ICD-10-CM Code E40

Kwashiorkor

Version 2021 Billable Code

Valid for Submission

E40 is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of kwashiorkor. The code is valid for the fiscal year 2021 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. The ICD-10-CM code E40 might also be used to specify conditions or terms like kwashiorkor.

ICD-10:E40
Short Description:Kwashiorkor
Long Description:Kwashiorkor

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code E40:

Inclusion Terms

Inclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • Severe malnutrition with nutritional edema with dyspigmentation of skin and hair

Type 1 Excludes

Type 1 Excludes
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • marasmic kwashiorkor E42

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code E40 are found in the index:


Synonyms

The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Kwashiorkor

Clinical Information

  • KWASHIORKOR-. a syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency characterized by retarded growth changes in skin and hair pigment edema and pathologic changes in the liver including fatty infiltration necrosis and fibrosis. the word is a local name in gold coast africa meaning "displaced child". although first reported from africa kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. it is considered to be related to marasmus. from dorland 27th ed

Diagnostic Related Groups

The ICD-10 code E40 is grouped in the following groups for version MS-DRG V38.0 What are Diagnostic Related Groups?
The Diagnostic Related Groups (DRGs) are a patient classification scheme which provides a means of relating the type of patients a hospital treats. The DRGs divides all possible principal diagnoses into mutually exclusive principal diagnosis areas referred to as Major Diagnostic Categories (MDC).
applicable from 10/01/2020 through 09/30/2021.

  • 640 - MISCELLANEOUS DISORDERS OF NUTRITION, METABOLISM, FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES WITH MCC
  • 641 - MISCELLANEOUS DISORDERS OF NUTRITION, METABOLISM, FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES WITHOUT MCC

Convert E40 to ICD-9

  • 260 - Kwashiorkor (Approximate Flag)

Code Classification

  • Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00–E90)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020
  • FY 2021 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2020 through 9/30/2021

Information for Patients


Malnutrition

Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. If you don't get enough nutrients -- including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals - you may suffer from malnutrition.

Causes of malnutrition include:

  • Lack of specific nutrients in your diet. Even the lack of one vitamin can lead to malnutrition.
  • An unbalanced diet
  • Certain medical problems, such as malabsorption syndromes and cancers

Symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness, and weight loss. Or, you may have no symptoms. To diagnose the cause of the problem, your doctor may do blood tests and a nutritional assessment. Treatment may include replacing the missing nutrients and treating the underlying cause.

  • Beriberi (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Kwashiorkor (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Malnutrition (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Pellagra (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Pica (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Scurvy (Medical Encyclopedia)

[Learn More]