Information for Patients
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) makes it hard for you to breathe. The two main types are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The main cause of COPD is long-term exposure to substances that irritate and damage the lungs. This is usually cigarette smoke. Air pollution, chemical fumes, or dust can also cause it.
At first, COPD may cause no symptoms or only mild symptoms. As the disease gets worse, symptoms usually become more severe. They include
- A cough that produces a lot of mucus
- Shortness of breath, especially with physical activity
- Chest tightness
Doctors use lung function tests, imaging tests, and blood tests to diagnose COPD. There is no cure. Treatments may relieve symptoms. They include medicines, oxygen therapy, surgery, or a lung transplant. Quitting smoking is the most important step you can take to treat COPD.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Blood gases
- Breathing Better with a COPD Diagnosis - NIH (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - adults - discharge
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - control drugs
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - quick-relief drugs
- COPD -- how to use a nebulizer
- COPD -- managing stress and your mood
- COPD and other health problems
- COPD flare-ups
- COPD: Are You at Risk? - NIH (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- Day to day with COPD
- How to breathe when you are short of breath
- How to use an inhaler - no spacer
- How to use an inhaler - with spacer
- How to use your peak flow meter
- Lung surgery - discharge
- Make peak flow a habit!
- Postural drainage
- Pulmonary function tests
- Smoking and COPD
- Using oxygen at home
The ICD-9 and ICD-10 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
Index of Diseases and Injuries Definitions
- And - The word "and" should be interpreted to mean either "and" or "or" when it appears in a title.
- NOS "Not otherwise specified" - This abbreviation is the equivalent of unspecified.