Primary disorders of muscles (G71)

Browse all the diagnosis codes used for primary disorders of muscles (g71). For easy navigation, the diagnosis codes are sorted in alphabetical order and grouped by sections. Each section is clearly marked with its description, and the corresponding three-digit code range. This format makes it simple to browse diagnosis codes in this chapter or section and find what you're looking for. We've also added green checkmark icons to label billable codes, and red warning icons for non-billable ones. This makes it easy to identify which codes can be billed.

Clinical Information

Isaacs Syndrome - A rare neuromuscular disorder with onset usually in late childhood or early adulthood, characterized by intermittent or continuous widespread involuntary muscle contractions; FASCICULATION; hyporeflexia; MUSCLE CRAMP; MUSCLE WEAKNESS; HYPERHIDROSIS; TACHYCARDIA; and MYOKYMIA. Involvement of pharyngeal or laryngeal muscles may interfere with speech and breathing. The continuous motor activity persists during sleep and general anesthesia (distinguishing this condition from STIFF-PERSON SYNDROME). Familial and acquired (primarily autoimmune) forms have been reported. (From Ann NY Acad Sci 1998 May 13;841:482-496; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1491)

Myotonia - Prolonged failure of muscle relaxation after contraction. This may occur after voluntary contractions, muscle percussion, or electrical stimulation of the muscle. Myotonia is a characteristic feature of MYOTONIC DISORDERS.

Myotonia Congenita - Inherited myotonic disorders with early childhood onset MYOTONIA. Muscular hypertrophy is common and myotonia may impair ambulation and other movements. It is classified as Thomsen (autosomal dominant) or Becker (autosomal recessive) generalized myotonia mainly based on the inheritance pattern. Becker type is also clinically more severe. An autosomal dominant variant with milder symptoms and later onset is known as myotonia levior. Mutations in the voltage-dependent skeletal muscle chloride channel are associated with the disorders.

Myotonic Disorders - Diseases characterized by MYOTONIA, which may be inherited or acquired. Myotonia may be restricted to certain muscles (e.g., intrinsic hand muscles) or occur as a generalized condition.

Myotonic Dystrophy - Neuromuscular disorder characterized by PROGRESSIVE MUSCULAR ATROPHY; MYOTONIA, and various multisystem atrophies. Mild INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may also occur. Abnormal TRINUCLEOTIDE REPEAT EXPANSION in the 3' UNTRANSLATED REGIONS of DMPK PROTEIN gene is associated with Myotonic Dystrophy 1. DNA REPEAT EXPANSION of zinc finger protein-9 gene intron is associated with Myotonic Dystrophy 2.

Myotonin-Protein Kinase - Serine/threonine protein kinase responsible for various SKELETAL MUSCLE functions; HEART CONDUCTION SYSTEM activity; calcium HOMEOSTASIS; calcium uptake by SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM and SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY. It is encoded by the DMPK gene and its abnormal EXPANDED TRINUCLEOTIDE REPEAT of CTG in the 3'-UTR is associated with MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY 1.

Osteochondrodysplasias - Abnormal development of cartilage and bone.

Instructional Notations

Type 2 Excludes

A type 2 excludes note represents "Not included here". An excludes2 note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When an Excludes2 note appears under a code, it is acceptable to use both the code and the excluded code together, when appropriate.

  • arthrogryposis multiplex congenita Q74.3
  • metabolic disorders E70 E88
  • myositis M60
  • Diseases of the nervous system (G00–G99)

    • Diseases of myoneural junction and muscle (G70-G73)

        • Primary disorders of muscles (G71)

        • G71 Primary disorders of muscles
        • G71.0 Muscular dystrophy
        • G71.00 Muscular dystrophy, unspecified
        • G71.01 Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy
        • G71.02 Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
        • G71.03 Limb girdle muscular dystrophies
        • G71.031 Autosomal dominant limb girdle muscular dystrophy
        • G71.032 Autosomal recessive limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to calpain-3 dysfunction
        • G71.033 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to dysferlin dysfunction
        • G71.034 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to sarcoglycan dysfunction
        • G71.0340 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to sarcoglycan dysfunction, unspecified
        • G71.0341 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to alpha sarcoglycan dysfunction
        • G71.0342 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to beta sarcoglycan dysfunction
        • G71.0349 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to other sarcoglycan dysfunction
        • G71.035 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy due to anoctamin-5 dysfunction
        • G71.038 Other limb girdle muscular dystrophy
        • G71.039 Limb girdle muscular dystrophy, unspecified
        • G71.09 Other specified muscular dystrophies
        • G71.1 Myotonic disorders
        • G71.11 Myotonic muscular dystrophy
        • G71.12 Myotonia congenita
        • G71.13 Myotonic chondrodystrophy
        • G71.14 Drug induced myotonia
        • G71.19 Other specified myotonic disorders
        • G71.2 Congenital myopathies
        • G71.20 Congenital myopathy, unspecified
        • G71.21 Nemaline myopathy
        • G71.22 Centronuclear myopathy
        • G71.220 X-linked myotubular myopathy
        • G71.228 Other centronuclear myopathy
        • G71.29 Other congenital myopathy
        • G71.3 Mitochondrial myopathy, not elsewhere classified
        • G71.8 Other primary disorders of muscles
        • G71.9 Primary disorder of muscle, unspecified