Information for Patients
The vascular system is the body's network of blood vessels. It includes the arteries, veins and capillaries that carry blood to and from the heart. Problems of the vascular system are common and can be serious. Arteries can become thick and stiff, a problem called atherosclerosis. Blood clots can clog vessels and block blood flow to the heart or brain. Weakened blood vessels can burst, causing bleeding inside the body.
You are more likely to have vascular disease as you get older. Other factors that make vascular disease more likely include
- Family history of vascular or heart diseases
- Illness or injury
- Long periods of sitting or standing still
- Any condition that affects the heart and blood vessels, such as diabetes or high cholesterol
Losing weight, eating healthy foods, being active and not smoking can help vascular disease. Other treatments include medicines and surgery.
- Aortic arch syndrome
- Arterial embolism
- Cerebral angiography
- Distal splenorenal shunt
- Duplex ultrasound
- Hereditary angioedema
- Magnetic resonance angiography
- Mesenteric angiography
- Mesenteric artery ischemia
- SVC obstruction
- Venous insufficiency
- Venous ulcers -- self-care
- Volkmann ischemic contracture
Wounds and Injuries
Also called: Traumatic injuries
An injury is damage to your body. It is a general term that refers to harm caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and more. In the U.S., millions of people injure themselves every year. These injuries range from minor to life-threatening. Injuries can happen at work or play, indoors or outdoors, driving a car, or walking across the street.
Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren't serious, but it is important to clean them. Serious and infected wounds may require first aid followed by a visit to your doctor. You should also seek attention if the wound is deep, you cannot close it yourself, you cannot stop the bleeding or get the dirt out, or it does not heal.
Other common types of injuries include
- Sprains and strains
- Amputation - traumatic
- Animal bites -- self-care
- Closed suction drain with bulb
- Crush injury
- Cuts and puncture wounds
- Electrical injury
- Gunshot wounds -- aftercare
- Hemovac drain
- How wounds heal
- Human bites -- self-care
- Laceration - sutures or staples - at home
- Lacerations - liquid bandage
- Nail injuries
- Skin flaps and grafts -- self-care
- Sterile technique
- Sternal exploration or closure
- Surgical wound care
- Surgical wound care -- closed
- Surgical wound infection - treatment
- Wet to dry dressing changes
- Wound care centers
General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-9 and ICD-10 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
- No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
- Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.