Information for Patients
Congenital Heart Defects
A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely.
Doctors use a physical exam and special heart tests to diagnose congenital heart defects. They often find severe defects during pregnancy or soon after birth. Signs and symptoms of severe defects in newborns include
- Rapid breathing
- Cyanosis - a bluish tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails
- Poor blood circulation
Many congenital heart defects cause few or no signs and symptoms. They are often not diagnosed until children are older.
Many children with congenital heart defects don't need treatment, but others do. Treatment can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type of the defect, how severe it is, and a child's age, size, and general health.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Absent pulmonary valve
- Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
- Aortic angiography
- Aortopulmonary window
- Atrial septal defect
- Bicuspid aortic valve
- Cardiac catheterization
- Cardiac catheterization - discharge
- Coarctation of the aorta
- Congenital heart defect corrective surgeries
- Congenital heart disease
- Coronary artery fistula
- Cyanotic heart disease
- Double aortic arch
- Double inlet left ventricle
- Ebstein's anomaly
- Eisenmenger syndrome
- Endocardial cushion defect
- Heart murmurs and other sounds
- Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
- Left heart catheterization
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Patent foramen ovale
- Pediatric heart surgery - discharge
- Pulmonary atresia
- Pulmonary valve stenosis
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
- Transposition of the great vessels
- Tricuspid atresia
- Truncus arteriosus
- Vascular ring
- Ventricular septal defect
The ICD-9 and ICD-10 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
Index of Diseases and Injuries Definitions
- And - The word "and" should be interpreted to mean either "and" or "or" when it appears in a title.
- NOS "Not otherwise specified" - This abbreviation is the equivalent of unspecified.