Inflammation, inflamed, inflammatory (with exudation)

"Inflammation, inflamed, inflammatory (with exudation)" References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries

References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries applicable to the clinical term "inflammation, inflamed, inflammatory (with exudation)"

  • Inflammation, inflamed, inflammatory (with exudation)
    • abducent (nerve) - See: Strabismus, paralytic, sixth nerve;
    • accessory sinus (chronic) - See: Sinusitis;
    • adrenal (gland) - E27.8 Other specified disorders of adrenal gland
    • alveoli, teeth - M27.3 Alveolitis of jaws
      • scorbutic - E54 Ascorbic acid deficiency
    • anal canal, anus - K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum
    • antrum (chronic) - See: Sinusitis, maxillary;
    • appendix - See: Appendicitis;
    • arachnoid - See: Meningitis;
    • areola - N61.0 Mastitis without abscess
      • puerperal, postpartum or gestational - See: Infection, nipple;
    • areolar tissue NOS - L08.9 Local infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, unspecified
    • artery - See: Arteritis;
    • auditory meatus (external) - See: Otitis, externa;
    • Bartholin's gland - N75.8 Other diseases of Bartholin's gland
    • bile duct (common) (hepatic) or passage - See: Cholangitis;
    • bladder - See: Cystitis;
    • bone - See: Osteomyelitis;
    • brain - See Also: Encephalitis;
      • membrane - See: Meningitis;
    • breast - N61.0 Mastitis without abscess
      • puerperal, postpartum, gestational - See: Mastitis, obstetric;
    • broad ligament - See: Disease, pelvis, inflammatory;
    • bronchi - See: Bronchitis;
    • catarrhal - J00 Acute nasopharyngitis [common cold]
    • cecum - See: Appendicitis;
    • cerebral - See Also: Encephalitis;
      • membrane - See: Meningitis;
    • cerebrospinal
      • meningococcal - A39.0 Meningococcal meningitis
    • cervix (uteri) - See: Cervicitis;
    • chest - J98.8 Other specified respiratory disorders
    • chorioretinal - H30.9 Unspecified chorioretinal inflammation
      • cyclitis - See: Cyclitis;
      • disseminated - H30.10 Unspecified disseminated chorioretinal inflammation
        • generalized - H30.13 Disseminated chorioretinal inflammation, generalized
        • peripheral - H30.12 Disseminated chorioretinal inflammation, peripheral
        • posterior pole - H30.11 Disseminated chorioretinal inflammation of posterior pole
      • epitheliopathy - See: Epitheliopathy;
      • focal - H30.00 Unspecified focal chorioretinal inflammation
        • juxtapapillary - H30.01 Focal chorioretinal inflammation, juxtapapillary
        • macular - H30.04 Focal chorioretinal inflammation, macular or paramacular
        • paramacular - See: Inflammation, chorioretinal, focal, macular;
        • peripheral - H30.03 Focal chorioretinal inflammation, peripheral
        • posterior pole - H30.02 Focal chorioretinal inflammation of posterior pole
      • specified type NEC - H30.89 Other chorioretinal inflammations
    • choroid - See: Inflammation, chorioretinal;
    • chronic, postmastoidectomy cavity - See: Complications, postmastoidectomy, inflammation;
    • colon - See: Enteritis;
    • connective tissue (diffuse) NEC - See: Disorder, soft tissue, specified type NEC;
    • cornea - See: Keratitis;
    • corpora cavernosa - N48.29 Other inflammatory disorders of penis
    • cranial nerve - See: Disorder, nerve, cranial;
    • Douglas' cul-de-sac or pouch (chronic) - N73.0 Acute parametritis and pelvic cellulitis
    • due to device, implant or graft - See Also: Complications, by site and type, infection or inflammation;
      • arterial graft - T82.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other cardiac and vascular devices, implants and grafts
      • breast (implant) - T85.79 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
      • catheter - T85.79 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
        • dialysis (renal) - T82.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other cardiac and vascular devices, implants and grafts
          • intraperitoneal - T85.71 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to peritoneal dialysis catheter
        • infusion - T82.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other cardiac and vascular devices, implants and grafts
          • cranial - T85.735 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to cranial or spinal infusion catheter
          • intrathecal - T85.735 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to cranial or spinal infusion catheter
          • spinal (epidural) (subdural) - T85.735 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to cranial or spinal infusion catheter
          • subarachnoid - T85.735 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to cranial or spinal infusion catheter
        • urinary - T83.518 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary catheter
          • cystostomy - T83.510 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to cystostomy catheter
          • Hopkins - T83.518 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary catheter
          • ileostomy - T83.518 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary catheter
          • nephrostomy - T83.512 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to nephrostomy catheter
          • specified NEC - T83.518 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary catheter
          • urethral indwelling - T83.511 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to indwelling urethral catheter
          • urostomy - T83.518 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary catheter
      • electronic (electrode) (pulse generator) (stimulator)
        • bone - T84.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal orthopedic prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
        • cardiac - T82.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other cardiac and vascular devices, implants and grafts
        • nervous system - T85.738 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other nervous system device, implant or graft
          • brain - T85.731 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of brain, electrode (lead)
          • cranial nerve - T85.732 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of peripheral nerve, electrode (lead)
          • gastric nerve - T85.732 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of peripheral nerve, electrode (lead)
          • neurostimulator generator - T85.734 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator, generator
          • peripheral nerve - T85.732 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of peripheral nerve, electrode (lead)
          • sacral nerve - T85.732 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of peripheral nerve, electrode (lead)
          • spinal cord - T85.733 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of spinal cord, electrode (lead)
          • vagal nerve - T85.732 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of peripheral nerve, electrode (lead)
        • urinary - T83.590 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted urinary neurostimulation device
      • fixation, internal (orthopedic) NEC - See: Complication, fixation device, infection;
      • gastrointestinal (bile duct) (esophagus) - T85.79 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
        • neurostimulator electrode (lead) - T85.732 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted electronic neurostimulator of peripheral nerve, electrode (lead)
      • genital NEC - T83.69 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other prosthetic device, implant and graft in genital tract
      • heart NEC - T82.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other cardiac and vascular devices, implants and grafts
        • valve (prosthesis) - T82.6 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to cardiac valve prosthesis
          • graft - T82.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other cardiac and vascular devices, implants and grafts
      • joint prosthesis - See: Complication, joint prosthesis, infection;
      • ocular (corneal graft) (orbital implant) NEC - T85.79 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
      • orthopedic NEC - T84.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal orthopedic prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
      • penile (cylinder) (pump) (resevoir) - T83.61 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted penile prosthesis
      • specified NEC - T85.79 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other internal prosthetic devices, implants and grafts
      • testicular - T83.62 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted testicular prosthesis
      • urinary NEC - T83.598 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other prosthetic device, implant and graft in urinary system
        • ileal conduit stent - T83.593 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary stents
        • implanted neurostimulation - T83.590 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted urinary neurostimulation device
        • implanted sphincter - T83.591 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to implanted urinary sphincter
        • indwelling ureteral stent - T83.592 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to indwelling ureteral stent
        • nephroureteral stent - T83.593 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary stents
        • specified stent NEC - T83.593 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other urinary stents
      • vascular NEC - T82.7 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to other cardiac and vascular devices, implants and grafts
      • ventricular intracranial (communicating) shunt - T85.730 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to ventricular intracranial (communicating) shunt
    • duodenum - K29.80 Duodenitis without bleeding
      • with bleeding - K29.81 Duodenitis with bleeding
    • dura mater - See: Meningitis;
    • ear (middle) - See Also: Otitis, media;
      • external - See: Otitis, externa;
      • inner
    • epididymis - See: Epididymitis;
    • esophagus - K20.9 Esophagitis, unspecified
    • ethmoidal (sinus) (chronic) - See: Sinusitis, ethmoidal;
    • eustachian tube (catarrhal) - See: Salpingitis, eustachian;
    • eyelid - H01.9 Unspecified inflammation of eyelid
      • abscess - See: Abscess, eyelid;
      • blepharitis - See: Blepharitis;
      • chalazion - See: Chalazion;
      • dermatosis (noninfectious) - See: Dermatosis, eyelid;
      • hordeolum - See: Hordeolum;
      • specified NEC - H01.8 Other specified inflammations of eyelid
    • fallopian tube - See: Salpingo-oophoritis;
    • fascia - See: Myositis;
    • follicular, pharynx - J31.2 Chronic pharyngitis
    • frontal (sinus) (chronic) - See: Sinusitis, frontal;
    • gallbladder - See: Cholecystitis;
    • gastric - See: Gastritis;
    • gastrointestinal - See: Enteritis;
    • genital organ (internal) (diffuse)
      • female - See: Disease, pelvis, inflammatory;
      • male - N49.9 Inflammatory disorder of unspecified male genital organ
        • multiple sites - N49.8 Inflammatory disorders of other specified male genital organs
        • specified NEC - N49.8 Inflammatory disorders of other specified male genital organs
    • gland (lymph) - See: Lymphadenitis;
    • glottis - See: Laryngitis;
    • granular, pharynx - J31.2 Chronic pharyngitis
    • gum - K05.10 Chronic gingivitis, plaque induced
      • nonplaque induced - K05.11 Chronic gingivitis, non-plaque induced
      • plaque induced - K05.10 Chronic gingivitis, plaque induced
    • heart - See: Carditis;
    • hepatic duct - See: Cholangitis;
    • ileoanal (internal) pouch - K91.850 Pouchitis
    • ileum - See Also: Enteritis;
      • regional or terminal - See: Enteritis, regional;
    • intestinal pouch - K91.850 Pouchitis
    • intestine (any part) - See: Enteritis;
    • jaw (acute) (bone) (chronic) (lower) (suppurative) (upper) - M27.2 Inflammatory conditions of jaws
    • joint NEC - See: Arthritis;
      • sacroiliac - M46.1 Sacroiliitis, not elsewhere classified
    • kidney - See: Nephritis;
    • knee (joint) - M13.169 Monoarthritis, not elsewhere classified, unspecified knee
      • tuberculous - A18.02 Tuberculous arthritis of other joints
    • labium (majus) (minus) - See: Vulvitis;
    • lacrimal
      • gland - See: Dacryoadenitis;
      • passages (duct) (sac) - See Also: Dacryocystitis;
        • canaliculitis - See: Canaliculitis, lacrimal;
    • larynx - See: Laryngitis;
    • leg NOS - L08.9 Local infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, unspecified
    • lip - K13.0 Diseases of lips
    • liver (capsule) - See Also: Hepatitis;
      • chronic - K73.9 Chronic hepatitis, unspecified
      • suppurative - K75.0 Abscess of liver
    • lung (acute) - See Also: Pneumonia;
      • chronic - J98.4 Other disorders of lung
    • lymph gland or node - See: Lymphadenitis;
    • lymphatic vessel - See: Lymphangitis;
    • maxilla, maxillary - M27.2 Inflammatory conditions of jaws
      • sinus (chronic) - See: Sinusitis, maxillary;
    • membranes of brain or spinal cord - See: Meningitis;
    • meninges - See: Meningitis;
    • mouth - K12.1 Other forms of stomatitis
    • muscle - See: Myositis;
    • myocardium - See: Myocarditis;
    • nasal sinus (chronic) - See: Sinusitis;
    • nasopharynx - See: Nasopharyngitis;
    • navel - L08.82 Omphalitis not of newborn
    • nerve NEC - See: Neuralgia;
    • nipple - N61.0 Mastitis without abscess
      • puerperal, postpartum or gestational - See: Infection, nipple;
    • nose - See: Rhinitis;
    • oculomotor (nerve) - See: Strabismus, paralytic, third nerve;
    • optic nerve - See: Neuritis, optic;
    • orbit (chronic) - H05.10 Unspecified chronic inflammatory disorders of orbit
      • acute - H05.00 Unspecified acute inflammation of orbit
        • abscess - See: Abscess, orbit;
        • cellulitis - See: Cellulitis, orbit;
        • osteomyelitis - See: Osteomyelitis, orbit;
        • periostitis - See: Periostitis, orbital;
        • tenonitis - See: Tenonitis, eye;
      • granuloma - See: Granuloma, orbit;
      • myositis - See: Myositis, orbital;
    • ovary - See: Salpingo-oophoritis;
    • oviduct - See: Salpingo-oophoritis;
    • pancreas (acute) - See: Pancreatitis;
    • parametrium - N73.0 Acute parametritis and pelvic cellulitis
    • parotid region - L08.9 Local infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, unspecified
    • pelvis, female - See: Disease, pelvis, inflammatory;
    • penis (corpora cavernosa) - N48.29 Other inflammatory disorders of penis
    • perianal - K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum
    • pericardium - See: Pericarditis;
    • perineum (female) (male) - L08.9 Local infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, unspecified
    • perirectal - K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum
    • peritoneum - See: Peritonitis;
    • periuterine - See: Disease, pelvis, inflammatory;
    • perivesical - See: Cystitis;
    • petrous bone (acute) (chronic) - See: Petrositis;
    • pharynx (acute) - See: Pharyngitis;
    • pia mater - See: Meningitis;
    • pleura - See: Pleurisy;
    • polyp, colon - See Also: Polyp, colon, inflammatory; - K51.40 Inflammatory polyps of colon without complications
    • prostate - See Also: Prostatitis;
      • specified type NEC - N41.8 Other inflammatory diseases of prostate
    • rectosigmoid - See: Rectosigmoiditis;
    • rectum - See Also: Proctitis; - K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum
    • respiratory, upper - See Also: Infection, respiratory, upper; - J06.9 Acute upper respiratory infection, unspecified
      • acute, due to radiation - J70.0 Acute pulmonary manifestations due to radiation
      • chronic, due to external agent - See: condition, respiratory, chronic, due to;
      • due to
        • chemicals, gases, fumes or vapors (inhalation) - J68.2 Upper respiratory inflammation due to chemicals, gases, fumes and vapors, not elsewhere classified
        • radiation - J70.1 Chronic and other pulmonary manifestations due to radiation
    • retina - See: Chorioretinitis;
    • retrocecal - See: Appendicitis;
    • retroperitoneal - See: Peritonitis;
    • salivary duct or gland (any) (suppurative) - See: Sialoadenitis;
    • scorbutic, alveoli, teeth - E54 Ascorbic acid deficiency
    • scrotum - N49.2 Inflammatory disorders of scrotum
    • seminal vesicle - See: Vesiculitis;
    • sigmoid - See: Enteritis;
    • sinus - See: Sinusitis;
    • Skene's duct or gland - See: Urethritis;
    • skin - L08.9 Local infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, unspecified
    • spermatic cord - N49.1 Inflammatory disorders of spermatic cord, tunica vaginalis and vas deferens
    • sphenoidal (sinus) - See: Sinusitis, sphenoidal;
    • spinal
      • cord - See: Encephalitis;
      • membrane - See: Meningitis;
      • nerve - See: Disorder, nerve;
    • spine - See: Spondylopathy, inflammatory;
    • spleen (capsule) - D73.89 Other diseases of spleen
    • stomach - See: Gastritis;
    • subcutaneous tissue - L08.9 Local infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, unspecified
    • suprarenal (gland) - E27.8 Other specified disorders of adrenal gland
    • synovial - See: Tenosynovitis;
    • tendon (sheath) NEC - See: Tenosynovitis;
    • testis - See: Orchitis;
    • throat (acute) - See: Pharyngitis;
    • thymus (gland) - E32.8 Other diseases of thymus
    • thyroid (gland) - See: Thyroiditis;
    • tongue - K14.0 Glossitis
    • tonsil - See: Tonsillitis;
    • trachea - See: Tracheitis;
    • trochlear (nerve) - See: Strabismus, paralytic, fourth nerve;
    • tubal - See: Salpingo-oophoritis;
    • tuberculous NEC - See: Tuberculosis;
    • tubo-ovarian - See: Salpingo-oophoritis;
    • tunica vaginalis - N49.1 Inflammatory disorders of spermatic cord, tunica vaginalis and vas deferens
    • tympanic membrane - See: Tympanitis;
    • umbilicus, umbilical - L08.82 Omphalitis not of newborn
    • uterine ligament - See: Disease, pelvis, inflammatory;
    • uterus (catarrhal) - See: Endometritis;
    • uveal tract (anterior) NOS - See Also: Iridocyclitis;
      • posterior - See: Chorioretinitis;
    • vagina - See: Vaginitis;
    • vas deferens - N49.1 Inflammatory disorders of spermatic cord, tunica vaginalis and vas deferens
    • vein - See Also: Phlebitis;
      • intracranial or intraspinal (septic) - G08 Intracranial and intraspinal phlebitis and thrombophlebitis
      • thrombotic - I80.9 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of unspecified site
        • leg - See: Phlebitis, leg;
        • lower extremity - See: Phlebitis, leg;
    • vocal cord - J38.3 Other diseases of vocal cords
    • vulva - See: Vulvitis;
    • Wharton's duct (suppurative) - See: Sialoadenitis;

Applicable Clinical Terms Definitions

Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.

Appendix: A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.

Arachnoid: A delicate membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord. It lies between the PIA MATER and the DURA MATER. It is separated from the pia mater by the subarachnoid cavity which is filled with CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.

Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.

Blepharitis: Inflammation of the eyelids.

Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principal cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.

Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.

Broad Ligament: A broad fold of peritoneum that extends from the side of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis.

Bronchi: The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.

Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.

Cellulitis: An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.

Choroid: The thin, highly vascular membrane covering most of the posterior of the eye between the RETINA and SCLERA.

Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.

Cornea: The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)

Cranial Nerves: Twelve pairs of nerves that carry general afferent, visceral afferent, special afferent, somatic efferent, and autonomic efferent fibers.

Cystostomy: Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.

Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.

Dura Mater: The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.

Epididymis: The convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the TESTIS. Epididymis consists of the head (caput), the body (corpus), and the tail (cauda). A network of ducts leaving the testis joins into a common epididymal tubule proper which provides the transport, storage, and maturation of SPERMATOZOA.

Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Eyelids: Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.

Fallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.

Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.

Female:

Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.

Glottis: The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.

Transplants: Organs, tissues, or cells taken from the body for grafting into another area of the same body or into another individual.

Granuloma: A relatively small nodular inflammatory lesion containing grouped mononuclear phagocytes, caused by infectious and noninfectious agents.

Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.

Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.

Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.

Ileostomy: Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.

Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.

Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)

Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.

Larynx: A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.

Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.

Lip: Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.

Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.

Lymphatic Vessels: Tubular vessels that are involved in the transport of LYMPH and LYMPHOCYTES.

Male:

Membranes: Thin layers of tissue which cover parts of the body, separate adjacent cavities, or connect adjacent structures.

Meninges: The three membranes that cover the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD. They are the dura mater, the arachnoid, and the pia mater.

Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.

Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.

Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.

Myositis: Inflammation of a muscle or muscle tissue.

Nasopharynx: The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.

Nephrotomy: Surgical incision into any part of the kidney.

Nervous System: The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)

Nipples: The conic organs which usually give outlet to milk from the mammary glands.

Nose: A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.

Optic Nerve: The 2nd cranial nerve which conveys visual information from the RETINA to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS which sort at the OPTIC CHIASM and continue via the OPTIC TRACTS to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other targets include the SUPERIOR COLLICULI and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEI. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Osteomyelitis: INFLAMMATION of the bone as a result of infection. It may be caused by a variety of infectious agents, especially pyogenic (PUS - producing) BACTERIA.

Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.

Oviducts: Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.

Pericardium: A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.

Periostitis: Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Peripheral Nerves: The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.

Peritoneum: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.

Pia Mater: The innermost layer of the three meninges covering the brain and spinal cord. It is the fine vascular membrane that lies under the ARACHNOID and the DURA MATER.

Pleura: The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.

Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.

Radiation: Emission or propagation of acoustic waves (SOUND), ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY waves (such as LIGHT; RADIO WAVES; GAMMA RAYS; or X-RAYS), or a stream of subatomic particles (such as ELECTRONS; NEUTRONS; PROTONS; or ALPHA PARTICLES).

Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.

Retina: The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.

Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.

Seminal Vesicles: A saclike, glandular diverticulum on each ductus deferens in male vertebrates. It is united with the excretory duct and serves for temporary storage of semen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.

Spermatic Cord: Either of a pair of tubular structures formed by DUCTUS DEFERENS; ARTERIES; VEINS; LYMPHATIC VESSELS; and nerves. The spermatic cord extends from the deep inguinal ring through the INGUINAL CANAL to the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.

Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.

Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.

Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.

Subcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.

Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.

Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.

Trachea: The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.

Tympanic Membrane: An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.

Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Vas Deferens: The excretory duct of the testes that carries SPERMATOZOA. It rises from the SCROTUM and joins the SEMINAL VESICLES to form the ejaculatory duct.

Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the CAPILLARY BEDS.

Vocal Cords: A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.

Vulva: The external genitalia of the female. It includes the CLITORIS, the labia, the vestibule, and its glands.