Information for Patients
Also called: Windpipe disorders
Your trachea, or windpipe, is one part of your airway system. Airways are pipes that carry oxygen-rich air to your lungs. They also carry carbon dioxide, a waste gas, out of your lungs.
When you inhale, air travels from your nose, through your larynx, and down your windpipe. The windpipe splits into two bronchi that enter your lungs.
Problems with the trachea include narrowing, inflammation, and some inherited conditions. You may need a procedure called a tracheostomy to help you breathe if you have swallowing problems, or have conditions that affect coughing or block your airways. You might also need a tracheostomy if you are in critical care and need to be on a breathing machine.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Acute upper airway obstruction
- Learning about ventilators
- Swallowing problems
- Tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia repair
- Tracheomalacia - acquired
- Tracheomalacia - congenital
- Tracheostomy care
- Tracheostomy tube - eating
- Tracheostomy tube - speaking
Wounds and Injuries
Also called: Traumatic injuries
An injury is damage to your body. It is a general term that refers to harm caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and more. In the U.S., millions of people injure themselves every year. These injuries range from minor to life-threatening. Injuries can happen at work or play, indoors or outdoors, driving a car, or walking across the street.
Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren't serious, but it is important to clean them. Serious and infected wounds may require first aid followed by a visit to your doctor. You should also seek attention if the wound is deep, you cannot close it yourself, you cannot stop the bleeding or get the dirt out, or it does not heal.
Other common types of injuries include
- Sprains and strains
- Amputation - traumatic
- Animal bites -- self-care
- Closed suction drain with bulb
- Crush injury
- Cuts and puncture wounds
- Electrical injury
- Gunshot wounds -- aftercare
- Hemovac drain
- How wounds heal
- Human bites -- self-care
- Laceration - sutures or staples - at home
- Lacerations - liquid bandage
- Nail injuries
- Skin flaps and grafts -- self-care
- Sterile technique
- Sternal exploration or closure
- Surgical wound care
- Surgical wound care -- closed
- Surgical wound infection - treatment
- Wet to dry dressing changes
- Wound care centers
The ICD-9 and ICD-10 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
Index of Diseases and Injuries Definitions
- And - The word "and" should be interpreted to mean either "and" or "or" when it appears in a title.
- NOS "Not otherwise specified" - This abbreviation is the equivalent of unspecified.