ICD-9 Diagnosis Code 003.0

Salmonella enteritis

Diagnosis Code 003.0

ICD-9: 003.0
Short Description: Salmonella enteritis
Long Description: Salmonella gastroenteritis
This is the 2014 version of the ICD-9-CM diagnosis code 003.0

Code Classification
  • Infectious and parasitic diseases
    • Intestinal infectious diseases (001-009)
      • 003 Other salmonella infections

Information for Medical Professionals

Convert to ICD-10 Additional informationCallout TooltipGeneral Equivalence Map
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
  • A02.0 - Salmonella enteritis

Index of Diseases and Injuries
References found for the code 003.0 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:

Information for Patients

Foodborne Illness

Also called: Food Poisoning

Each year, 48 million people in the U.S. get sick from contaminated food. Common culprits include bacteria, parasites and viruses. Symptoms range from mild to serious. They include

  • Upset stomach
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Dehydration

Harmful bacteria are the most common cause of foodborne illness. Foods may have some bacteria on them when you buy them. Raw meat may become contaminated during slaughter. Fruits and vegetables may become contaminated when they are growing or when they are processed. But it can also happen in your kitchen if you leave food out for more than 2 hours at room temperature. Handling food safely can help prevent foodborne illnesses.

The treatment in most cases is increasing your fluid intake. For more serious illness, you may need treatment at a hospital.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

  • Fecal culture
  • Food poisoning
  • Foodborne Illnesses: What You Need to Know (Food and Drug Administration)
  • Gastritis
  • Poisoning - fish and shellfish
  • Shigellosis
  • Stool Gram stain

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Also called: Stomach flu

Have you ever had the "stomach flu?" What you probably had was gastroenteritis - not a type of flu at all. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. The cause is often a norovirus infection. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person. The best prevention is frequent hand washing.

Symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills. Most people recover with no treatment.

The most common problem with gastroenteritis is dehydration. This happens if you do not drink enough fluids to replace what you lose through vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration is most common in babies, young children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

  • Bacterial gastroenteritis
  • Bland diet
  • CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis
  • Fecal culture
  • Rectal culture
  • Stool Gram stain
  • Viral gastroenteritis
  • When you have nausea and vomiting
  • When you or your child has diarrhea

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Salmonella Infections

Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria. In the United States, it is a common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables. You also can get infected after handling pets, especially reptiles like snakes, turtles, and lizards.

Symptoms include

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Headache
  • Possible nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite

Symptoms usually last 4-7 days. Your health care provider diagnoses the infection with a stool test. Most people get better without treatment. Infection can be more serious in the elderly, infants, and people with chronic health problems. If Salmonella gets into the bloodstream, it can be serious. The usual treatment is antibiotics.

Typhoid fever, a more serious disease caused by Salmonella, is not common in the United States. It frequently occurs in developing countries.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

  • Salmonella enterocolitis
  • Typhoid fever
  • Typhoid Vaccine (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

[Read More]
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