Information for Patients
Like other parts of the body, bones can get infected. The infections are usually bacterial, but can also be fungal. They may spread to the bone from nearby skin or muscles, or from another part of the body through the bloodstream. People who are at risk for bone infections include those with diabetes, poor circulation, or recent injury to the bone. You may also be at risk if you are having hemodialysis.
Symptoms of bone infections include
- Pain in the infected area
- Chills and fever
- Swelling, warmth, and redness
A blood test or imaging test such as an x-ray can tell if you have a bone infection. Treatment includes antibiotics and often surgery.
- Bone lesion biopsy
- Bone pain or tenderness
- Disseminated tuberculosis
- Osteomyelitis - discharge
Also called: TB
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body.
TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks. If you have been exposed, you should go to your doctor for tests. You are more likely to get TB if you have a weak immune system.
Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include
- A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Coughing up blood or mucus
- Weakness or fatigue
- Night sweats
Skin tests, blood tests, x-rays, and other tests can tell if you have TB. If not treated properly, TB can be deadly. You can usually cure active TB by taking several medicines for a long period of time.
NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
- Acid-fast stain
- Coughing up blood
- Disseminated tuberculosis
- Meningitis - tuberculous
- Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Mycobacterial culture
- PPD skin test
- Pulmonary tuberculosis
- Routine sputum culture
- Taking medicines to treat tuberculosis
- Tuberculosis Facts - Exposure to TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis Facts - TB Can Be Treated (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis Facts - Testing for TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis Facts - You Can Prevent TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis: General Information (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-9 and ICD-10 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
- No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
- Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.