Retrovirus, as cause of disease classified elsewhere

  • Retrovirus, as cause of disease classified elsewhere - B97.30 Unspecified retrovirus as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere
    • human
      • immunodeficiency, type 2 (HIV 2) - B97.35 Human immunodeficiency virus, type 2 [HIV 2] as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere
      • T-cell lymphotropic
        • type I (HTLV-I) - B97.33 Human T-cell lymphotrophic virus, type I [HTLV-I] as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere
        • type II (HTLV-II) - B97.34 Human T-cell lymphotrophic virus, type II [HTLV-II] as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere
    • lentivirus - B97.31 Lentivirus as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere
    • oncovirus - B97.32 Oncovirus as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere
    • specified NEC - B97.39 Other retrovirus as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere

Footnotes

Humans: Members of the species Homo sapiens.

Lentivirus: A genus of the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of non-oncogenic retroviruses that produce multi-organ diseases characterized by long incubation periods and persistent infection. Lentiviruses are unique in that they contain open reading frames (ORFs) between the pol and env genes and in the 3' env region. Five serogroups are recognized, reflecting the mammalian hosts with which they are associated. HIV-1 is the type species.

Retroviridae: Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).