Information for Patients
Also called: MI, Myocardial infarction
Each year over a million people in the U.S. have a heart attack. About half of them die. Many people have permanent heart damage or die because they don't get help immediately. It's important to know the symptoms of a heart attack and call 9-1-1 if someone is having them. Those symptoms include
- Chest discomfort - pressure, squeezing, or pain
- Shortness of breath
- Discomfort in the upper body - arms, shoulder, neck, back
- Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, lightheadedness, sweating
These symptoms can sometimes be different in women.
What exactly is a heart attack? Most heart attacks happen when a clot in the coronary artery blocks the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. Often this leads to an irregular heartbeat - called an arrhythmia - that causes a severe decrease in the pumping function of the heart. A blockage that is not treated within a few hours causes the affected heart muscle to die.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Being active after your heart attack
- Cardiac catheterization
- Cardiac catheterization - discharge
- Cardiogenic shock
- Coronary angiography
- Heart attack
- Heart attack - discharge
- Heart disease and intimacy
- Learn What a Heart Attack Feels Like--It Could Save Your Life - NIH - Easy-to-Read (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- Talk With Your Health Care Provider About Taking Aspirin to Prevent Heart Attack (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)
- Thrombolytic drugs for heart attack
- Thrombolytic therapy
- Troponin test
General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-9 and ICD-10 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
- No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
- Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.