Information for Patients
Dizziness and Vertigo
When you're dizzy, you may feel lightheaded, woozy, or disoriented. If you feel like you or the room are spinning, you have vertigo. These feelings may make you lose your balance.
Dizziness can have many different causes. A sudden drop in blood pressure or being dehydrated can make you dizzy. Many people feel lightheaded if they get up too quickly from sitting or lying down. Certain medicines and problems with your inner ear may cause dizziness. So can motion sickness. Sometimes dizziness can be a symptom of other disorders.
As people get older, they may have more health problems and take more medicines. This makes them more likely to have problems with dizziness and balance.
Dizziness usually gets better by itself or is easily treated. If you are dizzy often, you should see your health care provider to find the cause.
NIH: National Institutes of Health
- Benign positional vertigo (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Benign positional vertigo -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Dizziness (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Dizziness and vertigo -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Electronystagmography (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Epley maneuver (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Labyrinthitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vertigo-associated disorders (Medical Encyclopedia)
Your ear has three main parts: outer, middle and inner. You use all of them in hearing. Sound waves come in through your outer ear. They reach your middle ear, where they make your eardrum vibrate. The vibrations are transmitted through three tiny bones, called ossicles, in your middle ear. The vibrations travel to your inner ear, a snail-shaped organ. The inner ear makes the nerve impulses that are sent to the brain. Your brain recognizes them as sounds. The inner ear also controls balance.
A variety of conditions may affect your hearing or balance:
- Ear infections are the most common illness in infants and young children.
- Tinnitus, a roaring in your ears, can be the result of loud noises, medicines or a variety of other causes.
- Meniere's disease may be the result of fluid problems in your inner ear; its symptoms include tinnitus and dizziness.
- Ear barotrauma is an injury to your ear because of changes in barometric (air) or water pressure.
Some ear disorders can result in hearing disorders and deafness.
- Aural polyps (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Benign ear cyst or tumor (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear emergencies (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear examination (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Earache (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Eardrum repair (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Otosclerosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ruptured eardrum (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Tympanometry (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Wax blockage (Medical Encyclopedia)
A fistula is an abnormal connection between two parts inside of the body. Fistulas may develop between different organs, such as between the esophagus and the windpipe or the bowel and the vagina. They can also develop between two blood vessels, such as between an artery and a vein or between two arteries.
Some people are born with a fistula. Other common causes of fistulas include
- Complications from surgery
- Diseases, such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
Treatment depends on the cause of the fistula, where it is, and how bad it is. Some fistulas will close on their own. In some cases, you may need antibiotics and/or surgery.
- Fistula (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gastrointestinal fistula (Medical Encyclopedia)