Birth

"Birth" References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries

References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries applicable to the clinical term "birth"

  • Birth
    • complications in mother - See: Delivery, complicated;
    • compression during NOS - P15.9 Birth injury, unspecified
    • defect - See: Anomaly;
    • immature (less than 37 completed weeks) - See: Preterm, newborn;
      • extremely (less than 28 completed weeks) - See: Immaturity, extreme;
    • inattention, at or after - See: Maltreatment, child, neglect;
    • injury NOS - P15.9 Birth injury, unspecified
      • basal ganglia - P11.1 Other specified brain damage due to birth injury
      • brachial plexus NEC - P14.3 Other brachial plexus birth injuries
      • brain (compression) (pressure) - P11.2 Unspecified brain damage due to birth injury
      • central nervous system NOS - P11.9 Birth injury to central nervous system, unspecified
      • cerebellum - P11.1 Other specified brain damage due to birth injury
      • cerebral hemorrhage - P10.1 Cerebral hemorrhage due to birth injury
      • external genitalia - P15.5 Birth injury to external genitalia
      • eye - P15.3 Birth injury to eye
      • face - P15.4 Birth injury to face
      • fracture
        • bone - P13.9 Birth injury to skeleton, unspecified
          • specified NEC - P13.8 Birth injuries to other parts of skeleton
        • clavicle - P13.4 Fracture of clavicle due to birth injury
        • femur - P13.2 Birth injury to femur
        • humerus - P13.3 Birth injury to other long bones
        • long bone, except femur - P13.3 Birth injury to other long bones
        • radius and ulna - P13.3 Birth injury to other long bones
        • skull - P13.0 Fracture of skull due to birth injury
        • spine - P11.5 Birth injury to spine and spinal cord
        • tibia and fibula - P13.3 Birth injury to other long bones
      • intracranial - P11.2 Unspecified brain damage due to birth injury
        • laceration or hemorrhage - P10.9 Unspecified intracranial laceration and hemorrhage due to birth injury
          • specified NEC - P10.8 Other intracranial lacerations and hemorrhages due to birth injury
      • intraventricular hemorrhage - P10.2 Intraventricular hemorrhage due to birth injury
      • laceration
        • brain - P10.1 Cerebral hemorrhage due to birth injury
        • by scalpel - P15.8 Other specified birth injuries
        • peripheral nerve - P14.9 Birth injury to peripheral nervous system, unspecified
      • liver - P15.0 Birth injury to liver
      • meninges
        • brain - P11.1 Other specified brain damage due to birth injury
        • spinal cord - P11.5 Birth injury to spine and spinal cord
      • nerve
        • brachial plexus - P14.3 Other brachial plexus birth injuries
        • cranial NEC (except facial) - P11.4 Birth injury to other cranial nerves
        • facial - P11.3 Birth injury to facial nerve
        • peripheral - P14.9 Birth injury to peripheral nervous system, unspecified
        • phrenic (paralysis) - P14.2 Phrenic nerve paralysis due to birth injury
      • paralysis
        • facial nerve - P11.3 Birth injury to facial nerve
        • spinal - P11.5 Birth injury to spine and spinal cord
      • penis - P15.5 Birth injury to external genitalia
      • rupture
        • spinal cord - P11.5 Birth injury to spine and spinal cord
      • scalp - P12.9 Birth injury to scalp, unspecified
      • scalpel wound - P15.8 Other specified birth injuries
      • scrotum - P15.5 Birth injury to external genitalia
      • skull NEC - P13.1 Other birth injuries to skull
        • fracture - P13.0 Fracture of skull due to birth injury
      • specified type NEC - P15.8 Other specified birth injuries
      • spinal cord - P11.5 Birth injury to spine and spinal cord
      • spine - P11.5 Birth injury to spine and spinal cord
      • spleen - P15.1 Birth injury to spleen
      • sternomastoid (hematoma) - P15.2 Sternomastoid injury due to birth injury
      • subarachnoid hemorrhage - P10.3 Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to birth injury
      • subcutaneous fat necrosis - P15.6 Subcutaneous fat necrosis due to birth injury
      • subdural hemorrhage - P10.0 Subdural hemorrhage due to birth injury
      • tentorial tear - P10.4 Tentorial tear due to birth injury
      • testes - P15.5 Birth injury to external genitalia
      • vulva - P15.5 Birth injury to external genitalia
    • lack of care, at or after - See: Maltreatment, child, neglect;
    • neglect, at or after - See: Maltreatment, child, neglect;
    • palsy or paralysis, newborn, NOS (birth injury) - P14.9 Birth injury to peripheral nervous system, unspecified
    • premature (infant) - See: Preterm, newborn;
    • shock, newborn - P96.89 Other specified conditions originating in the perinatal period
    • trauma - See: Birth, injury;
    • weight
      • 4000 grams to 4499 grams - P08.1 Other heavy for gestational age newborn
      • 4500 grams or more - P08.0 Exceptionally large newborn baby
      • low (2499 grams or less) - See: Low, birthweight;
        • extremely (999 grams or less) - See: Low, birthweight, extreme;

Applicable Clinical Terms Definitions

Basal Ganglia: Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.

Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principal cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.

Brachial Plexus: The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Cerebellum: The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.

Cerebral Hemorrhage: Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.

Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.

Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.

Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.

Facial Nerve: The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and SALIVARY GLANDS, and convey afferent information for TASTE from the anterior two-thirds of the TONGUE and for TOUCH from the EXTERNAL EAR.

Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.

Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.

Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.

Meninges: The three membranes that cover the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD. They are the dura mater, the arachnoid, and the pia mater.

Paralysis: A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)

Penis: The external reproductive organ of males. It is composed of a mass of erectile tissue enclosed in three cylindrical fibrous compartments. Two of the three compartments, the corpus cavernosa, are placed side-by-side along the upper part of the organ. The third compartment below, the corpus spongiosum, houses the urethra.

Peripheral Nerves: The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.

Rupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.

Scalp: The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).

Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.

Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.

Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.

Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Vulva: The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.