Puerperal, puerperium (complicated by, complications)

  • Puerperal, puerperium (complicated by, complications)
    • abnormal glucose (tolerance test) - O99.815 Abnormal glucose complicating the puerperium
    • abscess
      • areola - O91.02 Infection of nipple associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.03 Infection of nipple associated with lactation
      • Bartholin's gland - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
      • breast - O91.12 Abscess of breast associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.13 Abscess of breast associated with lactation
      • cervix (uteri) - O86.11 Cervicitis following delivery
      • genital organ NEC - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
      • kidney - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
      • mammary - O91.12 Abscess of breast associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.13 Abscess of breast associated with lactation
      • nipple - O91.02 Infection of nipple associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.03 Infection of nipple associated with lactation
      • peritoneum - O85 Puerperal sepsis
      • subareolar - O91.12 Abscess of breast associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.13 Abscess of breast associated with lactation
      • urinary tract - See: Puerperal, infection, urinary;
      • uterus - O86.12 Endometritis following delivery
      • vagina (wall) - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
      • vaginorectal - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
      • vulvovaginal gland - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
    • adnexitis - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
    • afibrinogenemia, or other coagulation defect - O72.3 Postpartum coagulation defects
    • albuminuria (acute) (subacute) - See: Proteinuria, gestational;
    • alcohol use - O99.315 Alcohol use complicating the puerperium
    • anemia - O90.81 Anemia of the puerperium
      • pre-existing (pre-pregnancy) - O99.03 Anemia complicating the puerperium
    • anesthetic death - O89.8 Other complications of anesthesia during the puerperium
    • apoplexy - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • bariatric surgery status - O99.845 Bariatric surgery status complicating the puerperium
    • blood disorder NEC - O99.13 Other diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism complicating the puerperium
    • blood dyscrasia - O72.3 Postpartum coagulation defects
    • cardiomyopathy - O90.3 Peripartum cardiomyopathy
    • cerebrovascular disorder (conditions in I60-I69) - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • cervicitis - O86.11 Cervicitis following delivery
    • circulatory system disorder - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • coagulopathy (any) - O99.13 Other diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism complicating the puerperium
      • with hemorrhage - O72.3 Postpartum coagulation defects
    • complications - O90.9 Complication of the puerperium, unspecified
      • specified NEC - O90.89 Other complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere classified
    • convulsions - See: Eclampsia;
    • cystitis - O86.22 Infection of bladder following delivery
    • cystopyelitis - O86.29 Other urinary tract infection following delivery
    • delirium NEC - F05 Delirium due to known physiological condition
    • diabetes - O24.93 Unspecified diabetes mellitus in the puerperium
      • gestational - See: Puerperal, gestational diabetes;
      • pre-existing - O24.33 Unspecified pre-existing diabetes mellitus in the puerperium
        • specified NEC - O24.83 Other pre-existing diabetes mellitus in the puerperium
        • type 1 - O24.03 Pre-existing type 1 diabetes mellitus, in the puerperium
        • type 2 - O24.13 Pre-existing type 2 diabetes mellitus, in the puerperium
    • digestive system disorder - O99.63 Diseases of the digestive system complicating the puerperium
    • disease - O90.9 Complication of the puerperium, unspecified
      • breast NEC - O92.29 Other disorders of breast associated with pregnancy and the puerperium
      • cerebrovascular (acute) - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • nonobstetric NEC - O99.89 Other specified diseases and conditions complicating pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium
      • tubo-ovarian - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
      • Valsuani's - O99.03 Anemia complicating the puerperium
    • disorder - O90.9 Complication of the puerperium, unspecified
      • biliary tract - O26.63 Liver and biliary tract disorders in the puerperium
      • lactation - O92.70 Unspecified disorders of lactation
      • liver - O26.63 Liver and biliary tract disorders in the puerperium
      • nonobstetric NEC - O99.89 Other specified diseases and conditions complicating pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium
    • disruption
      • cesarean wound - O90.0 Disruption of cesarean delivery wound
      • episiotomy wound - O90.1 Disruption of perineal obstetric wound
      • perineal laceration wound - O90.1 Disruption of perineal obstetric wound
    • drug use - O99.325 Drug use complicating the puerperium
    • eclampsia (with pre-existing hypertension) - O15.2 Eclampsia complicating the puerperium
    • embolism (pulmonary) (blood clot) - See: Embolism, obstetric, puerperal;
    • endocrine, nutritional or metabolic disease NEC - O99.285 Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases complicating the puerperium
    • endophlebitis - See: Puerperal, phlebitis;
    • endotrachelitis - O86.11 Cervicitis following delivery
    • failure
      • lactation (complete) - O92.3 Agalactia
        • partial - O92.4 Hypogalactia
      • renal, acute - O90.4 Postpartum acute kidney failure
    • fever (of unknown origin) - O86.4 Pyrexia of unknown origin following delivery
      • septic - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • fissure, nipple - O92.12 Cracked nipple associated with the puerperium
      • associated with lactation - O92.13 Cracked nipple associated with lactation
    • fistula
      • breast (due to mastitis) - O91.12 Abscess of breast associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.13 Abscess of breast associated with lactation
      • nipple - O91.02 Infection of nipple associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.03 Infection of nipple associated with lactation
    • galactophoritis - O91.22 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with the puerperium
      • associated with lactation - O91.23 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with lactation
    • galactorrhea - O92.6 Galactorrhea
    • gastric banding status - O99.845 Bariatric surgery status complicating the puerperium
    • gastric bypass status - O99.845 Bariatric surgery status complicating the puerperium
    • gastrointestinal disease NEC - O99.63 Diseases of the digestive system complicating the puerperium
    • gestational
      • diabetes - O24.439 Gestational diabetes mellitus in the puerperium, unspecified control
        • diet controlled - O24.430 Gestational diabetes mellitus in the puerperium, diet controlled
        • insulin (and diet) controlled - O24.434 Gestational diabetes mellitus in the puerperium, insulin controlled
        • oral drug controlled (antidiabetic) (hypoglycemic) - O24.435 Gestational diabetes mellitus in puerperium, controlled by oral hypoglycemic drugs
      • edema - O12.05 Gestational edema, complicating the puerperium
        • with proteinuria - O12.25 Gestational edema with proteinuria, complicating the puerperium
      • proteinuria - O12.15 Gestational proteinuria, complicating the puerperium
    • gonorrhea - O98.23 Gonorrhea complicating the puerperium
    • hematoma, subdural - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • hemiplegia, cerebral - O99.355 Diseases of the nervous system complicating the puerperium
      • due to cerbrovascular disorder - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • hemorrhage - O72.1 Other immediate postpartum hemorrhage
      • brain - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • bulbar - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • cerebellar - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • cerebral - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • cortical - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • delayed or secondary - O72.2 Delayed and secondary postpartum hemorrhage
      • extradural - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • internal capsule - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • intracranial - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • intrapontine - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • meningeal - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • pontine - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • retained placenta - O72.0 Third-stage hemorrhage
      • subarachnoid - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • subcortical - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • subdural - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
      • third stage - O72.0 Third-stage hemorrhage
      • uterine, delayed - O72.2 Delayed and secondary postpartum hemorrhage
      • ventricular - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • hemorrhoids - O87.2 Hemorrhoids in the puerperium
    • hepatorenal syndrome - O90.4 Postpartum acute kidney failure
    • hypertension - See: Hypertension, complicating, puerperium;
    • hypertrophy, breast - O92.29 Other disorders of breast associated with pregnancy and the puerperium
    • induration breast (fibrous) - O92.29 Other disorders of breast associated with pregnancy and the puerperium
    • infection - O86.4 Pyrexia of unknown origin following delivery
      • cervix - O86.11 Cervicitis following delivery
      • generalized - O85 Puerperal sepsis
      • genital tract NEC - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
        • obstetric surgical wound - O86.09 Infection of obstetric surgical wound, other surgical site
      • kidney (bacillus coli) - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
      • maternal - O98.93 Unspecified maternal infectious and parasitic disease complicating the puerperium
        • carrier state NEC - O99.835 Other infection carrier state complicating the puerperium
        • gonorrhea - O98.23 Gonorrhea complicating the puerperium
        • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - O98.73 Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease complicating the puerperium
        • protozoal - O98.63 Protozoal diseases complicating the puerperium
        • sexually transmitted NEC - O98.33 Other infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission complicating the puerperium
        • specified NEC - O98.83 Other maternal infectious and parasitic diseases complicating the puerperium
        • streptococcus group B (GBS) carrier state - O99.825 Streptococcus B carrier state complicating the puerperium
        • syphilis - O98.13 Syphilis complicating the puerperium
        • tuberculosis - O98.03 Tuberculosis complicating the puerperium
        • viral hepatitis - O98.43 Viral hepatitis complicating the puerperium
        • viral NEC - O98.53 Other viral diseases complicating the puerperium
      • nipple - O91.02 Infection of nipple associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.03 Infection of nipple associated with lactation
      • peritoneum - O85 Puerperal sepsis
      • renal - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
      • specified NEC - O86.89 Other specified puerperal infections
      • urinary (asymptomatic) (tract) NEC - O86.20 Urinary tract infection following delivery, unspecified
        • bladder - O86.22 Infection of bladder following delivery
        • kidney - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
        • specified site NEC - O86.29 Other urinary tract infection following delivery
        • urethra - O86.22 Infection of bladder following delivery
      • vagina - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
      • vein - See: Puerperal, phlebitis;
    • ischemia, cerebral - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • lymphangitis - O86.89 Other specified puerperal infections
      • breast - O91.22 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.23 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with lactation
    • malignancy - O9A.13 Malignant neoplasm complicating the puerperium
    • malnutrition - O25.3 Malnutrition in the puerperium
    • mammillitis - O91.02 Infection of nipple associated with the puerperium
      • associated with lactation - O91.03 Infection of nipple associated with lactation
    • mammitis - O91.22 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with the puerperium
      • associated with lactation - O91.23 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with lactation
    • mania - F30.8 Other manic episodes
    • mastitis - O91.22 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with the puerperium
      • associated with lactation - O91.23 Nonpurulent mastitis associated with lactation
      • purulent - O91.12 Abscess of breast associated with the puerperium
        • associated with lactation - O91.13 Abscess of breast associated with lactation
    • melancholia - See: Disorder, depressive;
    • mental disorder NEC - O99.345 Other mental disorders complicating the puerperium
    • metroperitonitis - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • metrorrhagia - See: Hemorrhage, postpartum;
    • metrosalpingitis - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
    • metrovaginitis - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
    • milk leg - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium
    • monoplegia, cerebral - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • mood disturbance - O90.6 Postpartum mood disturbance
    • necrosis, liver (acute) (subacute) (conditions in subcategory K72.0) - O26.63 Liver and biliary tract disorders in the puerperium
      • with renal failure - O90.4 Postpartum acute kidney failure
    • nervous system disorder - O99.355 Diseases of the nervous system complicating the puerperium
    • neuritis - O90.89 Other complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere classified
    • obesity (pre-existing prior to pregnancy) - O99.215 Obesity complicating the puerperium
    • obesity surgery status - O99.845 Bariatric surgery status complicating the puerperium
    • occlusion, precerebral artery - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • paralysis
      • bladder (sphincter) - O90.89 Other complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere classified
      • cerebral - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • paralytic stroke - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • parametritis - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • paravaginitis - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
    • pelviperitonitis - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • perimetritis - O86.12 Endometritis following delivery
    • perimetrosalpingitis - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
    • perinephritis - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
    • periphlebitis - See: Puerperal phlebitis;
    • peritoneal infection - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • peritonitis (pelvic) - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • perivaginitis - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
    • phlebitis - O87.0 Superficial thrombophlebitis in the puerperium
      • deep - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium
      • pelvic - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium
      • superficial - O87.0 Superficial thrombophlebitis in the puerperium
    • phlebothrombosis, deep - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium
    • phlegmasia alba dolens - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium
    • placental polyp - O90.89 Other complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere classified
    • pneumonia, embolic - See: Embolism, obstetric, puerperal;
    • pre-eclampsia - See: Pre-eclampsia;
    • psychosis (NOS) - F53.1 Puerperal psychosis
    • pyelitis - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
    • pyelocystitis - O86.29 Other urinary tract infection following delivery
    • pyelonephritis - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
    • pyelonephrosis - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
    • pyemia - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • pyocystitis - O86.29 Other urinary tract infection following delivery
    • pyohemia - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • pyometra - O86.12 Endometritis following delivery
    • pyonephritis - O86.21 Infection of kidney following delivery
    • pyosalpingitis - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
    • pyrexia (of unknown origin) - O86.4 Pyrexia of unknown origin following delivery
    • renal
      • disease NEC - O90.89 Other complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere classified
      • failure - O90.4 Postpartum acute kidney failure
    • respiratory disease NEC - O99.53 Diseases of the respiratory system complicating the puerperium
    • retention
      • decidua - See: Retention, decidua;
      • placenta - O72.0 Third-stage hemorrhage
      • secundines - See: Retention, secundines;
    • retrated nipple - O92.02 Retracted nipple associated with the puerperium
    • salpingo-ovaritis - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
    • salpingoperitonitis - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • secondary perineal tear - O90.1 Disruption of perineal obstetric wound
    • sepsis - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • sepsis (pelvic) - O85 Puerperal sepsis
    • septic thrombophlebitis - O86.81 Puerperal septic thrombophlebitis
    • skin disorder NEC - O99.73 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue complicating the puerperium
    • specified condition NEC - O99.89 Other specified diseases and conditions complicating pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium
    • stroke - O99.43 Diseases of the circulatory system complicating the puerperium
    • subinvolution (uterus) - O90.89 Other complications of the puerperium, not elsewhere classified
    • subluxation of symphysis (pubis) - O26.73 Subluxation of symphysis (pubis) in the puerperium
    • suppuration - See: Puerperal, abscess;
    • tetanus - A34 Obstetrical tetanus
    • thelitis - O91.02 Infection of nipple associated with the puerperium
      • associated with lactation - O91.03 Infection of nipple associated with lactation
    • thrombocytopenia - O72.3 Postpartum coagulation defects
    • thrombophlebitis (superficial) - O87.0 Superficial thrombophlebitis in the puerperium
      • deep - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium
      • pelvic - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium
      • septic - O86.81 Puerperal septic thrombophlebitis
    • thrombosis (venous) - See: Thrombosis, puerperal;
    • thyroiditis - O90.5 Postpartum thyroiditis
    • toxemia (eclamptic) (pre-eclamptic) (with convulsions) - O15.2 Eclampsia complicating the puerperium
    • trauma, non-obstetric - O9A.23 Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes complicating the puerperium
      • caused by abuse (physical) (suspected) - O9A.33 Physical abuse complicating the puerperium
        • confirmed - O9A.33 Physical abuse complicating the puerperium
        • psychological (suspected) - O9A.53 Psychological abuse complicating the puerperium
          • confirmed - O9A.53 Psychological abuse complicating the puerperium
        • sexual (suspected) - O9A.43 Sexual abuse complicating the puerperium
          • confirmed - O9A.43 Sexual abuse complicating the puerperium
    • uremia (due to renal failure) - O90.4 Postpartum acute kidney failure
    • urethritis - O86.22 Infection of bladder following delivery
    • vaginitis - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
    • varicose veins (legs) - O87.4 Varicose veins of lower extremity in the puerperium
      • vulva or perineum - O87.8 Other venous complications in the puerperium
    • venous - O87.9 Venous complication in the puerperium, unspecified
    • vulvitis - O86.19 Other infection of genital tract following delivery
    • vulvovaginitis - O86.13 Vaginitis following delivery
    • white leg - O87.1 Deep phlebothrombosis in the puerperium

Footnotes

Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.

Anemia: A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.

Biliary Tract: The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.

Cardiomyopathies: A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).

Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.

Cystitis: Inflammation of the URINARY BLADDER, either from bacterial or non-bacterial causes. Cystitis is usually associated with painful urination (dysuria), increased frequency, urgency, and suprapubic pain.

Decidua: The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.

Disease: A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.

Edema: Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.

Fistula: Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.

Galactorrhea: Excessive or inappropriate LACTATION in females or males, and not necessarily related to PREGNANCY. Galactorrhea can occur either unilaterally or bilaterally, and be profuse or sparse. Its most common cause is HYPERPROLACTINEMIA.

Gonorrhea: Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.

Hematoma, Subdural: Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.

Hemorrhage: Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.

Hemorrhoids: Swollen veins in the lower part of the RECTUM or ANUS. Hemorrhoids can be inside the anus (internal), under the skin around the anus (external), or protruding from inside to outside of the anus. People with hemorrhoids may or may not exhibit symptoms which include bleeding, itching, and pain.

Hepatorenal Syndrome: Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.

Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

Infection: Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.

Internal Capsule: WHITE MATTER pathway, flanked by nuclear masses, consisting of both afferent and efferent fibers projecting between the WHITE MATTER and the BRAINSTEM. It consists of three distinct parts: an anterior limb, posterior limb, and genu.

Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.

Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.

Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.

Lymphangitis: A lymphatic disease characterized by INFLAMMATION of LYMPHATIC VESSELS.

Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.

Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulting from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.

Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.

Mastitis: INFLAMMATION of the BREAST, or MAMMARY GLAND.

Metrorrhagia: Abnormal uterine bleeding that is not related to MENSTRUATION, usually in females without regular MENSTRUAL CYCLE. The irregular and unpredictable bleeding usually comes from a dysfunctional ENDOMETRIUM.

Neuritis: A general term indicating inflammation of a peripheral or cranial nerve. Clinical manifestation may include PAIN; PARESTHESIAS; PARESIS; or HYPESTHESIA.

Nipples: The conic organs which usually give outlet to milk from the mammary glands.

Paralysis: A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)

Parametritis: Inflammation of the parametrium, the connective tissue of the pelvic floor, extending from the subserous coat of the uterus laterally between the layers of the BROAD LIGAMENT.

Peritoneum: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.

Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein, often a vein in the leg. Phlebitis associated with a blood clot is called (THROMBOPHLEBITIS).

Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).

Pre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.

Proteinuria: The presence of proteins in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.

Pyelitis: Inflammation of the KIDNEY PELVIS and KIDNEY CALICES where urine is collected before discharge, but does not involve the renal parenchyma (the NEPHRONS) where urine is processed.

Pyelonephritis: Inflammation of the KIDNEY involving the renal parenchyma (the NEPHRONS); KIDNEY PELVIS; and KIDNEY CALICES. It is characterized by ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; NAUSEA; VOMITING; and occasionally DIARRHEA.

Retention (Psychology): The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.

Sepsis: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.

Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)

Suppuration: A pathologic process consisting in the formation of pus.

Syphilis: A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.

Tetanus: A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.

Thrombocytopenia: A subnormal level of BLOOD PLATELETS.

Thyroiditis: Inflammatory diseases of the THYROID GLAND. Thyroiditis can be classified into acute (THYROIDITIS, SUPPURATIVE), subacute (granulomatous and lymphocytic), chronic fibrous (Riedel's), chronic lymphocytic (HASHIMOTO DISEASE), transient (POSTPARTUM THYROIDITIS), and other AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS subtypes.

Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS.

Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.

Urethritis: Inflammation involving the URETHRA. Similar to CYSTITIS, clinical symptoms range from vague discomfort to painful urination (DYSURIA), urethral discharge, or both.

Urinary Tract: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.

Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Vaginitis: Inflammation of the vagina characterized by pain and a purulent discharge.

Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the CAPILLARY BEDS.

Vulvitis: Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.

Vulvovaginitis: Inflammation of the VULVA and the VAGINA, characterized by discharge, burning, and PRURITUS.

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