Diagnosis Code O91.0
Information for Patients
Most women experience breast changes at some time. Your age, hormone levels, and medicines you take may cause lumps, bumps, and discharges (fluids that are not breast milk).
If you have a breast lump, pain, discharge or skin irritation, see your health care provider. Minor and serious breast problems have similar symptoms. Although many women fear cancer, most breast problems are not cancer.
Some common breast changes are
- Fibrocystic breast changes - lumpiness, thickening and swelling, often just before a woman's period
- Cysts - fluid-filled lumps
- Fibroadenomas - solid, round, rubbery lumps that move easily when pushed, occurring most in younger women
- Intraductal papillomas - growths similar to warts near the nipple
- Blocked milk ducts
- Milk production when a woman is not breastfeeding
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Breast - premenstrual tenderness and swelling (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast biopsy -- stereotactic (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast biopsy -- ultrasound (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast infection (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast lump (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast MRI scan (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast pain (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast self exam (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Breast skin and nipple changes (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Fibroadenoma - breast (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Fibrocystic breast disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gynecomastia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Intraductal papilloma (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Nipple problems (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Lactation, Nursing
Breastfeeding offers many benefits to your baby. Breast milk contains the right balance of nutrients to help your infant grow into a strong and healthy toddler. Some of the nutrients in breast milk also help protect your infant against some common childhood illnesses and infections. It may also help your health. Certain types of cancer may occur less often in mothers who have breastfed their babies.
Women who don't have health problems should try to give their babies breast milk for at least the first six months of life. Most women with health problems can breastfeed. There are rare exceptions when women are advised not to breastfeed because they have certain illnesses. Some medicines, illegal drugs, and alcohol can also pass through the breast milk and cause harm to your baby. Check with your health care provider if you have concerns about whether you should breastfeed.
If you are having problems with breastfeeding, contact a lactation consultant.
NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
- Breastfeeding vs. Formula Feeding (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Overcoming breastfeeding problems (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Tips for Breastfeeding Moms (Food and Nutrition Information Center)
Health Problems in Pregnancy
Every pregnancy has some risk of problems. The causes can be conditions you already have or conditions you develop. They also include being pregnant with more than one baby, previous problem pregnancies, or being over age 35. They can affect your health and the health of your baby.
If you have a chronic condition, you should talk to your health care provider about how to minimize your risk before you get pregnant. Once you are pregnant, you may need a health care team to monitor your pregnancy. Examples of common conditions that can complicate a pregnancy include
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Kidney problems
- Autoimmune disorders
- Sexually transmitted diseases
Other conditions that can make pregnancy risky can happen while you are pregnant - for example, gestational diabetes and Rh incompatibility. Good prenatal care can help detect and treat them.
Some discomforts, like nausea, back pain, and fatigue, are common during pregnancy. Sometimes it is hard to know what is normal. Call your doctor or midwife if something is bothering or worrying you.
- Bed rest during pregnancy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hydramnios (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hyperemesis gravidarum (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Insufficient cervix (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Placenta abruptio (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Placenta abruptio (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Placenta previa (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vaginal bleeding in pregnancy (Medical Encyclopedia)