Imperfect

  • Imperfect
    • aeration, lung (newborn) NEC - See: Atelectasis;
    • closure (congenital)
      • alimentary tract NEC - Q45.8 Other specified congenital malformations of digestive system
        • lower - Q43.8 Other specified congenital malformations of intestine
        • upper - Q40.8 Other specified congenital malformations of upper alimentary tract
      • atrioventricular ostium - Q21.2 Atrioventricular septal defect
      • atrium (secundum) - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
      • branchial cleft NOS - Q18.2 Other branchial cleft malformations
        • cyst - Q18.0 Sinus, fistula and cyst of branchial cleft
        • fistula - Q18.0 Sinus, fistula and cyst of branchial cleft
        • sinus - Q18.0 Sinus, fistula and cyst of branchial cleft
      • choroid - Q14.3 Congenital malformation of choroid
      • cricoid cartilage - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
      • cusps, heart valve NEC - Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
        • pulmonary - Q22.3 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary valve
      • ductus
        • arteriosus - Q25.0 Patent ductus arteriosus
        • Botalli - Q25.0 Patent ductus arteriosus
      • ear drum (causing impairment of hearing) - Q16.4 Other congenital malformations of middle ear
      • esophagus with communication to bronchus or trachea - Q39.1 Atresia of esophagus with tracheo-esophageal fistula
      • eyelid - Q10.3 Other congenital malformations of eyelid
      • foramen
        • botalli - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • ovale - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
      • genitalia, genital organ (s) or system
        • female - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
          • external - Q52.79 Other congenital malformations of vulva
          • internal NEC - Q52.8 Other specified congenital malformations of female genitalia
        • male - Q55.8 Other specified congenital malformations of male genital organs
      • glottis - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
      • interatrial ostium or septum - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
      • interauricular ostium or septum - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
      • interventricular ostium or septum - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
      • larynx - Q31.8 Other congenital malformations of larynx
      • lip - See: Cleft, lip;
      • nasal septum - Q30.3 Congenital perforated nasal septum
      • nose - Q30.2 Fissured, notched and cleft nose
      • omphalomesenteric duct - Q43.0 Meckel's diverticulum (displaced) (hypertrophic)
      • optic nerve entry - Q14.2 Congenital malformation of optic disc
      • organ or site not listed - See: Anomaly, by site;
      • ostium
        • interatrial - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • interauricular - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • interventricular - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
      • palate - See: Cleft, palate;
      • preauricular sinus - Q18.1 Preauricular sinus and cyst
      • retina - Q14.1 Congenital malformation of retina
      • roof of orbit - Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones
      • sclera - Q13.5 Blue sclera
      • septum
        • aorticopulmonary - Q21.4 Aortopulmonary septal defect
        • atrial (secundum) - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • between aorta and pulmonary artery - Q21.4 Aortopulmonary septal defect
        • heart - Q21.9 Congenital malformation of cardiac septum, unspecified
        • interatrial (secundum) - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • interauricular (secundum) - Q21.1 Atrial septal defect
        • interventricular - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
          • in tetralogy of Fallot - Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
        • nasal - Q30.3 Congenital perforated nasal septum
        • ventricular - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
          • in tetralogy of Fallot - Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
          • with pulmonary stenosis or atresia, dextraposition of aorta, and hypertrophy of right ventricle - Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
      • skull - Q75.0 Craniosynostosis
        • with
          • anencephaly - Q00.0 Anencephaly
          • encephalocele - See: Encephalocele;
          • hydrocephalus - Q03.9 Congenital hydrocephalus, unspecified
            • with spina bifida - See: Spina bifida, by site, with hydrocephalus;
          • microcephaly - Q02 Microcephaly
      • spine (with meningocele) - See: Spina bifida;
      • trachea - Q32.1 Other congenital malformations of trachea
      • tympanic membrane (causing impairment of hearing) - Q16.4 Other congenital malformations of middle ear
      • uterus - Q51.818 Other congenital malformations of uterus
      • vitelline duct - Q43.0 Meckel's diverticulum (displaced) (hypertrophic)
    • erection - See: Dysfunction, sexual, male, erectile;
    • fusion - See: Imperfect, closure;
    • inflation, lung (newborn) - See: Atelectasis;
    • posture - R29.3 Abnormal posture
    • rotation, intestine - Q43.3 Congenital malformations of intestinal fixation
    • septum, ventricular - Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect

Footnotes

Anencephaly: A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)

Choroid: The thin, highly vascular membrane covering most of the posterior of the eye between the RETINA and SCLERA.

Cricoid Cartilage: The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.

Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.

Encephalocele: Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.

Eyelids: Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.

Female:

Fistula: Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.

Glottis: The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.

Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.

Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.

Larynx: A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.

Lip: Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.

Male:

Microcephaly: A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)

Nasal Septum: The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.

Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.

Palate: The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).

Posture: The position or physical attitude of the body.

Retina: The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.

Sclera: The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)

Ventricular Septum: The muscular structure separating the right and the left lower chambers (HEART VENTRICLES) of the heart. The ventricular septum consists of a very small membranous portion just beneath the AORTIC VALVE, and a large thick muscular portion consisting of three sections including the inlet septum, the trabecular septum, and the outlet septum.

Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

Trachea: The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.

Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Vitelline Duct: The narrow tube connecting the YOLK SAC with the midgut of the EMBRYO; persistence of all or part of it in post-fetal life produces abnormalities, of which the commonest is MECKEL DIVERTICULUM.