Screening (for)

  • Screening (for) - Z13.9 Encounter for screening, unspecified
    • alcoholism - Z13.39 Encounter for screening examination for other mental health and behavioral disorders
    • anemia - Z13.0 Encounter for screening for diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
    • anomaly, congenital - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • antenatal, of mother - See Also: Encounter, antenatal screening; - Z36.9 Encounter for antenatal screening, unspecified
    • arterial hypertension - Z13.6 Encounter for screening for cardiovascular disorders
    • arthropod-borne viral disease NEC - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • autism - Z13.41 Encounter for autism screening
    • bacteriuria, asymptomatic - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • behavioral disorder - Z13.30 Encounter for screening examination for mental health and behavioral disorders, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Z13.39 Encounter for screening examination for other mental health and behavioral disorders
    • brain injury, traumatic - Z13.850 Encounter for screening for traumatic brain injury
    • bronchitis, chronic - Z13.83 Encounter for screening for respiratory disorder NEC
    • brucellosis - Z11.2 Encounter for screening for other bacterial diseases
    • cardiovascular disorder - Z13.6 Encounter for screening for cardiovascular disorders
    • cataract - Z13.5 Encounter for screening for eye and ear disorders
    • chlamydial diseases - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
    • cholera - Z11.0 Encounter for screening for intestinal infectious diseases
    • chromosomal abnormalities (nonprocreative) NEC - Z13.79 Encounter for other screening for genetic and chromosomal anomalies
    • colonoscopy - Z12.11 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of colon
    • congenital
      • dislocation of hip - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
      • eye disorder - Z13.5 Encounter for screening for eye and ear disorders
      • malformation or deformation - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • contamination NEC - Z13.88 Encounter for screening for disorder due to exposure to contaminants
    • cystic fibrosis - Z13.228 Encounter for screening for other metabolic disorders
    • dengue fever - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • dental disorder - Z13.84 Encounter for screening for dental disorders
    • depression (adult) (adolescent) (child) - Z13.31 Encounter for screening for depression
      • maternal - Z13.32 Encounter for screening for maternal depression
      • perinatal - Z13.32 Encounter for screening for maternal depression
    • developmental
      • delays - Z13.40 Encounter for screening for unspecified developmental delays
        • global (milestones) - Z13.42 Encounter for screening for global developmental delays (milestones)
        • specified NEC - Z13.49 Encounter for screening for other developmental delays
      • handicap - Z13.42 Encounter for screening for global developmental delays (milestones)
        • in early childhood - Z13.42 Encounter for screening for global developmental delays (milestones)
    • diabetes mellitus - Z13.1 Encounter for screening for diabetes mellitus
    • diphtheria - Z11.2 Encounter for screening for other bacterial diseases
    • disability, intellectual - Z13.39 Encounter for screening examination for other mental health and behavioral disorders
    • disease or disorder - Z13.9 Encounter for screening, unspecified
      • bacterial NEC - Z11.2 Encounter for screening for other bacterial diseases
        • intestinal infectious - Z11.0 Encounter for screening for intestinal infectious diseases
        • respiratory tuberculosis - Z11.1 Encounter for screening for respiratory tuberculosis
      • behavioral - Z13.30 Encounter for screening examination for mental health and behavioral disorders, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Z13.39 Encounter for screening examination for other mental health and behavioral disorders
      • blood or blood-forming organ - Z13.0 Encounter for screening for diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
      • cardiovascular - Z13.6 Encounter for screening for cardiovascular disorders
      • Chagas' - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
      • chlamydial - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
      • dental - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
      • developmental delays - Z13.40 Encounter for screening for unspecified developmental delays
        • global (milestones) - Z13.42 Encounter for screening for global developmental delays (milestones)
        • specified NEC - Z13.49 Encounter for screening for other developmental delays
      • digestive tract NEC - Z13.818 Encounter for screening for other digestive system disorders
        • lower GI - Z13.811 Encounter for screening for lower gastrointestinal disorder
        • upper GI - Z13.810 Encounter for screening for upper gastrointestinal disorder
      • ear - Z13.5 Encounter for screening for eye and ear disorders
      • endocrine - Z13.29 Encounter for screening for other suspected endocrine disorder
      • eye - Z13.5 Encounter for screening for eye and ear disorders
      • genitourinary - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
      • heart - Z13.6 Encounter for screening for cardiovascular disorders
      • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection - Z11.4 Encounter for screening for human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]
      • immunity - Z13.0 Encounter for screening for diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
      • infection
        • intestinal - Z11.0 Encounter for screening for intestinal infectious diseases
          • specified NEC - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
      • infectious - Z11.9 Encounter for screening for infectious and parasitic diseases, unspecified
      • mental health and behavioral - Z13.30 Encounter for screening examination for mental health and behavioral disorders, unspecified
        • specified NEC - Z13.39 Encounter for screening examination for other mental health and behavioral disorders
      • metabolic - Z13.228 Encounter for screening for other metabolic disorders
      • neurological - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
      • nutritional - Z13.21 Encounter for screening for nutritional disorder
        • metabolic - Z13.228 Encounter for screening for other metabolic disorders
          • lipoid disorders - Z13.220 Encounter for screening for lipoid disorders
      • protozoal - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
        • intestinal - Z11.0 Encounter for screening for intestinal infectious diseases
      • respiratory - Z13.83 Encounter for screening for respiratory disorder NEC
      • rheumatic - Z13.828 Encounter for screening for other musculoskeletal disorder
      • rickettsial - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
      • sexually-transmitted NEC - Z11.3 Encounter for screening for infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission
        • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Z11.4 Encounter for screening for human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]
      • sickle-cell (trait) - Z13.0 Encounter for screening for diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
      • skin - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
      • specified NEC - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
      • spirochetal - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
      • thyroid - Z13.29 Encounter for screening for other suspected endocrine disorder
      • vascular - Z13.6 Encounter for screening for cardiovascular disorders
      • venereal - Z11.3 Encounter for screening for infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission
      • viral NEC - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
        • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Z11.4 Encounter for screening for human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]
        • intestinal - Z11.0 Encounter for screening for intestinal infectious diseases
    • elevated titer - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • emphysema - Z13.83 Encounter for screening for respiratory disorder NEC
    • encephalitis, viral (mosquito- or tick-borne) - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • exposure to contaminants (toxic) - Z13.88 Encounter for screening for disorder due to exposure to contaminants
    • fever
      • dengue - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
      • hemorrhagic - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
      • yellow - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • filariasis - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • galactosemia - Z13.228 Encounter for screening for other metabolic disorders
    • gastrointestinal condition - Z13.818 Encounter for screening for other digestive system disorders
    • genetic (nonprocreative) - for procreative management - See: Testing, genetic, for procreative management;
      • disease carrier status (nonprocreative) - Z13.71 Encounter for nonprocreative screening for genetic disease carrier status
      • specified NEC (nonprocreative) - Z13.79 Encounter for other screening for genetic and chromosomal anomalies
    • genitourinary condition - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • glaucoma - Z13.5 Encounter for screening for eye and ear disorders
    • gonorrhea - Z11.3 Encounter for screening for infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission
    • gout - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • helminthiasis (intestinal) - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • hematopoietic malignancy - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
    • hemoglobinopathies NEC - Z13.0 Encounter for screening for diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
    • hemorrhagic fever - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • Hodgkin disease - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
    • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Z11.4 Encounter for screening for human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]
    • human papillomavirus - Z11.51 Encounter for screening for human papillomavirus (HPV)
    • hypertension - Z13.6 Encounter for screening for cardiovascular disorders
    • immunity disorders - Z13.0 Encounter for screening for diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
    • infant or child (over 28 days old) - Z00.129 Encounter for routine child health examination without abnormal findings
      • with abnormal findings - Z00.121 Encounter for routine child health examination with abnormal findings
    • infection
      • mycotic - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
      • parasitic - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
    • ingestion of radioactive substance - Z13.88 Encounter for screening for disorder due to exposure to contaminants
    • intellectual disability - Z13.39 Encounter for screening examination for other mental health and behavioral disorders
    • intestinal
      • helminthiasis - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
      • infectious disease - Z11.0 Encounter for screening for intestinal infectious diseases
    • leishmaniasis - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • leprosy - Z11.2 Encounter for screening for other bacterial diseases
    • leptospirosis - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
    • leukemia - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
    • lymphoma - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
    • malaria - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • malnutrition - Z13.29 Encounter for screening for other suspected endocrine disorder
      • metabolic - Z13.228 Encounter for screening for other metabolic disorders
      • nutritional - Z13.21 Encounter for screening for nutritional disorder
    • measles - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • mental health disorder - Z13.30 Encounter for screening examination for mental health and behavioral disorders, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Z13.39 Encounter for screening examination for other mental health and behavioral disorders
    • metabolic errors, inborn - Z13.228 Encounter for screening for other metabolic disorders
    • multiphasic - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • musculoskeletal disorder - Z13.828 Encounter for screening for other musculoskeletal disorder
      • osteoporosis - Z13.820 Encounter for screening for osteoporosis
    • mycoses - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
    • myocardial infarction (acute) - Z13.6 Encounter for screening for cardiovascular disorders
    • neoplasm (malignant) (of) - Z12.9 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm, site unspecified
      • bladder - Z12.6 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of bladder
      • blood - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
      • breast - Z12.39 Encounter for other screening for malignant neoplasm of breast
        • routine mammogram - Z12.31 Encounter for screening mammogram for malignant neoplasm of breast
      • cervix - Z12.4 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of cervix
      • colon - Z12.11 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of colon
      • genitourinary organs NEC - Z12.79 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other genitourinary organs
        • bladder - Z12.6 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of bladder
        • cervix - Z12.4 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of cervix
        • ovary - Z12.73 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of ovary
        • prostate - Z12.5 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of prostate
        • testis - Z12.71 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of testis
        • vagina - Z12.72 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of vagina
      • hematopoietic system - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
      • intestinal tract - Z12.10 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of intestinal tract, unspecified
        • colon - Z12.11 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of colon
        • rectum - Z12.12 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of rectum
        • small intestine - Z12.13 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of small intestine
      • lung - Z12.2 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of respiratory organs
      • lymph (glands) - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
      • nervous system - Z12.82 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of nervous system
      • oral cavity - Z12.81 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of oral cavity
      • prostate - Z12.5 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of prostate
      • rectum - Z12.12 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of rectum
      • respiratory organs - Z12.2 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of respiratory organs
      • skin - Z12.83 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of skin
      • small intestine - Z12.13 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of small intestine
      • specified site NEC - Z12.89 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of other sites
      • stomach - Z12.0 Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of stomach
    • nephropathy - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • nervous system disorders NEC - Z13.858 Encounter for screening for other nervous system disorders
    • neurological condition - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • osteoporosis - Z13.820 Encounter for screening for osteoporosis
    • parasitic infestation - Z11.9 Encounter for screening for infectious and parasitic diseases, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
    • phenylketonuria - Z13.228 Encounter for screening for other metabolic disorders
    • plague - Z11.2 Encounter for screening for other bacterial diseases
    • poisoning (chemical) (heavy metal) - Z13.88 Encounter for screening for disorder due to exposure to contaminants
    • poliomyelitis - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • postnatal, chromosomal abnormalities - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • prenatal, of mother - See Also: Encounter, antenatal screening; - Z36.9 Encounter for antenatal screening, unspecified
    • protozoal disease - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
      • intestinal - Z11.0 Encounter for screening for intestinal infectious diseases
    • pulmonary tuberculosis - Z11.1 Encounter for screening for respiratory tuberculosis
    • radiation exposure - Z13.88 Encounter for screening for disorder due to exposure to contaminants
    • respiratory condition - Z13.83 Encounter for screening for respiratory disorder NEC
    • respiratory tuberculosis - Z11.1 Encounter for screening for respiratory tuberculosis
    • rheumatoid arthritis - Z13.828 Encounter for screening for other musculoskeletal disorder
    • rubella - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • schistosomiasis - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • sexually-transmitted disease NEC - Z11.3 Encounter for screening for infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission
      • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Z11.4 Encounter for screening for human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]
    • sickle-cell disease or trait - Z13.0 Encounter for screening for diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
    • skin condition - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • sleeping sickness - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • special - Z13.9 Encounter for screening, unspecified
      • specified NEC - Z13.89 Encounter for screening for other disorder
    • syphilis - Z11.3 Encounter for screening for infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission
    • tetanus - Z11.2 Encounter for screening for other bacterial diseases
    • trachoma - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
    • traumatic brain injury - Z13.850 Encounter for screening for traumatic brain injury
    • trypanosomiasis - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • tuberculosis, respiratory - Z11.1 Encounter for screening for respiratory tuberculosis
    • venereal disease - Z11.3 Encounter for screening for infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission
    • viral encephalitis (mosquito- or tick-borne) - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases
    • whooping cough - Z11.2 Encounter for screening for other bacterial diseases
    • worms, intestinal - Z11.6 Encounter for screening for other protozoal diseases and helminthiases
    • yaws - Z11.8 Encounter for screening for other infectious and parasitic diseases
    • yellow fever - Z11.59 Encounter for screening for other viral diseases

Footnotes

Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

Anemia: A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.

Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)

Blood: The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.

Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.

Brucellosis: Infection caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA mainly involving the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. This condition is characterized by fever, weakness, malaise, and weight loss.

Cataract: Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)

Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.

Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.

Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.

Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.

Cystic Fibrosis: An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.

Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.

Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.

Diphtheria: A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.

Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.

Emphysema: A pathological accumulation of air in tissues or organs.

Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.

Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.

Filariasis: Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.

Galactosemias: A group of inherited enzyme deficiencies which feature elevations of GALACTOSE in the blood. This condition may be associated with deficiencies of GALACTOKINASE; UDPGLUCOSE-HEXOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYLYLTRANSFERASE; or UDPGLUCOSE 4-EPIMERASE. The classic form is caused by UDPglucose-Hexose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase deficiency, and presents in infancy with FAILURE TO THRIVE; VOMITING; and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. Affected individuals also may develop MENTAL RETARDATION; JAUNDICE; hepatosplenomegaly; ovarian failure (PRIMARY OVARIAN INSUFFICIENCY); and cataracts. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp61-3)

Glaucoma: An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)

Gonorrhea: Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.

Gout: Metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent acute arthritis, hyperuricemia and deposition of sodium urate in and around the joints, sometimes with formation of URIC ACID calculi.

Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.

Helminthiasis: Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.

Hodgkin Disease: A malignant disease characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymphoid tissue. In the classical variant, giant usually multinucleate Hodgkin's and REED-STERNBERG CELLS are present; in the nodular lymphocyte predominant variant, lymphocytic and histiocytic cells are seen.

Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

Immunity: Nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances.

Infection: Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.

Communicable Diseases: An illness caused by an infectious agent or its toxins that occurs through the direct or indirect transmission of the infectious agent or its products from an infected individual or via an animal, vector or the inanimate environment to a susceptible animal or human host.

Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)

Leishmaniasis: A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).

Leprosy: A chronic granulomatous infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. The granulomatous lesions are manifested in the skin, the mucous membranes, and the peripheral nerves. Two polar or principal types are lepromatous and tuberculoid.

Leptospirosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.

Leukemia: A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. Leukemias were originally termed acute or chronic based on life expectancy but now are classified according to cellular maturity. Acute leukemias consist of predominately immature cells; chronic leukemias are composed of more mature cells. (From The Merck Manual, 2006)

Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.

Lymphoma: A general term for various neoplastic diseases of the lymphoid tissue.

Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulting from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.

Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.

Mycoses: Diseases caused by FUNGI.

Nervous System: The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)

Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.

Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.

Phenylketonurias: A group of autosomal recessive disorders marked by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme PHENYLALANINE HYDROXYLASE or less frequently by reduced activity of DIHYDROPTERIDINE REDUCTASE (i.e., atypical phenylketonuria). Classical phenylketonuria is caused by a severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase and presents in infancy with developmental delay; SEIZURES; skin HYPOPIGMENTATION; ECZEMA; and demyelination in the central nervous system. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p952).

Plague: An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.

Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)

Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.

Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.

Rubella: An acute infectious disease caused by the RUBELLA VIRUS. The virus enters the respiratory tract via airborne droplet and spreads to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.

Schistosomiasis: Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.

Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.

Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.

Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.

Syphilis: A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.

Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Tetanus: A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.

Thyroid Gland: A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.

Trachoma: A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.

Trypanosomiasis: Infection with protozoa of the genus TRYPANOSOMA.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.

Whooping Cough: A respiratory infection caused by BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS and characterized by paroxysmal coughing ending in a prolonged crowing intake of breath.

Yaws: A systemic non-venereal infection of the tropics caused by TREPONEMA PALLIDUM subspecies pertenue.

Yellow Fever: An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.

Previous Term
Scratchy Throat