Distortion (s) (congenital)

Alphabetical Index

Use the alphabetical index for the main term distortion (s) (congenital) to review the available sub terms and properly select the ICD-10 code with the highest degree of specificity. Instructional notations will guide the coder with information such as "see", "see also", "with", "without", "due to", and "code by site".

  • Distortion (s) (congenital)
    • adrenal (gland) - Q89.1 Congenital malformations of adrenal gland
    • arm NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • bile duct or passage - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • bladder - Q64.79 Other congenital malformations of bladder and urethra
    • brain - Q04.9 Congenital malformation of brain, unspecified
    • cervix (uteri) - Q51.9 Congenital malformation of uterus and cervix, unspecified
    • chest (wall) - Q67.8 Other congenital deformities of chest
      • bones - Q76.8 Other congenital malformations of bony thorax
    • clavicle - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • clitoris - Q52.6 Congenital malformation of clitoris
    • coccyx - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • common duct - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • coronary - Q24.5 Malformation of coronary vessels
    • cystic duct - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • ear (auricle) (external) - Q17.3 Other misshapen ear
      • inner - Q16.5 Congenital malformation of inner ear
      • middle - Q16.4 Other congenital malformations of middle ear
        • ossicles - Q16.3 Congenital malformation of ear ossicles
    • endocrine NEC - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • eustachian tube - Q17.8 Other specified congenital malformations of ear
    • eye (adnexa) - Q15.8 Other specified congenital malformations of eye
    • face bone (s) NEC - Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones
    • fallopian tube - Q50.6 Other congenital malformations of fallopian tube and broad ligament
    • femur NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • fibula NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • finger (s) - Q68.1 Congenital deformity of finger(s) and hand
    • foot - Q66.9 Congenital deformity of feet, unspecified
    • genitalia, genital organ (s)
      • female - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
        • external - Q52.79 Other congenital malformations of vulva
        • internal NEC - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
    • gyri - Q04.8 Other specified congenital malformations of brain
    • hand bone (s) - Q68.1 Congenital deformity of finger(s) and hand
    • heart (auricle) (ventricle) - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
      • valve (cusp) - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
    • hepatic duct - Q44.5 Other congenital malformations of bile ducts
    • humerus NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • hymen - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • intrafamilial communications - Z63.8 Other specified problems related to primary support group
    • jaw NEC - M26.89 Other dentofacial anomalies
    • labium (majus) (minus) - Q52.79 Other congenital malformations of vulva
    • leg NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • lens - Q12.8 Other congenital lens malformations
    • liver - Q44.7 Other congenital malformations of liver
    • lumbar spine - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • with disproportion - O33.8 Maternal care for disproportion of other origin
        • causing obstructed labor - O65.0 Obstructed labor due to deformed pelvis
    • lumbosacral (joint) (region) - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • kyphosis - See: Kyphosis, congenital;
      • lordosis - See: Lordosis, congenital;
    • nerve - Q07.8 Other specified congenital malformations of nervous system
    • nose - Q30.8 Other congenital malformations of nose
    • organ
      • of Corti - Q16.5 Congenital malformation of inner ear
      • or site not listed - See: Anomaly, by site;
    • ossicles, ear - Q16.3 Congenital malformation of ear ossicles
    • oviduct - Q50.6 Other congenital malformations of fallopian tube and broad ligament
    • pancreas - Q45.3 Other congenital malformations of pancreas and pancreatic duct
    • parathyroid (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • pituitary (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • radius NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • sacroiliac joint - Q74.2 Other congenital malformations of lower limb(s), including pelvic girdle
    • sacrum - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
    • scapula - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • shoulder girdle - Q74.0 Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle
    • skull bone (s) NEC - Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones
      • with
        • anencephalus - Q00.0 Anencephaly
        • encephalocele - See: Encephalocele;
        • hydrocephalus - Q03.9 Congenital hydrocephalus, unspecified
          • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, with hydrocephalus;
        • microcephaly - Q02 Microcephaly
    • spinal cord - Q06.8 Other specified congenital malformations of spinal cord
    • spine - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • kyphosis - See: Kyphosis, congenital;
      • lordosis - See: Lordosis, congenital;
    • spleen - Q89.09 Congenital malformations of spleen
    • sternum NEC - Q76.7 Congenital malformation of sternum
    • thorax (wall) - Q67.8 Other congenital deformities of chest
      • bony - Q76.8 Other congenital malformations of bony thorax
    • thymus (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • thyroid (gland) - Q89.2 Congenital malformations of other endocrine glands
    • tibia NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • toe (s) - Q66.9 Congenital deformity of feet, unspecified
    • tongue - Q38.3 Other congenital malformations of tongue
    • trachea (cartilage) - Q32.1 Other congenital malformations of trachea
    • ulna NEC - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities
    • ureter - Q62.8 Other congenital malformations of ureter
    • urethra - Q64.79 Other congenital malformations of bladder and urethra
      • causing obstruction - Q64.39 Other atresia and stenosis of urethra and bladder neck
    • uterus - Q51.9 Congenital malformation of uterus and cervix, unspecified
    • vagina - Q52.4 Other congenital malformations of vagina
    • vertebra - Q76.49 Other congenital malformations of spine, not associated with scoliosis
      • kyphosis - See: Kyphosis, congenital;
      • lordosis - See: Lordosis, congenital;
    • visual - See Also: Disturbance, vision;
      • shape and size - H53.15 Visual distortions of shape and size
    • vulva - Q52.79 Other congenital malformations of vulva
    • wrist (bones) (joint) - Q68.8 Other specified congenital musculoskeletal deformities

Clinical Terms

The following are some of the clinical term definitions related or applicable to distortion (s) (congenital) within the ICD-10 index for Diseases and Injuries.

Anencephaly: A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)

Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principal cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.

Clitoris: An erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora.

Coccyx: The last bone in the VERTEBRAL COLUMN in tailless primates considered to be a vestigial tail-bone consisting of three to five fused VERTEBRAE.

Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.

Encephalocele: Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.

Eustachian Tube: A narrow passageway that connects the upper part of the throat to the TYMPANIC CAVITY.

Fallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.

Female:

Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.

Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.

Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.

Hymen: A thin fold of MUCOUS MEMBRANE situated at the orifice of the vagina.

Kyphosis: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.

Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.

Lordosis: The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).

Microcephaly: A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)

Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.

Oviducts: Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.

Sacroiliac Joint: The immovable joint formed by the lateral surfaces of the SACRUM and ILIUM.

Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.

Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.

Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.

Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.

Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.

Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.

Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Vulva: The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.