ICD-9 Code 991.3

Frostbite of other and unspecified sites

Not Valid for Submission

991.3 is a legacy non-billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of frostbite of other and unspecified sites. This code was replaced on September 30, 2015 by its ICD-10 equivalent.

ICD-9: 991.3
Short Description:Frostbite NEC/NOS
Long Description:Frostbite of other and unspecified sites

Convert 991.3 to ICD-10

The following crosswalk between ICD-9 to ICD-10 is based based on the General Equivalence Mappings (GEMS) information:

  • T33.90XA - Superficial frostbite of unspecified sites, init encntr
  • T33.99XA - Superficial frostbite of other sites, initial encounter
  • T34.90XA - Frostbite with tissue necrosis of unsp sites, init encntr
  • T34.99XA - Frostbite with tissue necrosis of other sites, init encntr

Code Classification

  • Injury and poisoning (800–999)
    • Other and unspecified effects of external causes (990-995)
      • 991 Effects of reduced temperature

Information for Medical Professionals

Synonyms

  • Frostbite
  • Frostbite alopecia
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis involving multiple body regions
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of abdominal wall, lower back and pelvis
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of ankle and foot
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of arm
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of head
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of hip and thigh
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of knee and lower leg
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of neck
  • Frostbite with tissue necrosis of thorax
  • Superficial frostbite
  • Superficial frostbite involving multiple body regions
  • Superficial frostbite of abdominal wall, lower back and pelvis
  • Superficial frostbite of hip and thigh
  • Superficial frostbite of knee and lower leg
  • Superficial frostbite of neck
  • Superficial frostbite of thorax
  • Superficial frostbite of upper limb

Index to Diseases and Injuries

References found for the code 991.3 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:


Information for Patients


Frostbite

Frostbite is an injury to the body that is caused by freezing. It most often affects the nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers, or toes. Frostbite can permanently damage the body, and severe cases can lead to amputation.

Signs of frostbite include

  • A white or grayish-yellow skin area
  • Skin that feels unusually firm or waxy
  • Numbness

If you have symptoms of frostbite, seek medical care. But if immediate medical care isn't available, here are steps to take:

  • Get into a warm room as soon as possible.
  • Unless absolutely necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes. Walking increases the damage.
  • Put the affected area in warm - not hot - water.
  • You can also warm the affected area using body heat. For example, use your armpit to warm frostbitten fingers.
  • Don't rub the frostbitten area with snow or massage it at all. This can cause more damage.
  • Don't use a heating pad, heat lamp, or the heat of a stove, fireplace, or radiator for warming. Since frostbite makes an area numb, you could burn it.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  • Frostbite
  • How to prevent frostbite and hypothermia

[Read More]

ICD-9 Footnotes

General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-9 and ICD-10 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.

  • Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
  • No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
  • Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.

Index of Diseases and Injuries Definitions

  • And - The word "and" should be interpreted to mean either "and" or "or" when it appears in a title.
  • Code also note - A "code also" note instructs that two codes may be required to fully describe a condition, but this note does not provide sequencing direction.
  • Code first - Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology. For such conditions, the ICD-10-CM has a coding convention that requires the underlying condition be sequenced first followed by the manifestation. Wherever such a combination exists, there is a "use additional code" note at the etiology code, and a "code first" note at the manifestation code. These instructional notes indicate the proper sequencing order of the codes, etiology followed by manifestation.
  • Type 1 Excludes Notes - A type 1 Excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means "NOT CODED HERE!" An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • Type 2 Excludes Notes - A type 2 Excludes note represents "Not included here". An excludes2 note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When an Excludes2 note appears under a code, it is acceptable to use both the code and the excluded code together, when appropriate.
  • Includes Notes - This note appears immediately under a three character code title to further define, or give examples of, the content of the category.
  • Inclusion terms - List of terms is included under some codes. These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • NEC "Not elsewhere classifiable" - This abbreviation in the Alphabetic Index represents "other specified". When a specific code is not available for a condition, the Alphabetic Index directs the coder to the "other specified” code in the Tabular List.
  • NOS "Not otherwise specified" - This abbreviation is the equivalent of unspecified.
  • See - The "see" instruction following a main term in the Alphabetic Index indicates that another term should be referenced. It is necessary to go to the main term referenced with the "see" note to locate the correct code.
  • See Also - A "see also" instruction following a main term in the Alphabetic Index instructs that there is another main term that may also be referenced that may provide additional Alphabetic Index entries that may be useful. It is not necessary to follow the "see also" note when the original main term provides the necessary code.
  • 7th Characters - Certain ICD-10-CM categories have applicable 7th characters. The applicable 7th character is required for all codes within the category, or as the notes in the Tabular List instruct. The 7th character must always be the 7th character in the data field. If a code that requires a 7th character is not 6 characters, a placeholder X must be used to fill in the empty characters.
  • With - The word "with" should be interpreted to mean "associated with" or "due to" when it appears in a code title, the Alphabetic Index, or an instructional note in the Tabular List. The word "with" in the Alphabetic Index is sequenced immediately following the main term, not in alphabetical order.