ICD-10 Code T40.7X1

Poisoning by cannabis (derivatives), accidental (unintentional)

Version 2019 Replaced Code Non-Billable Code Poisoning Accidental

Not Valid for Submission

T40.7X1 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of poisoning by cannabis (derivatives), accidental (unintentional). The code is NOT valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10: T40.7X1
Short Description:Poisoning by cannabis (derivatives), accidental
Long Description:Poisoning by cannabis (derivatives), accidental (unintentional)

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • T40.7X1A - Poisoning by cannabis (derivatives), accidental (unintentional), initial encounter
  • T40.7X1D - Poisoning by cannabis (derivatives), accidental (unintentional), subsequent encounter
  • T40.7X1S - Poisoning by cannabis (derivatives), accidental (unintentional), sequela

Replaced Code

This code was replaced in the 2020 ICD-10 code set with the code(s) listed below. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has published an update to the ICD-10-CM diagnosis codes which became effective October 1, 2019. This code was replaced for the FY 2020 (October 1, 2019 - September 30, 2020).

  • K59.03 - Drug induced constipation

Code Classification

  • Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00–T98)
    • Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosing of drugs, medicaments and biological substances (T36-T50)
      • Narcotics and psychodysleptics (T40)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (first year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA mandated code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Medical Professionals

Synonyms

The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Accidental cannabis overdose
  • Accidental cannabis poisoning
  • Accidental nabilone overdose
  • Accidental nabilone poisoning
  • Accidental poisoning by cannabis derivatives
  • Accidental poisoning by hallucinogens
  • Antiemetic poisoning
  • Cannabis intoxication
  • Cannabis overdose
  • Nabilone overdose
  • Nabilone poisoning
  • Poisoning by cannabis derivative

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references for the code T40.7X1 are found in the tabular index:

  • Inclusion Terms:
    • Poisoning by cannabis NOS

Table of Drugs and Chemicals

The code T40.7X1 is included in the Table of Drugs and Chemicals, this table contains a classification of drugs, industrial solvents, corrosive gases, noxious plants, pesticides, and other toxic agents. Each substance in the table is assigned a code according to the poisoning classification and external causes of adverse effects. Use as many codes as necessary to describe all reported drugs, medicinal or chemical substances.

Substance Poisoning
Accidental
(unintentional)
Poisoning
Accidental
self-harm
Poisoning
Assault
Poisoning
Undetermined
Adverse
effect
Underdosing
Afghanistan blackT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
BhangT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
CannabinolT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
Cannabis (derivatives)T40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
DronabinolT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
GanjaT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
HashishT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
IndianT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
Indian
  »hemp
T40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
Indian
  »tobacco
T40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
Lebanese redT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
MarihuanaT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
MarijuanaT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
NabiloneT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
PotT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
TetrahydrocannabinolT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6
THCT40.7X1T40.7X2T40.7X3T40.7X4T40.7X5T40.7X6

Information for Patients


Marijuana

What is marijuana?

Marijuana is a green, brown, or gray mix of dried, crumbled parts from the marijuana plant. The plant contains chemicals which act on your brain and can change your mood or consciousness.

How do people use marijuana?

There are many different ways that people use marijuana, including

  • Rolling it up and smoking it like a cigarette or cigar
  • Smoking it in a pipe
  • Mixing it in food and eating it
  • Brewing it as a tea
  • Smoking oils from the plant ("dabbing")
  • Using electronic vaporizers ("vaping")

What are the effects of marijuana?

Marijuana can cause both short-term and long-term effects.

Short term:

While you are high, you may experience

  • Altered senses, such as seeing brighter colors
  • Altered sense of time, such as minutes seeming like hours
  • Changes in mood
  • Problems with body movement
  • Trouble with thinking, problem-solving, and memory
  • Increased appetite

Long term:

In the long term, marijuana can cause health problems, such as

  • Problems with brain development. People who started using marijuana as teenagers may have trouble with thinking, memory, and learning.
  • Coughing and breathing problems, if you smoke marijuana frequently
  • Problems with child development during and after pregnancy, if a woman smokes marijuana while pregnant

Can you overdose on marijuana?

It is possible to overdose on marijuana, if you take a very high dose. Symptoms of an overdose include anxiety, panic, and a rapid heartbeat. In rare cases, an overdose can cause paranoia and hallucinations. There are no reports of people dying from using just marijuana.

Is marijuana addictive?

After using marijuana for a while, it is possible to get addicted to it. You are more likely to become addicted if you use marijuana every day or you started using it when you were a teenager. If you are addicted, you will have a strong need to take the drug. You may also need to smoke more and more of it to get the same high. When you try to quit, you may have mild withdrawal symptoms such as

  • Irritability
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Decreased appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Cravings

What is medical marijuana?

The marijuana plant has chemicals that can help with some health problems. More states are making it legal to use the plant as medicine for certain medical conditions. But there isn't enough research to show that the whole plant works to treat or cure these conditions. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the marijuana plant as a medicine. Marijuana is still illegal at the national level.

However, there have been scientific studies of cannabinoids, the chemicals in marijuana. The two main cannabinoids that are of medical interest are THC and CBD. The FDA has approved two drugs that contain THC. These drugs treat nausea caused by chemotherapy and increase appetite in patients who have severe weight loss from AIDS. There is also a liquid drug that contains CBD. It treats two forms of severe childhood epilepsy. Scientists are doing more research with marijuana and its ingredients to treat many diseases and conditions.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse


[Learn More]

ICD-10 Footnotes

General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.

  • Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
  • No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
  • Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.

Index of Diseases and Injuries Definitions

  • And - The word "and" should be interpreted to mean either "and" or "or" when it appears in a title.
  • Code also note - A "code also" note instructs that two codes may be required to fully describe a condition, but this note does not provide sequencing direction.
  • Code first - Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology. For such conditions, the ICD-10-CM has a coding convention that requires the underlying condition be sequenced first followed by the manifestation. Wherever such a combination exists, there is a "use additional code" note at the etiology code, and a "code first" note at the manifestation code. These instructional notes indicate the proper sequencing order of the codes, etiology followed by manifestation.
  • Type 1 Excludes Notes - A type 1 Excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • Type 2 Excludes Notes - A type 2 Excludes note represents "Not included here". An excludes2 note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When an Excludes2 note appears under a code, it is acceptable to use both the code and the excluded code together, when appropriate.
  • Includes Notes - This note appears immediately under a three character code title to further define, or give examples of, the content of the category.
  • Inclusion terms - List of terms is included under some codes. These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • NEC "Not elsewhere classifiable" - This abbreviation in the Alphabetic Index represents "other specified". When a specific code is not available for a condition, the Alphabetic Index directs the coder to the "other specified” code in the Tabular List.
  • NOS "Not otherwise specified" - This abbreviation is the equivalent of unspecified.
  • See - The "see" instruction following a main term in the Alphabetic Index indicates that another term should be referenced. It is necessary to go to the main term referenced with the "see" note to locate the correct code.
  • See Also - A "see also" instruction following a main term in the Alphabetic Index instructs that there is another main term that may also be referenced that may provide additional Alphabetic Index entries that may be useful. It is not necessary to follow the "see also" note when the original main term provides the necessary code.
  • 7th Characters - Certain ICD-10-CM categories have applicable 7th characters. The applicable 7th character is required for all codes within the category, or as the notes in the Tabular List instruct. The 7th character must always be the 7th character in the data field. If a code that requires a 7th character is not 6 characters, a placeholder X must be used to fill in the empty characters.
  • With - The word "with" should be interpreted to mean "associated with" or "due to" when it appears in a code title, the Alphabetic Index, or an instructional note in the Tabular List. The word "with" in the Alphabetic Index is sequenced immediately following the main term, not in alphabetical order.