.0 Paralytic ileus
      • by gallstone - K56.3 Gallstone ileus
      • complete - K56.601 Complete intestinal obstruction, unspecified as to cause
      • congenital (small) - Q41.9 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of small intestine, part unspecified
        • large - Q42.9 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of large intestine, part unspecified
          • specified part NEC - Q42.8 Congenital absence, atresia and stenosis of other parts of large intestine
      • incomplete - K56.600 Partial intestinal obstruction, unspecified as to cause
      • neurogenic - K56.0 Paralytic ileus
        • Hirschsprung's disease or megacolon - Q43.1 Hirschsprung's disease
      • newborn - P76.9 Intestinal obstruction of newborn, unspecified
        • due to
          • fecaliths - P76.8 Other specified intestinal obstruction of newborn
          • inspissated milk - P76.2 Intestinal obstruction due to inspissated milk
          • meconium (plug) - P76.0 Meconium plug syndrome
            • in mucoviscidosis - E84.11 Meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis
        • specified NEC - P76.8 Other specified intestinal obstruction of newborn
      • partial - K56.600 Partial intestinal obstruction, unspecified as to cause
      • postoperative - K91.30 Postprocedural intestinal obstruction, unspecified as to partial versus complete
        • complete - K91.32 Postprocedural complete intestinal obstruction
        • incomplete - K91.31 Postprocedural partial intestinal obstruction
        • partial - K91.31 Postprocedural partial intestinal obstruction
      • reflex - K56.0 Paralytic ileus
      • specified NEC - K56.699 Other intestinal obstruction unspecified as to partial versus complete obstruction
        • complete - K56.691 Other complete intestinal obstruction
        • incomplete - K56.690 Other partial intestinal obstruction
        • partial - K56.690 Other partial intestinal obstruction
      • volvulus - K56.2 Volvulus
      • with
        • adhesions (intestinal) (peritoneal) - K56.50 Intestinal adhesions [bands], unspecified as to partial versus complete obstruction
          • complete - K56.52 Intestinal adhesions [bands] with complete obstruction
          • incomplete - K56.51 Intestinal adhesions [bands], with partial obstruction
          • partial - K56.51 Intestinal adhesions [bands], with partial obstruction
    • intracardiac ball valve prosthesis - T82.09 Other mechanical complication of heart valve prosthesis
    • jejunum - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • joint prosthesis - See: Complications, joint prosthesis, mechanical, specified NEC, by site;
    • kidney (calices) - N28.89 Other specified disorders of kidney and ureter
    • labor - See: Delivery;
    • lacrimal (passages) (duct)
      • by
        • dacryolith - See: Dacryolith;
        • stenosis - See: Stenosis, lacrimal;
      • congenital - Q10.5 Congenital stenosis and stricture of lacrimal duct
      • neonatal - H04.53 Neonatal obstruction of nasolacrimal duct
    • lacrimonasal duct - See: Obstruction, lacrimal;
    • lacteal, with steatorrhea - K90.2 Blind loop syndrome, not elsewhere classified
    • laryngitis - See: Laryngitis;
    • larynx NEC - J38.6 Stenosis of larynx
      • congenital - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
    • lung - J98.4 Other disorders of lung
      • disease, chronic - J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified
    • lymphatic - I89.0 Lymphedema, not elsewhere classified
    • meconium (plug)
      • newborn - P76.0 Meconium plug syndrome
        • due to fecaliths - P76.0 Meconium plug syndrome
        • in mucoviscidosis - E84.11 Meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis
    • mitral - See: Stenosis, mitral;
    • nasal - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
    • nasolacrimal duct - See Also: Obstruction, lacrimal;
      • congenital - Q10.5 Congenital stenosis and stricture of lacrimal duct
    • nasopharynx - J39.2 Other diseases of pharynx
    • nose - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
    • organ or site, congenital NEC - See: Atresia, by site;
    • pancreatic duct - K86.89 Other specified diseases of pancreas
    • parotid duct or gland - K11.8 Other diseases of salivary glands
    • pelviureteral junction - N13.5 Crossing vessel and stricture of ureter without hydronephrosis
      • congenital - Q62.39 Other obstructive defects of renal pelvis and ureter
      • with hydronephrosis - N13.0 Hydronephrosis with ureteropelvic junction obstruction
    • pharynx - J39.2 Other diseases of pharynx
    • portal (circulation) (vein) - I81 Portal vein thrombosis
    • prostate - See Also: Hyperplasia, prostate;
      • valve (urinary) - N32.0 Bladder-neck obstruction
    • pulmonary valve (heart) - I37.0 Nonrheumatic pulmonary valve stenosis
    • pyelonephritis (chronic) - N11.1 Chronic obstructive pyelonephritis
    • pylorus
      • adult - K31.1 Adult hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
      • congenital or infantile - Q40.0 Congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    • rectosigmoid - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • rectum - K62.4 Stenosis of anus and rectum
    • renal - N28.89 Other specified disorders of kidney and ureter
      • outflow - N13.8 Other obstructive and reflux uropathy
      • pelvis, congenital - Q62.39 Other obstructive defects of renal pelvis and ureter
    • respiratory - J98.8 Other specified respiratory disorders
      • chronic - J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified
    • retinal (vessels) - H34.9 Unspecified retinal vascular occlusion
    • salivary duct (any) - K11.8 Other diseases of salivary glands
      • with calculus - K11.5 Sialolithiasis
    • sigmoid - See: Obstruction, intestine;
    • sinus (accessory) (nasal) - J34.89 Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses
    • Stensen's duct - K11.8 Other diseases of salivary glands
    • stomach NEC - K31.89 Other diseases of stomach and duodenum
      • acute - K31.0 Acute dilatation of stomach
      • congenital - Q40.2 Other specified congenital malformations of stomach
      • due to pylorospasm - K31.3 Pylorospasm, not elsewhere classified
    • submandibular duct - K11.8 Other diseases of salivary glands
    • submaxillary gland - K11.8 Other diseases of salivary glands
      • with calculus - K11.5 Sialolithiasis
    • thoracic duct - I89.0 Lymphedema, not elsewhere classified
    • thrombotic - See: Thrombosis;
    • trachea - J39.8 Other specified diseases of upper respiratory tract
    • tracheostomy airway - J95.03 Malfunction of tracheostomy stoma
    • tricuspid (valve) - See: Stenosis, tricuspid;
    • upper respiratory, congenital - Q34.8 Other specified congenital malformations of respiratory system
    • ureter (functional) (pelvic junction) NEC - N13.5 Crossing vessel and stricture of ureter without hydronephrosis
      • congenital - Q62.39 Other obstructive defects of renal pelvis and ureter
      • due to calculus - See: Calculus, ureter;
      • with
        • hydronephrosis - N13.1 Hydronephrosis with ureteral stricture, not elsewhere classified
          • with infection - N13.6 Pyonephrosis
        • pyelonephritis (chronic) - N11.1 Chronic obstructive pyelonephritis
    • urethra NEC - N36.8 Other specified disorders of urethra
      • congenital - Q64.39 Other atresia and stenosis of urethra and bladder neck
    • urinary (moderate) - N13.9 Obstructive and reflux uropathy, unspecified
      • due to hyperplasia (hypertrophy) of prostate - See: Hyperplasia, prostate;
      • organ or tract (lower) - N13.9 Obstructive and reflux uropathy, unspecified
      • prostatic valve - N32.0 Bladder-neck obstruction
      • specified NEC - N13.8 Other obstructive and reflux uropathy
    • uropathy - N13.9 Obstructive and reflux uropathy, unspecified
    • uterus - N85.8 Other specified noninflammatory disorders of uterus
    • vagina - N89.5 Stricture and atresia of vagina
    • valvular - See: Endocarditis;
    • vein, venous - I87.1 Compression of vein
      • caval (inferior) (superior) - I87.1 Compression of vein
      • thrombotic - See: Thrombosis;
    • vena cava (inferior) (superior) - I87.1 Compression of vein
    • vesical NEC - N32.0 Bladder-neck obstruction
    • vesicourethral orifice - N32.0 Bladder-neck obstruction
      • congenital - Q64.31 Congenital bladder neck obstruction
    • vessel NEC - I99.8 Other disorder of circulatory system
      • stent - See: Restenosis, stent;

Clinical Terms

The following are some of the clinical term definitions related or applicable to obstruction, obstructed, obstructive within the ICD-10 index for Diseases and Injuries.

Adult: A person having attained full growth or maturity. Adults are of 19 through 44 years of age. For a person between 19 and 24 years of age, YOUNG ADULT is available.

Ampulla of Vater: A dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the COMMON BILE DUCT and the MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla.

Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.

Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).

Bronchiectasis: Persistent abnormal dilatation of the bronchi.

Cardia: That part of the STOMACH close to the opening from ESOPHAGUS into the stomach (cardiac orifice), the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION. The cardia is so named because of its closeness to the HEART. Cardia is characterized by the lack of acid-forming cells (GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS).

Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.

Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.

Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.

Cystostomy: Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.

Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)

Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.

Ejaculatory Ducts: Paired ducts in the human male through which semen is ejaculated into the urethra.

Emphysema: A pathological accumulation of air in tissues or organs.

Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.

Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.

Transplants: Organs, tissues, or cells taken from the body for grafting into another area of the same body or into another individual.

Hydronephrosis: Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

Ileostomy: Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.

Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.

Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.

Jejunum: The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.

Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)

Laryngitis: Inflammation of the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA, including the VOCAL CORDS. Laryngitis is characterized by irritation, edema, and reduced pliability of the mucosa leading to VOICE DISORDERS such as APHONIA and HOARSENESS.

Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.

Nasolacrimal Duct: A tubular duct that conveys TEARS from the LACRIMAL GLAND to the nose.

Nasopharynx: The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.

Nephrotomy: Surgical incision into any part of the kidney.

Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first 28 days after birth.

Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.

Pancreatic Ducts: Ducts that collect PANCREATIC JUICE from the PANCREAS and supply it to the DUODENUM.

Pharynx: A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).

Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.

Pylorus: The region of the STOMACH at the junction with the DUODENUM. It is marked by the thickening of circular muscle layers forming the pyloric sphincter to control the opening and closure of the lumen.

Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.

Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.

Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.

Thoracic Duct: The largest lymphatic vessel that passes through the chest and drains into the SUBCLAVIAN VEIN.

Trachea: The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.

Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Intestinal Volvulus: A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.