Gingivitis and periodontal diseases (K05)

    • ICD-10 Index

      • Diseases of the digestive system (K00–K93)

        • Diseases of oral cavity and salivary glands (K00-K14)

            • Gingivitis and periodontal diseases (K05)
            • K05 - Gingivitis and periodontal diseases NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.0 - Acute gingivitis NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.00 - Acute gingivitis, plaque induced BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.01 - Acute gingivitis, non-plaque induced BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.1 - Chronic gingivitis NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.10 - Chronic gingivitis, plaque induced BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.11 - Chronic gingivitis, non-plaque induced BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.2 - Aggressive periodontitis NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.20 - Aggressive periodontitis, unspecified BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.21 - Aggressive periodontitis, localized NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.211 - Aggressive periodontitis, localized, slight BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.212 - Aggressive periodontitis, localized, moderate BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.213 - Aggressive periodontitis, localized, severe BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.219 - Aggressive periodontitis, localized, unspecified severity BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.22 - Aggressive periodontitis, generalized NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.221 - Aggressive periodontitis, generalized, slight BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.222 - Aggressive periodontitis, generalized, moderate BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.223 - Aggressive periodontitis, generalized, severe BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.229 - Aggressive periodontitis, generalized, unspecified severity BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.3 - Chronic periodontitis NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.30 - Chronic periodontitis, unspecified BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.31 - Chronic periodontitis, localized NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.311 - Chronic periodontitis, localized, slight BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.312 - Chronic periodontitis, localized, moderate BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.313 - Chronic periodontitis, localized, severe BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.319 - Chronic periodontitis, localized, unspecified severity BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.32 - Chronic periodontitis, generalized NON-BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.321 - Chronic periodontitis, generalized, slight BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.322 - Chronic periodontitis, generalized, moderate BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.323 - Chronic periodontitis, generalized, severe BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.329 - Chronic periodontitis, generalized, unspecified severity BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.4 - Periodontosis BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.5 - Other periodontal diseases BILLABLE CODE
            • K05.6 - Periodontal disease, unspecified BILLABLE CODE

Clinical Information for Gingivitis and periodontal diseases (K05)

Chronic Periodontitis - Chronic inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is associated with the amount of DENTAL PLAQUE or DENTAL CALCULUS present. Chronic periodontitis occurs mostly in adults and was called adult periodontitis, but this disease can appear in young people.

Aggressive Periodontitis - Inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is characterized by rapid attachment loss and bone destruction in the presence of little local factors such as DENTAL PLAQUE and DENTAL CALCULUS. This highly destructive form of periodontitis often occurs in young people and was called early-onset periodontitis, but this disease also appears in old people.

Periodontal Diseases - Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.

Chronic Periodontitis - Chronic inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is associated with the amount of DENTAL PLAQUE or DENTAL CALCULUS present. Chronic periodontitis occurs mostly in adults and was called adult periodontitis, but this disease can appear in young people.

Aggressive Periodontitis - Inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is characterized by rapid attachment loss and bone destruction in the presence of little local factors such as DENTAL PLAQUE and DENTAL CALCULUS. This highly destructive form of periodontitis often occurs in young people and was called early-onset periodontitis, but this disease also appears in old people.

Periodontal Abscess - Localized circumscribed purulent area of inflammation in the periodontal tissue. It is a derivative of marginal periodontitis and commonly associated with suprabony and infrabony pockets and interradicular involvements, in contrast to periapical abscess which is attributable to pulp necrosis.

Pericoronitis - Inflammation of the gingiva surrounding the crown of a tooth.

Aggressive Periodontitis - Inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is characterized by rapid attachment loss and bone destruction in the presence of little local factors such as DENTAL PLAQUE and DENTAL CALCULUS. This highly destructive form of periodontitis often occurs in young people and was called early-onset periodontitis, but this disease also appears in old people.

Periapical Abscess - Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Pericoronitis - Inflammation of the gingiva surrounding the crown of a tooth.

Periodontal Pocket - An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.

Gingivitis, Necrotizing Ulcerative - An acute or chronic GINGIVITIS characterized by redness and swelling, NECROSIS extending from the interdental papillae along the gingival margins, PAIN; HEMORRHAGE, necrotic odor, and often a pseudomembrane. The condition may extend to the ORAL MUCOSA; TONGUE; PALATE; or PHARYNX. The etiology is somewhat unclear, but may involve a complex of FUSOBACTERIUM NUCLEATUM along with spirochetes BORRELIA or TREPONEMA.

Gingivitis - Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.

Gingival Pocket - An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus not accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment.

Periodontal Debridement - Removal or disruption of DENTAL DEPOSITS and plaque-retentive DENTAL CALCULUS from tooth surfaces and within the periodontal pocket space without deliberate removal of CEMENTUM as done in ROOT PLANING and often in DENTAL SCALING. The goal is to conserve dental cementum to help maintain or re-establish healthy periodontal environment and eliminate PERIODONTITIS by using light instrumentation strokes and nonsurgical techniques (e.g., ultrasonic, laser instruments).

Periapical Granuloma - Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation of periapical tissue resulting from irritation following pulp disease or endodontic treatment.

Periapical Periodontitis - Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.

Periodontitis - Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)

Alveolar Bone Loss - Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.

Gingiva - Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.

Instructional Notations

Use Additional Code Use Additional Code
The “use additional code” indicates that a secondary code could be used to further specify the patient’s condition. This note is not mandatory and is only used if enough information is available to assign an additional code.

  • code to identify:
  • alcohol abuse and dependence F10
  • exposure to environmental tobacco smoke Z77.22
  • exposure to tobacco smoke in the perinatal period P96.81
  • history of tobacco dependence Z87.891
  • occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke Z57.31
  • tobacco dependence F17
  • tobacco use Z72.0